|提及的人：||Margaret Mead; Ruth Benedict; Margaret Mead; Ruth Benedict; Margaret Mead; Ruth Benedict; Ruth Benedict; Margaret Mead|
Lois W Banner
|描述：||xii, 540 p. : ill. ; 25 cm.|
|内容：||pt. 1. Ancestry. Pioneering women and men --
pt. 2. Backgrounds. Apollo and Dionysus: Ruth Benedict's childhood --
"The young-eyed cherubim": Margaret Mead's childhoood --
pt. 3. Searching for self. "Smashing": female romantic friendships --
"Mary Wollstonecraft": Ruth Benedict and early twentieth-century feminism --
pt. 4. From New York City to New Guinea. DePauw University, Barnard College, and the making of Margaret Mead --
"Unicorns at sunrise": anthropology, poetry, gender, and Ruth Benedict --
Free love and Samoa --
Bread and wine: creating a friendship, 1926-1931 --
pt. 5. Intellect and emotions. "Two strings to his bow": Ruth Benedict and Patterns of culture --
The "squares" on the Sepik: Sex and temperance, part 1 --
From the Hanover Conference to the witches of Bali: Sex and temperament, part 2 --
Race, gender, and sexuality --
pt. 6. World War II and beyond. Ripeness is all.
|責任：||Lois W. Banner.|
This book is a revealing biography of two eminent twentieth century American women. Close friends for much of their lives, Ruth Benedict and Margaret Mead met at Barnard College in 1922, when Mead was a student, Benedict a teacher. They became sexual partners (though both married), and pioneered in the then male-dominated discipline of anthropology. They championed racial and sexual equality and cultural relativity despite the generally racist, xenophobic, and homophobic tenor of their era. Mead's best-selling Coming of Age in Samoa (1928) and Sex and Temperament in Three Primitive Societies (1935), and Benedict's Patterns of Culture (1934), Race (1940), and The Chrysanthemum and the Sword (1946), were landmark studies that ensured the lasting prominence and influence of their authors in the field of anthropology and beyond. With unprecedented access to the complete archives of the two women--including hundreds of letters opened to scholars in 2001--Lois Banner examines the impact of their difficult childhoods and the relationship between them in the context of their circle of family, friends, husbands, lovers, and colleagues, as well as the calamitous events of their time. She shows how Benedict inadvertently exposed Mead to charges of professional incompetence, discloses the serious errors New Zealand anthropologist Derek Freeman made in his famed attack on Mead's research on Samoa, and reveals what happened in New Guinea when Mead and colleagues engaged in a ritual aimed at overturning all gender and sexual boundaries.
- Mead, Margaret, -- 1901-1978.
- Benedict, Ruth, -- 1887-1948.
- Women anthropologists -- United States -- Biography.
- Culturele antropologie.
- Femmes anthropologues -- États-Unis -- Biographies.
- Mead, Margaret -- (1901-1978).
- Benedict, Ruth -- (1887-1948).
- Femmes anthropologues -- États-Unis.
- Women anthropologists.
- United States.