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Introduction to environmental toxicology : molecular substructures to ecological landscapes.

Author: Wayne G Landis; Ruth M Sofield; Ming-Ho Yu
Publisher: Boca Raton, FL : CRC Press, ©2011.
Edition/Format:   Print book : English : 4th ed.View all editions and formats

Defines the field of environmental toxicology. This book provides an integrated approach to understanding environmental toxicology that emphasizes scale and context as important factors in  Read more...


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Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Wayne G Landis; Ruth M Sofield; Ming-Ho Yu
ISBN: 9781439804100 1439804109
OCLC Number: 646308517
Description: xx, 514 pages : illustrations (some color), maps (chiefly color) ; 27 cm
Contents: Introduction to Environmental ToxicologyEnvironmental Toxicology as an Interdisciplinary ScienceA Brief History and Organizations in Environmental ToxicologyInteractions and Connections of Environmental Toxicology to the Management of Ecological SystemsLegislationIntroduction to This TextbookStudy QuestionsFrameworks and Paradigms for Environmental ToxicologyThe FundamentalsModelsFundamental Models for Environmental ToxicologyThe Classical Viewpoint for Classifying Toxicological EffectsChemical Physical-Chemical CharacteristicsBioaccumulation/Biotransformation/BiodegradationReceptors and the Mode of ActionBiochemical and Molecular EffectsPhysiological and Behavioral EffectsPopulation ParametersCommunity EffectsEcosystem EffectsAn Alternative Framework Incorporating Complexity TheorySpatial and Temporal ScalesCombining Scale and Ecological Dynamics: The Hierarchical Patch Dynamic ParadigmStrategy and Tactics in the Use of Models in Environmental ToxicologyStudy QuestionsReferences and Suggested ReadingsAn Introduction to Toxicity TestingIntroductionThe Dose-Responsive CurveThresholds and HormesisTerminology Based upon Hypothesis TestingClassification of Toxicity TestsDesign Parameters for Single-Species Toxicity TestsLimitations and Alternatives to Hypothesis TestingCommonly Used Methods for the Calculation of EndpointsComparison of Calculations of Several Programs for Calculating Probit AnalysisHypothesis TestingCurve Fitting and Regression Modeling versus Hypothesis TestingThe Design of Multispecies Toxicity TestsUnivariate MethodsMultivariate MethodsVisualizationSummary of Design Guidelines for Multispecies Toxicity TestsStandard MethodsStudy QuestionsReferences and Suggested ReadingsSurvey and Review of Typical Toxicity Test MethodsIntroductionAnimal Care and Use ConsiderationsSingle-Species Toxicity TestsMultispecies Toxicity TestsSummaryStudy QuestionsAppendix 4.1: The Natural History and Utilization of Selected Test SpeciesThe Fate and Transport of ContaminantsIntroductionTransport MechanismsPersistenceBiotransportAbiotic Degradation/TransformationMultimedia Box ModelsEquilibriumThe Fugacity ApproachBioconcentration versus BiomagnificationBioavailabilitySummaryStudy QuestionsReferences and Suggested ReadingsUptake and Modes of ActionThe Damage ProcessAtmospheric Pollutants and PlantsMechanisms of ActionSpecific Modes of Action in DetailReceptor-Mediated Toxicity, Endocrine DisruptionIntroduction to QSARStudy QuestionsReferences and Suggested ReadingsFactors Modifying the Activity of ToxicantsIntroductionPhysicochemical Properties of PollutantsTime and Mode of ExposureEnvironmental FactorsInteraction of PollutantsToxicity of MixturesBiological Factors Affecting ToxicityStudy QuestionsReferences and Suggested ReadingsInorganic Gaseous PollutantsSulfur OxidesNitrogen OxidesOzoneCarbon MonoxideStudy QuestionsReferences and Suggested ReadingsFluoride as a Contaminant of Developing EconomiesEnvironmental Sources and Forms of FluorideIndustrial Sources of Fluoride PollutionEffect on PlantsEffect on AnimalsEffect on Human HealthBiochemical EffectStudy QuestionsReferences and Suggested ReadingsHeavy MetalsIntroductionLeadCadmiumMercuryStudy QuestionsReferences and Suggested ReadingsBiotransformation, Detoxification, and BiodegradationIntroductionMetabolism of Environmental Chemicals: BiotransformationTypes of BiotransformationMechanisms of BiotransformationConsequences of BiotransformationMicrobial DegradationBioremediationAn Example of a Detoxification Enzyme: The Organophosphate Acid (OPA) AnhydrolasesStudy QuestionsReferences and Suggested ReadingsEcological Effects from Biomarkers to PopulationsIntroductionTerminology and ContextThe Key to Context: The Hierarchical Patch Dynamics ParadigmMeasurement of Ecological Effects at Various Scales or Levels of Biological OrganizationBioaccumulation/Biotransformation/BiodegradationMolecular and Physiological Indicators of Chemical Stress BiomarkersAssemblage and Community ParametersEffects at the Population ScaleInteracting Populations in a Patchy EnvironmentThe Importance of Patch DynamicsImplicationsAppendix: Age-Structured Population Modeling in DetailStudy QuestionsReferences and Suggested ReadingsEcological Effects: Community to Landscape Scales of Toxicological ImpactsIntroductionCommunity EffectsEffects on Ecosystems or Ecological StructuresApplication of Multivariate TechniquesPollution-Induced Community ToleranceInterpretation of Ecosystem Level ImpactsAn Alternative Model: The Community Conditioning HypothesisThe Design of Field StudiesMaking DecisionsAppendix: Multivariate Techniques-Nonmetric ClusteringStudy QuestionsReferences and Suggested ReadingsEcological Risk AssessmentIntroductionBasics of Risk AssessmentEcological Risk AssessmentEcological Risk Assessment FrameworkRisk CharacterizationTechniques in Ecological Risk AssessmentStudy QuestionsReferences and Suggested ReadingsAppendix A: References for Toxicity Testing and Interpretation, Compiled by April J. MarkiewiczIndex
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Praise for the Second Edition:"Buy the book, read it, and learn from it. This book genuinely helps to unify and clarify the ecotoxicology field, and as such joins a select few titles bringing Read more...

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