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An introduction to policing

Author: John S Dempsey; Linda S Forst
Publisher: Belmont, CA : Thomson/Wadsworth, ©2008.
Edition/Format:   Book : English : 4th edView all editions and formats
Database:WorldCat
Summary:
Designed to give a general overview of policing in our society, with a new chapter added to reflect the increasing emphasis on policing and homeland security.
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Material Type: Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: John S Dempsey; Linda S Forst
ISBN: 9780495095453 0495095451
OCLC Number: 122266094
Description: xviii, 556 p. : ill. ; 26 cm.
Contents: pt. 1. Police history and organization --
ch. 1. Police history --
[1A]. Early police --
[1B]. English policing : our English heritage --
Early history --
Seventeenth century and thief-takers --
Henry Fielding --
Peel's police : the Metropolitan Police for London --
[1C]. American policing : the colonial experience --
The north : the watch --
The south : slave patrols --
[1D]. American policing : eighteenth and nineteenth centuries --
The urban experience --
The southern experience --
The frontier experience --
[1E]. American policing : twentieth century --
Policing from 1900 to 1969 --
Policing in the 1960s and 1970s --
Policing in the 1980s and 1990s --
Policing in the 2000s --
ch. 2. Organizing public and private security in the United States --
[2A]. The U.S. public and private security industry --
[2B]. Local law enforcement --
Metropolitan law enforcement --
County law enforcement --
Rural and small-town law enforcement --
Indian country and tribal law enforcement --
[2C]. State law enforcement --
[2D]. Federal law enforcement --
Department of Justice --
Department of the Treasury --
Department of Homeland Security (DHS) --
Department of the Interior --
Department of Defense --
U.S. Postal Service --
Other federal enforcement agencies --
Joint federal and local task force approach to law enforcement --
[2E]. International police --
[2F]. Private security --
What is private security --
Size and scope of the private security industry --
Why do we have private security? --
Private security standards today --
Professionalization of private security --
College education and private security --
Homeland security and private security --
[2G]. Private investigations --
[2H]. Private employment of public police. ch. 3. Organizing the police department --
[3A]. Organizing the department --
managerial concepts --
Division of labor --
Managerial definitions --
Managers/supervisors or leaders? --
Traditional organizational model and structure --
Chain of command (hierarchy of authority) --
Span of control --
Delegation of responsibility and authority --
Unit of command --
Rules, regulations, and discipline --
[3B]. Alternative organizational models and structures --
[3C]. Organizing by personnel --
The Civil Service System --
Sworn and nonsworn (civilian) personnel --
Rank structure --
Other personnel --
Some personnel issues --
[3D]. Organizing by area --
Beats --
Precincts/districts/stations --
[3E]. Organizing by times --
The three-tour system --
Tour conditions --
Steady (fixed) tours --
[3F]. Organizing by function or purpose --
Line and staff (support) functions --
Police department units. pt. 2. The personal side of policing --
ch. 4. Becoming a police officer --
[4A]. Finding information on jobs and policing --
[4B]. Standards in police selection --
Physical requirements --
Smoking --
Age requirements --
Education requirements --
Prior drug use --
Criminal records restrictions --
[4C]. The recruitment process --
[4D]. The job analysis --
[4E]. The selection process --
Characteristic of good police officers --
Written entrance examinations --
Physical agility test --
Polygraph examination --
Oral interview --
Background investigation --
Psychological appraisal --
Medical examination --
[4F]. The police training process --
Recruit training --
The police academy --
Field training --
Firearms training --
In-service, management, and specialized training --
Training for the police corps ---
Community policing training --
Probationary period --
ch. 5. The police role and police discretion --
[5A]. The police role --
Crime-fighting role --
Order maintenance role --
Ambiguity of the police role --
The role of the police in the aftermath of September 11, 2001 --
[5B]. Goals and objectives of policing --
Primary goals and objectives --
Secondary goals and objectives --
[5C]. Police operational styles --
[5D]. Police discretion --
What is discretion? --
How is discretion exercised? --
Why is discretion exercised? --
What factors influence discretion? --
How can discretion be controlled? --
[5E]. Police discretion and police shootings and the use of deadly force --
Police use of force --
Number of citizens shot by the police --
Do police discriminate with their trigger fingers? --
Departure from the "fleeing felon" rule --
Firearms training --
Less-than-lethal force. ch. 6. Police culture, personality, and stress --
[6A]. The police culture and subculture --
The blue wall of silence --
[6B]. The police personality --
What is the police personality? --
Are they born like that, or is it the job? --
Police cynicism --
The Dirty Harry problem --
[6C]. Police stress --
What is stress? --
Nature of stress in policing --
Factors causing stress in policing --
Effects of stress on police officers --
Stress and police families --
Police departments dealing with stress --
[6D]. Police suicide --
[6E]. Police danger --
Officers killed in the line of duty --
Officers assaulted in the line of duty --
Police and AIDS --
ch. 7. Minorities in policing --
[7A]. Discrimination in policing --
Discrimination against women --
Discrimination against African Americans --
[7B]. How did women and minorities strive for equality? --
The Civil Rights Act of 1964 --
The Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 --
The Equal Employment Opportunity Act of 1972 --
The Civil Rights Act of 1991 --
Federal courts and job discrimination --
Affirmative Action programs --
[7C]. White male backlash --
[7D]. Can minorities do the job? --
Academic studies --
[7E]. Minorities in policing today --
Female representation --
African American representation --
Hispanic representation --
Asian representation --
Muslim representation --
Gay and lesbian representation --
[7F]. Problems persist for minorities in policing --
Problems for women --
Problems for African Americans --
Problems for other minorities. ch. 8. Police ethics and police deviance --
[8A]. Ethics and the police --
[8B]. The dilemma of law versus order --
[8C]. Review of the police --
[8D]. Police corruption --
Corruption makes good books and films --
Examples of police corruption --
Reasons for police corruption --
Types and forms of corruption --
Noble cause corruption --
Effects of police corruption --
[8E]. Other police misconduct --
Drug-related corruption --
Sleeping on duty --
Police deception --
Sex-related corruption --
Domestic violence in police families --
[8F]. Biased-based policing --
[8G]. Police brutality --
[8H]. Response to police corruption --
Investigations --
Discipline and termination --
Preventative administrative actions --
Citizen oversight --
[8I]. Police civil and criminal liability --
State liability --
Federal liability --
Reasons for suing police officers --
Effects of lawsuits on police department and officers --
The emotional toll. pt. 3. Police operations --
ch. 9. Police operations --
[9A]. Traditional methods of police work --
[9B]. Police patrol operations --
Activities of the patrol officer --
The legacy of O.W. Wilson --
[9C]. Evaluating the effectiveness of police work --
[9D]. Random routine patrol : the Kansas City study --
The Kansas City study in brief --
Results of the Kansas City study --
Critiques of the Kansas City study --
Value of the Kansas City study --
[9E]. Rapid response to citizens' 911 calls --
Early studies of rapid response --
Later studies of rapid response --
Academic studies of the police patrol function --
From the foot beat to the patrol car --
Return to foot patrol --
[9F]. Patrol innovations : working smarter --
[9G]. Evidence-based policing --
[9H]. Modern response to citizens' 911 calls --
Directed patrol --
Split-force patrol --
Differential response to calls for service and the 911 system --
[9I]. Allocation of resources --
Personnel --
Vehicles --
[9J]. Alternative strategies --
Uniformed tactical operations --
Decoy vehicles --
Alternative vehicle deployment --
[9K]. Police traffic operations --
Police automobile pursuits --
Studies involving police pursuits --
The evolution of pursuits --
Efforts against drunk drivers --
Fighting aggressive driving --
[9L]. Other police operational units --
SWAT teams --
Emergency service units --
K-9 units. ch. 10. Investigations --
[10A]. Retroactive investigation of past crimes by detectives --
[10B]. Detective operations --
What detectives do --
The detective mystique --
[10C]. Alternatives to retroactive investigation of past crimes by detectives --
Improved investigation of past crimes --
Managing criminal investigations (MCI) --
Mentoring and training --
[10D]. Crime analysis and information management --
Crime analysis --
Information management --
Multi-agency investigative task forces --
Repeat offender programs (ROPs) --
Internet registries --
Global Positioning System (GPS) technology --
Closed-circuit TV --
Cold-case squads --
[10E]. New Proactive tactics --
Decoy operations --
Stakeout operations --
Sting operations --
Civil liability and code enforcement teams --
[10F]. Undercover operations --
Police undercover investigations --
Federal undercover investigations --
Private security underground investigations --
Drug undercover investigations --
[10G]. Entrapment --
ch. 11. Police and the community --
[11A]. The need for proper police community relationships --
[11B]. Human relations, public relations, community relations --
[11C]. Public opinion and the police --
[11D]. Police and minority communities --
Multiculturalism --
African American s--
Hispanic Americans --
Asian Americans --
Native Americans --
Arab Americans and Muslims --
Jews --
Women --
Gays and lesbians --
New immigrants --
The physically challenged --
[11E]. Police and special populations --
The aging population --
Young people --
Crime victims --
Victims of domestic violence --
The mentally ill --
The homeless --
[11F]. Community crime prevention programs --
Neighborhood watch programs --
National Night Out --
Citizen patrols --
Citizen volunteer programs --
Home security surveys and operation identification --
Police storefront stations or ministations --
Crime Stoppers --
Mass media campaigns --
Chaplain programs --
Citizen police academies --
Other police-sponsored crime prevention programs --
[11G]. Police and business cooperation ---
ch. 12. Community policing : the debate continues --
[12A]. Corporate strategies for policing --
[12B]. The philosophy of community policing and problem-solving policing --
[12C]. Community policing --
[12D]. Problem-solving policing --
[12E]. Successful examples of problem-oriented policing --
[12F]. Community policing today --
Resident officer programs : the ultimate in community policing? --
[12G]. The federal government and community policing --
The crime bill --
Office of community oriented policing services (COPS) --
Community policing consortium --
[12H]. Some accomplishments of community policing --
[12I}. Not all agree with community policing --
[12J]. Homeland security and the future of community policing --
ch. 13. Police and the law --
[13A]. Crime in the United States --
How much do we measure crime? --
How much crime occurs in the United States? --
Arrests in the United States --
[13B]. The police and the U.S. Constitution. pt. 4. Critical issues in policing --
ch. 14. Computers, technology, and criminalistics in policing --
[14A]. Computers in policing --
Computer-aided dispatch (CAD) --
Automated databases --
Automated crime analysis (crime mapping) --
Computer-aided investigation (computerized case management) --
Computer-assisted instruction --
Administrative uses of computers --
Computer networks and the Internet --
[14B]. Fingerprint technology --
Basic categories of fingerprints --
Automated fingerprint identification systems --
Automated palm print technology --
[14C]. Less-than-lethal weapons --
Chemical irritant sprays --
The taser and other stun devices --
Safety and effectiveness of less-than-lethal weapons --
[14D]. Surveillance technology --
Surveillance vans --
Vehicle tracking systems --
Night vision devices --
Global positioning systems --
Surveillance aircraft --
Electronic video surveillance --
[14E]. Advanced photographic techniques --
Digital photography --
Mug shot imaging --
Age-progression photographs --
Composite sketches --
[14F]. Modern forensics or criminalistics --
The CSI effect --
The modern crime lab --
Crime lab accreditation --
[14G]. DNA profiling/genetic fingerprinting --
The science of DNA --
History of DNA in the U.S. courts --
Current technology --
DNA databases --
Other current DNA issues --
[14H]. Biometric identification --
[14I]. Videotaping --
[14J]. Robotics --
[14K]. Robotics --
[14L]. Concerns about technology and civil liberties. ch. 15. Homeland Security --
[15A]. Terrorism --
International terrorism --
Domestic terrorism --
[15B]. Methods of investigating terrorism --
Proactive methods --
Reactive methods --
[15C]. Post-September 11, 2001, response to terrorism and homeland defense --
[15D]. Federal law enforcement efforts for homeland security --
Department of Homeland Security --
The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) --
Other federal agencies --
[15E]. State and local law enforcement efforts for homeland security --
[15F]. Private security efforts for homeland security --
[15G]. 9/11 Commission's review of efforts for homeland security --
[15H]. Security versus civil liberties --
Notes --
Glossary --
Bibliography --
Index.
Responsibility: John S. Dempsey, Linda S. Forst.
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Abstract:

Offers a look at the rewards and the stress that are part of police work. This book provides information on the various roles of the police: who the police are, what they do, and how they do it. It  Read more...

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