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An introduction to organic geochemistry

Author: S D Killops; V J Killops
Publisher: Harlow, Essex, England : Longman Scientific & Technical ; New York : Wiley, 1993.
Series: Geochemistry series.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
"An Introduction to Organic Geochemistry explores the fate of organic matter in the geosphere, from its biological origins to its long-term preservation in sedimentary rock, through various biogeochemical transformations and recycling processes. The text focuses on the formation of organic-rich sedimentary deposits and fossil fuels but also covers other important areas of environmental geochemistry, notably  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Einführung
Additional Physical Format: Online version:
Killops, S.D. (Stephen Douglas), 1953-
Introduction to organic geochemistry.
Harlow, Essex, England : Longman Scientific & Technical ; New York : Wiley, 1993
(OCoLC)644051186
Material Type: Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: S D Killops; V J Killops
ISBN: 0582080401 9780582080409 0470220732 9780470220733
OCLC Number: 27895324
Description: xi, 265 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm.
Contents: Machine derived contents note: Preface. --
1 Carbon, the Earth and life. --
1.1 Carbon and the basic requirements of life. --
1.2 Chemical elements, simple compounds and their origins. --
1.3 The origin of life. --
1.4 Evolution of life and the atmosphere. --
1.5 Major contributors to sedimentary organic matter. --
2 Chemical composition of biogenic matter. --
2.1 Structure of natural products. --
2.2 Carbohydrates. --
2.3 Amino acids and proteins. --
2.4 Lipids. --
2.5 Lignins, tannins and related compounds. --
2.6 Nucleotides and nucleic acids. --
2.7 Geochemical implications of compositional variation. --
3 Production, preservation and degradation of organic matter. --
3.1 How and why organic-rich deposits form. --
3.2 Controls on primary production. --
3.3 Preservation and degradation of organic matter. --
3.4 Depositional environments associated with accumulation of organic matter. --
4 Long-term fate of organic matter in the geosphere. --
4.1 Diagenesis. --
4.2 Humic material. --
4.3 Coal. --
4.4 Kerogen. --
4.5 Catagenesis and metagenesis. --
4.6 Temporal and geographical distribution of fossil organic carbon. --
5 Chemical stratigraphy. --
5.1 Biologically mediated transformations. --
5.2 Examples of source indicators in recent sediments. --
5.3 Diagenesis at the molecular level. --
5.4 Source and environment indicators in ancient sediments and oil. --
5.5 Thermal maturity and molecular transformations. --
5.6 Palaeotemperature and age measurement. --
5.7 Maturity of ancient sedimentary organic matter. --
5.8 Isotopic palaeontology. --
6 The carbon cycle and climate. --
6.1 Global carbon cycle. --
6.2 Changes in carbon reservoirs over geological time. --
6.3 Palaeoclimatic variations. --
6.4 Isotopic excursions at period boundaries. --
6.5 Human influence on the carbon cycle. --
7 Anthropogenic carbon and the environment. --
7.1 Introduction. --
7.2 Halocarbons. --
7.3 Hydrocarbon pollution in aquatic environments. --
7.4 Endocrine disrupting chemicals. --
7.5 Environmental behaviour of selected xenobiotic compounds. --
7.6 Factors affecting the rate of anthropogenic components. --
Appendix 1: SI units used. --
Appendix 2: SI unit prefixes. --
Appendix 3: Geological timescale. --
References. --
Index.
Series Title: Geochemistry series.
Responsibility: S.D. Killops, V.J. Killops.
More information:

Abstract:

"An Introduction to Organic Geochemistry explores the fate of organic matter in the geosphere, from its biological origins to its long-term preservation in sedimentary rock, through various biogeochemical transformations and recycling processes. The text focuses on the formation of organic-rich sedimentary deposits and fossil fuels but also covers other important areas of environmental geochemistry, notably pollution." "Geology, geochemistry and environmental science undergraduates and postgraduates, as well as students of ecology and oceanography, will find this text an essential introduction to organic geochemistry. Petroleum geologists and organisations involved in petroleum exploration will also find it an invaluable source of information." "Key topics covered include the global carbon cycle and natural processes; production and chemical composition of biogenic matter; environments associated with accumulation of organic-rich sediments; biogeochemical and thermal alteration in sediments, soil and water column; formation, occurrence and exploration of fossil fuels; man's influence on biogeochemical cycles, including global climate change; and factors affecting the behaviour of pollutants in the environment." "Stephen and Vanessa Killops have structured the text to accommodate readers with varied scientific backgrounds. Essential terminology is defined fully and boxes are used to explain concepts introduced from other disciplines. Further study is aided by the incorporation of carefully selected literature references."--BOOK JACKET.

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