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Introduction to fluid mechanics

Author: William S Janna
Publisher: Boca Raton : CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group, [2016] ©2016
Edition/Format:   Print book : English : Fifth editionView all editions and formats
Database:WorldCat
Summary:
"Introduction to Fluid Mechanics, Fifth Edition uses equations to model phenomena that we see and interact with every day. Placing emphasis on solved practical problems, this book introduces circumstances that are likely to occur in practice--reflecting real-life situations that involve fluids in motion. It examines the equations of motion for turbulent flow, the flow of a nonviscous or inviscid fluid, and laminar  Read more...
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Details

Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: William S Janna
ISBN: 9781482211610 1482211610
OCLC Number: 927490629
Description: xix, 749 pages : illustrations ; 27 cm
Contents: Machine-generated contents note: 1.1. Dimensions and Units --
1.2. Definition of a Fluid --
1.3. Properties of Fluids --
1.3.1. Density --
1.3.2. Viscosity --
1.3.2.1. Time-Independent Fluids --
1.3.2.2. Time-Dependent Fluids --
1.3.2.3. Viscoelastic Fluids --
1.3.3. Kinematic Viscosity --
1.3.4. Pressure --
1.3.5. Surface Tension --
1.3.6. Specific Heat --
1.3.7. Internal Energy --
1.3.8. Enthalpy --
1.3.9. Compressibility Factor/Bulk Modulus --
1.3.10. Ideal Gas Law --
1.4. Liquids and Gases --
1.5. Continuum --
Problems --
2.1. Pressure and Pressure Measurement --
2.2. Hydrostatic Forces on Submerged Plane Surfaces --
2.3. Hydrostatic Forces on Submerged Curved Surfaces --
2.4. Equilibrium of Accelerating Fluids --
2.5. Forces on Submerged Bodies --
2.6. Stability of Submerged and Floating Bodies --
2.7. Summary --
Internet Resources --
Problems --
3.1. Kinematics of Flow --
3.2. Control Volume Approach --
3.3. Continuity Equation --
3.4. Momentum Equation --
3.4.1. Linear Momentum Equation --
3.5. Energy Equation --
3.6. Bernoulli Equation --
3.7. Summary --
Internet Resources --
Problems --
4.1. Dimensional Homogeneity and Analysis --
4.1.1. Rayleigh Method --
4.1.2. Buckingham Pi Method --
4.2. Dimensionless Ratios --
4.2.1. Flow in a Pipe or Conduit --
4.2.2. Flow over Immersed Bodies --
4.2.3. Open-Channel Flow --
4.2.4. Unbounded Flows --
4.3. Dimensional Analysis by Inspection --
4.4. Similitude --
4.4.1. Geometric Similarity --
4.4.2. Dynamic Similarity --
4.4.3. Modelling --
4.5. Correlation of Experimental Data --
4.6. Summary --
Internet Resources --
Problems --
5.1. Laminar and Turbulent Flows --
5.2. Effect of Viscosity --
5.2.1. Entrance Effects --
5.3. Pipe Dimensions and Specifications --
5.3.1. Equivalent Diameters for Non-circular Ducts --
5.4. Equation of Motion --
5.5. Friction Factor and Pipe Roughness --
5.5.1. Flow through Pipes of Non-circular Cross Sections --
5.5.2. Flow through an Annulus --
5.5.3. Miscellaneous Geometries --
5.6. Simple Piping Systems --
5.7. Minor Losses --
5.8. Pipes in Parallel --
5.9. Pumps and Piping Systems --
5.10. Summary --
Internet Resources --
Problems --
6.1. Flow past a Flat Plate --
6.1.1. Boundary Layer Growth --
6.1.2. Separation --
6.2. Flow past Various Two-Dimensional Bodies --
6.3. Flow past Various Three-Dimensional Bodies --
6.4. Applications to Ground Vehicles --
6.4.1. Bicycle-Rider Combinations --
6.4.2. Automobiles --
6.4.3. Tractor-Trailer Trucks --
6.5. Lift on Airfoils --
6.6. Summary --
Internet Resources --
Problems --
7.1. Types of Open-Channel Flows --
7.2. Open-Channel Geometry Factors --
7.3. Energy Considerations in Open-Channel Flows --
7.3.1. Flow under a Sluice Gate --
7.3.2. Flow through a Venturi Flume --
7.4. Critical Flow Calculations --
7.5. Equations for Uniform Open-Channel Flows --
7.5.1. Laminar Open-Channel Flow --
7.5.2. Reynolds Number and Transition --
7.5.3. Turbulent Open-Channel Flow --
7.6. Hydraulically-Optimum Cross-Section --
7.7. Non-uniform Open-Channel Flow --
7.7.1. Gradually-Varied Flow --
7.7.2. Rapidly-Varied Flow --
7.8. Summary --
Internet Resources --
Problems --
8.1. Sonic Velocity and Mach Number --
8.2. Stagnation Properties and Isentropic Flow --
8.3. Flow through a Channel of Varying Area --
8.4. Normal Shock Waves --
8.5. Compressible Flow with Friction --
8.6. Compressible Flow with Heat Transfer --
8.7. Summary --
Internet Resources --
Problems --
9.1. Equations of Turbomachinery --
9.2. Axial-Flow Turbines --
9.3. Axial-Flow Compressors, Pumps, and Fans --
9.4. Radial-Flow Turbines --
9.5. Radial-Flow Compressors and Pumps --
9.6. Power-Absorbing versus Power-Producing Machines --
9.7. Dimensional Analysis of Turbomachinery --
9.8. Performance Characteristics of Centrifugal Pumps --
9.9. Performance Characteristics of Hydraulic Turbines --
9.10. Impulse Turbine (Pelton Turbine) --
9.11. Summary --
Problems --
10.1. Measurement of Viscosity --
10.2. Measurement of Static and Stagnation Pressures --
10.3. Measurement of Velocity --
10.4. Measurement of Flow Rates in Closed Conduits --
10.5. Measurements in Open-Channel Flows --
10.6. Summary --
Problems --
11.1. Equations of Motion --
11.2. Applications to Laminar Flow --
11.2.1. Flow in a Circular Duct --
11.2.2. Flow down an Inclined Plane --
11.2.3. Flow through a Straight Channel --
11.2.4. Plane Couette Flow --
11.2.5. Flow between Two Rotating Concentric Cylinders --
11.3. Graphical Solution Methods for Unsteady Laminar Flow Problems --
11.3.1. Suddenly-Accelerated Flat Plate --
11.3.2. Unsteady Plane Couette Flow --
11.3.3. Unsteady Flow between Concentric Circular Cylinders --
11.3.4. Unsteady Flow in a Plane Channel (Start-Up Flow) --
11.4. Introduction to Turbulent Flow --
11.5. Summary --
Problems --
12.1. Equations of Two-Dimensional Inviscid Flows --
12.1.1. Continuity Equation --
12.1.2. Momentum Equation --
12.2. Stream Function and Velocity Potential --
12.3. Irrotational Flow --
12.4. Laplace's Equation and Various Flow Fields --
12.4.1. Uniform Flow --
12.4.2. Source Flow --
12.4.3. Sink Flow --
12.4.4. Irrotational Vortex Flow --
12.5. Combined Flows and Superpositions --
12.5.1. Flow about a Half-Body --
12.5.2. Source and Sink of Equal Strengths --
12.5.3. Flow about a Doublet --
12.5.4. Flow about a Rankine Body --
12.5.5. Flow about a Circular Cylinder --
12.5.6. Flow about a Circular Cylinder with Circulation --
12.6. Inviscid Flow past an Airfoil --
12.7. Summary --
Problems --
13.1. Laminar and Turbulent Boundary-Layer Flow --
13.2. Equations of Motion for the Boundary Layer --
13.3. Laminar Boundary-Layer Flow over a Flat Plate --
13.4. Momentum Integral Equation --
13.5. Momentum Integral Method for Laminar Flow over a Flat Plate --
13.6. Momentum Integral Method for Turbulent Flow over a Flat Plate --
13.7. Laminar and Turbulent Boundary-Layer Flow over a Flat Plate --
13.8. Summary --
Problems. Fundamental Concepts --
Fluid Statics --
Basic Equations of Fluid Mechanics --
Dimensional Analysis and Dynamic Similitude --
Flow in Closed Conduits --
Flow Over Immersed Bodies --
Flow in Open Channels --
Compressible Flow --
Turbomachinery --
Measurements in Fluid Mechanics --
The Navier-Stokes Equations --
Inviscid Flow --
Boundary-Layer Flow --
Appendix A: Conversion Factors and Properties of Substances --
Appendix B: Geometric Elements and Plane Areas --
Appendix C: Pipe and Tube Specifications --
Appendix D: Compressible Flow Tables --
Appendix E: Miscellaneous.
Responsibility: William S. Janna.

Abstract:

"Introduction to Fluid Mechanics, Fifth Edition uses equations to model phenomena that we see and interact with every day. Placing emphasis on solved practical problems, this book introduces circumstances that are likely to occur in practice--reflecting real-life situations that involve fluids in motion. It examines the equations of motion for turbulent flow, the flow of a nonviscous or inviscid fluid, and laminar and turbulent boundary-layer flows. The new edition contains new sections on experimental methods in fluids, presents new and revised examples and chapter problems, and includes problems utilizing computer software and spreadsheets in each chapter. The book begins with the fundamentals, addressing fluid statics and describing the forces present in fluids at rest. It examines the forces that are exerted on a body moving through a fluid, describes the effects that cause lift and drag forces to be exerted on immersed bodies, and examines the variables that are used to mathematically model open-channel flow. It discusses the behavior of fluids while they are flowing, covers the basic concepts of compressible flow (flowing gases), and explains the application of the basic concepts of incompressible flow in conduits. This book presents the control volume concept; the continuity, momentum, energy, and Bernoulli equations; and the Rayleigh, Buckingham pi, and inspection methods. It also provides friction factor equations for the Moody diagram, and includes correlations for coiled and internally finned tubes. In addition, the author concludes each chapter with a problems section, groups the end-of-chapter problems together by topic, [and] arranges problems so that the easier ones are presented first. Introduction to Fluid Mechanics, Fifth Edition offers a basic analysis of fluid mechanics designed for a first course in fluids. This latest edition adds coverage of experimental methods in fluid mechanics, and contains new and updated examples that can aid in understanding and applying the equations of fluid mechanics to common, everyday problems." -- Publisher's description

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