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Introduction to environmental impact assessment : a guide to principles and practice

Author: Bram F Noble
Publisher: Don Mills, Ont. : Oxford University Press, 2006.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
This work has been designed as a primary teaching text in environmental impact assessment (EIA). It focuses on procedural training, with an emphasis on good principles and practice and provides a number of case studies from all over the globe.
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Genre/Form: Textbooks
Manuels
Additional Physical Format: Online version:
Noble, Bram F., 1975-
Introduction to environmental impact assessment.
Don Mills, Ont. : Oxford University Press, 2006
(OCoLC)626715096
Material Type: Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Bram F Noble
ISBN: 019542090X 9780195420906
OCLC Number: 61216690
Description: xi, 216 p. : ill. ; 23 cm.
Contents: Part 1 Environmental Impact Assessment Principles 1 --
Chapter 1 Aims and Objectives of Environmental Impact Assessment 2 --
Defining Environmental Impact Assessment 2 --
EIA Objectives and Principles 3 --
The Origins and Development of EIA 5 --
EIA Origins 5 --
EIA Development 7 --
International Status of EIA 10 --
Canada 11 --
Australia 11 --
European Union 11 --
Japan 11 --
China 11 --
Developing Nations and Development Agencies 12 --
EIA Process 12 --
Benefits and Challenges to EIA 13 --
Chapter 2 An Overview of Environmental Impact Assessment in Canada 17 --
EIA in Canada 17 --
Canadian EIA Systems 17 --
Provincial EIA 18 --
Northern EIA 19 --
Legal Development of EIA 20 --
EARP Origins 21 --
Canadian Environmental Assessment Act 21 --
Towards 'Higher-Order' Assessment 23 --
EIA Directions 24 --
Part II Foundations of Environmental Impact Assessment 27 --
Chapter 3 Nature and Classification of Environmental Impacts 28 --
Environmental Effects and Impacts 28 --
Order of Environmental Effects and Impacts 29 --
Simple Classification of Effects and Impacts 29 --
Nature of Environmental Effects and Impacts 30 --
Temporal Characteristics of Impacts 33 --
Magnitude, Direction, and Spatial Extent of Impacts 34 --
Reversibility and Irreversibility of Impacts 35 --
Likelihood of Impacts 37 --
Chapter 4 Methods Supporting EIA Practice 39 --
Methods and Techniques 39 --
Methods for Impact Identification and Classification 40 --
Examination of Similar Projects 40 --
Simple Matrices 41 --
Interaction Matrices 46 --
Networks 46 --
Overlays and Features Mapping 52 --
Systems Models 53 --
Expert judgement 53 --
Methods Selection 55 --
Techniques for Involvement and Communication 58 --
Rationale for Public Involvement 58 --
Levels of Public Involvement 58 --
Identifying the Publics 60 --
Methods and Techniques 61 --
Elements for Successful Public Involvement 61 --
Part III Environmental Impact Assessment Practice 67 --
Chapter 5 Screening Procedures 68 --
Screening 68 --
Screening Approaches 68 --
Is an EIA Required? 68 --
Screening Requirements in Canada 69 --
Requirements for EIA 69 --
Type of EIA Required 73 --
Some General Guidelines for Project Screening 76 --
Chapter 6 Scoping Procedures 79 --
EIA Scoping 79 --
Scoping Types and Functions 79 --
Scoping Requisites 80 --
Describe the Proposed Activity 80 --
Scope Project Alternatives 82 --
Establish the Environmental Baseline 85 --
Establish Assessment Boundaries 87 --
Identify Potential Impacts and Issues 92 --
Scoping Continuation 94 --
Chapter 7 Predicting Environmental Impacts 96 --
Impact Prediction 96 --
Basic Requirements of Impact Predictions 97 --
Accuracy and Precision 97 --
Techniques for Impact Prediction 98 --
Mechanistic Models 99 --
Statistical Models 99 --
Balance Models 99 --
Experimental Techniques 100 --
Analogue Techniques 100 --
Judgemental Techniques 100 --
Predicting Impacts on the Biophysical Environment 103 --
What to Predict 103 --
Techniques 103 --
Predicting Impacts on the Human Environment 106 --
What to Predict 106 --
Challenges to Impact Prediction 106 --
Addressing Uncertainty in Impact Prediction 109 --
Verifiable Impact Predictions 110 --
Chapter 8 Determining Impact Significance 115 --
Impact Significance 115 --
Determining Significance 116 --
Impact Characteristics 116 --
Impact importance 120 --
Methods, Techniques, and Guidance 122 --
Fixed-Point Scoring 124 --
Rating 125 --
Paired Comparisons 126 --
Scope of Significant Impacts 128 --
Chapter 9 Managing Project Impacts 131 --
Impact Management 131 --
Managing Negative Impacts 131 --
Avoidance 131 --
Mitigation 132 --
Rectification 133 --
Compensation 133 --
Managing Positive Impacts 134 --
Creating Benefits 134 --
Enhancing Benefits 134 --
Measures That Support Impact Management 135 --
Environmental Management Systems 135 --
Environmental Protection Plans 135 --
Impact Benefit Agreements 136 --
EIA and Impact Management in Canada 137 --
Chapter 10 Post-Decision Monitoring 140 --
Follow-up 140 --
Follow-up Components 141 --
Rationale for Post-Decision Monitoring 142 --
Compliance Monitoring 142 --
Progress Monitoring 143 --
Monitoring for Understanding 144 --
Requirements for Effective Monitoring 145 --
Objectives and Priorities Identified 145 --
Targeted Approach to Data Collection 146 --
Hypothesis-based or Threshold-based Approaches 147 --
Control Sites 148 --
Continuity 150 --
Adaptability, Flexibility, and Timeliness 150 --
Inclusiveness 151 --
Monitoring Methods and Techniques 154 --
Part IV Advancing Principles and Practices in Environmental Impact Assessment 157 --
Chapter 11 Cumulative Environmental Effects 158 --
Developing an Awareness of Cumulative Effects 158 --
Definition of Cumulative Effects 158 --
Sources of Cumulative Effects 159 --
Types of Cumulative Effects 159 --
Pathways of Cumulative Effects 160 --
Cumulative Effects Assessment 162 --
Spatial Boundaries for CEA 164 --
Temporal Boundaries for CEA 166 --
Methods for CEA 167 --
Towards a Regional Approach to CEA in Canada 173 --
Chapter 12 Strategic Environmental Assessment 177 --
The Basis of Strategic Assessment 177 --
Systems of SEA 177 --
Aims and Objectives 179 --
Types of SEA 181 --
SEA Frameworks 186 --
Screening 186 --
Scoping 186 --
Assessing Initiatives and Option Impacts 191 --
Determining Significance 195 --
Identifying the Preferred Option 195 --
Follow-up 196 --
Directions in SEA 196 --
Appendix I Alternative Means: An Exercise in Project Assessment 199 --
Appendix II Alternatives To: An Exercise in Strategic Assessment 202.
Responsibility: Bram F. Noble.
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Abstract:

A core text for teaching environmental impact assessment, which focuses on procedural training and good principles and practices.  Read more...

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