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Introduction to Crystallography.

Author: Donald E Sands
Publisher: Dover Publications, 2012.
Series: Dover books on chemistry.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
Concise explanation of the logical development of basic crystallographic concepts. Extensive discussion of crystals and lattices, symmetry, crystal systems and geometry, x-ray diffraction, determination of atomic positions, and more. Well-chosen selection of problems, with answers. Ideal for crystallography course or as supplement to physical chemistry courses. 114 illustrations. 1969 edition.
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Donald E Sands
ISBN: 1306349052 9781306349055 9780486136806 0486136809 0486678393 9780486678399
OCLC Number: 868273767
Language Note: English.
Description: 1 online resource.
Contents: DOVER SCIENCE BOOKS; INTRODUCTION TO CRYSTALLOGRAPHY; Title Page; Copyright Page; Preface; Table of Contents; Chapter 1 --
CRYSTALS AND LATTICES; 1-1 Definition of a crystal; 1-2 Lattice points; 1-3 Unit cells; 1-4 Fractional coordinates; 1-5 Unit cell calculations; 1-6 Primitive and centered cells; Chapter 2 --
SYMMETRY; 2-1 Introduction.; 2-2 Definition of symmetry; 2-3 Symmetry operations and elements of symmetry; 2-4 Rotation axes; 2-5 Mirror planes; 2-6 Identity; 2-7 Center of symmetry; 2-8 Improper rotation axes; 2-9 Point symmetry; 2-10 Combinations of symmetry elements. 2-11 Point groups2-12 Group multiplication table; 2-13 Point group nomenclature; 2-14 Determination of point groups, ; 2-15 Limitation on combinations of symmetry elements; Chapter 3 --
CRYSTAL SYSTEMS AND GEOMETRY; 3-1 Classification of unit cells; 3-2 Restrictions imposed by symmetry on unit cell dimensions; 3-3 Crystal systems; 3 --
4 Limitations on symmetry in crystals; 3-5 Hermann-Mauguin notation; 3-6 Bravais lattices; 3-7 Distinction between trigonal and hexagonal systems; 3-8 Crystal planes and indices; 3-9 Law of rational indices; 3-10 Interplanar spacings. Chapter 4 --
SPACE GROUPS AND EQUIVALENT POSITIONS4-1 Translational symmetry; 4-2 Screw axes; 4-3 Glide planes; 4-4 Space groups; 4-5 Relationship between space groups, point groups, and physical properties; 4-6 Equivalent positions; 4-7 Special positions; 4-8 Space group tables in International Tables for X-ray Crystallography; 4-9 Examples of the use of space group tables; 4-10 Equivalent positions and the choice of origin; Chapter 5 --
X --
RAY DIFFRACTION; 5-1 Periodicity and structural information; 5-2 The diffraction grating; 5-3 Diffraction of X rays by crystals; 5-4 The Laue equations. 5-5 Rotating crystal method5-6 Bragg's law; 5-7 Generalization of Miller indices; 5-8 Weissenberg camera; 5-9 Buerger precession camera; 5-10 Comparison of Weissenberg and precession techniques; 5-11 Information obtained from diffraction patterns; 5-12 Electron density function; 5-13 Fourier series; 5-14 Fourier expansion of electron density; 5-15 Intensities of diffraction spots; 5-16 The phase problem; 5-17 Calculation of structure factors; 5-18 Effect of thermal vibration; 5-19 Structure factors of centrosymmetric crystals; 5-20 Friedel's law; 5-21 Laue groups. 5-.22 Structure factors of sodium chloride5-23 Extinctions due to glide planes; 5-24 Extinctions due to screw axes; Chapter 6 --
DETERMINATION OF ATOMIC POSITIONS; 6-1 Solutions of structure factor equations.; 6-2 The Patterson function; 6-3 Heavy-atom methods; 6-4 Isomorphous replacement; 6-5 Superposition methods; 6-6 Inequalities; 6-7 Sayre-Cochran-Zachariasen relationship; 6-8 Hauptman-Karle methods; 6-9 Summary of phase-determining methods; 6-10 Refinement; Chapter 7 --
SOME SIMPLE STRUCTURES; 7-1 Close packing; 7-2 Cubic close packing; 7-3 Hexagonal close-packed structure.
Series Title: Dover books on chemistry.

Abstract:

Concise explanation of the logical development of basic crystallographic concepts. Extensive discussion of crystals and lattices, symmetry, crystal systems and geometry, x-ray diffraction, determination of atomic positions, and more. Well-chosen selection of problems, with answers. Ideal for crystallography course or as supplement to physical chemistry courses. 114 illustrations. 1969 edition.

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