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The Inquisition of the Middle Ages; its organization and operation.

Author: Henry Charles Lea
Publisher: London, Eyre & Spottiswoode, 1963.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
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Genre/Form: History
Additional Physical Format: Online version:
Lea, Henry Charles, 1825-1909.
Inquisition of the Middle Ages.
London, Eyre & Spottiswoode, 1963
(OCoLC)698023596
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Henry Charles Lea
OCLC Number: 1260474
Notes: Consists of chapters 7-14 of v. 1. of the author's History of the Inquisition of the Middle Ages, published in 1887.
Description: 326 pages 23 cm
Contents: Historical introduction --
1. The Inquisition founded --
Uncertainty in the discovery and punishment of heretics --
Growth of Episcopal jurisdiction --
Procedure in Episcopal courts: The Inquisitorial process --
System of inquests --
Efforts to establish an Episcopal institution --
Endeavor to create a Legatine Inquisition --
Fitness of the Mendicant orders for the work --
Secular legislation for suppression of heresy --
Edict of Gregory IX in 1231: Secular inquisition tried --
Tentative introduction of papal inquisitors --
Dominicans invested with inquisitorial functions --
Episcopal function snot superseded --
Struggle between bishops and inquisitors --
Settlement when Inquisition becomes permanent --
Control given to inquisitors in Italy; in France; in Aragon --
All opposing legislation annulled --
All social forces placed at command of inquisition --
Absence of supervision and accountability --
Extent of jurisdiction --
Penalty of impeding the Inquisition --
Fruitless rivalry of the bishops --
Limits of extension of the Inquisition --
The Northern nations virtually exempt --
Africa and the East --
Vicissitudes of Episcopal Inquisition --
Greater efficiency of the papal Inquisition --
Bernard Gui's model inquisitor --
Simplicity of the Inquisition --
Inquisitorial districts: itinerant inquest --
Time of grace: its efficiency --
Buildings and prisons --
Personnel of the tribunal --
The records: their completeness and importance --
Familiars: question of bearing arms --
Resources of the state of at command of inquisitors --
Episcopal concurrence in sentence --
The assembly of experts --
The Sermo or Auto de Fe --
Cooperation of tribunals --
Occasional inquisitors --
General --
3. The Inquisitorial process --
Inquisitor both judge and confessor --
Difficulty of proving heresy --
The inquisitorial process universally employed --
Age of responsibility: proceedings in Absentia: the dead --
All safeguards withdrawn: secrecy of procedure --
Confession not requisite for conviction --
Importance attached to confession --
Interrogatory of the accused --
Resources for extracting confession: deceit --
Irregular tortures, mental and physical : delays --
Formal torture --
Restricted by Clement V --
Rules for its employment --
Retraction of confessions 4. Evidence --
Comparative unimportance of witnesses --
Flimsiness of evidence admitted --
The crime known as "suspicion of heresy" --
Number of witnesses: no restrictions as to character or age --
Mortal enmity the only disability --
Secrecy of the confessional disregarded --
Suppression of names of witnesses --
Evidence sometimes withheld --
Frequency of false witness: its penalty --
5. The defense --
Opportunity of defense reduced to a minimum --
Denial of counsel --
Malice of witnesses the only defense --
Prosecution of the dead --
Defence practically impossible: appeals --
Condemnation virtually inevitable --
Suspicion of heresy: light, vehement, and violent --
Purgation by conjurators --
Abjuration --
6. The sentence --
Penance not punishment --
Grades of penance --
Miscellaneous penances --
Flagellation --
Pilgrimages --
Crusades to Palestine --
Wearing crosses --
Fines and commutations --
Unfulfilled penance --
Bail --
Abuses: bribery and extortion --
Destruction of houses --
Arbitrary penalties --
Imprisonment --
Troubles about the expenses --
Treatment of prisoners --
Comparative frequency of different penalties --
Modification of sentences --
Penitents never pardoned, although reprieved --
Penalties of descendants --
Inquisitorial excommunication --
7. Confiscation --
Origin in the Roman law --
The church responsible for its introduction --
Varying practice in decreeing it --
Degree of criminality entailing it --
Question of the dowers of wives --
The church shares the spoils of Italy --
In France they are seized by the state --
The bishops obtain a share --
Rapacity of confiscation --
Alienations and obligations void --
Paralyzing influence on commercial development --
Expenses of Inquisition, how defrayed --
Persecution dependent on confiscation --
8. The stake --
Theoretical irresponsibility of the Inquisition --
The church coerces the secular power to burn heretics --
Only impenitent heretics burned --
Relapse: hesitation as to its penalty: burning decided upon --
Difficulty of defining relapse --
Refusal to submit to penance --
Probable frequency of burning --
Details of execution --
Burning of books --
Influence of inquisitorial methods on the church --
Influence on secular jurisprudence.
Other Titles: History of the Inquisition of the Middle Ages
Responsibility: With an historical introd. by Walter Ullmann.

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