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Introduction to sociology

Author: Theodor W Adorno; Christoph Gödde; E F N Jephcott
Publisher: Stanford, Calif. : Stanford University Press, 2000.
Edition/Format:   Book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Database:WorldCat
Summary:
"This book, comprised of lectures given by Adorno towards the end of his life, provides an introduction to his historical and conceptual engagement with sociology. In these lectures we find a somewhat different Adorno from the author of the densely-wrought texts published in his lifetime." "These lectures were held at the time of the "positivist dispute" in German sociology, when Adorno was defending the position of  Read more...
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Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Theodor W Adorno; Christoph Gödde; E F N Jephcott
ISBN: 0804739331 9780804739337
OCLC Number: 43398527
Description: ix, 198 p. ; 24 cm.
Contents: Professional prospects and intentions of sociologists --
Sociology as educational study and as socially useful work --
Difficulties in planning a course of study --
The university as school and academic freedom --
Gaps and leaps when studying --
Discontinuity of knowledge --
Introduction e contrario --
Sociology as agglomerate --
The inhomogeneity of sociology in Comte: the scientific and the philosophical ideal --
Antagonism within sociology --
Sociology's stance towards politics --
Negation of truth, methodological dispute and technocracy --
Affirmative character of sociology in Comte: static and dynamic; theory of productive forces in Marx --
Pareto: circulation of elites and cycle of history --
Sociology is insight into the essential in society; against definitions --
'Bad infinity' of the subject matter of sociology; interest in the essential and 'dregs of the world of phenomena' --
Praxis --
Back to the question of the essential --
Positivism's standpoint towards the concept of essence: positivist sociology guided by research methods and set tasks; the research technician --
Relationship of essence to appearance --
The objective laws of motion of society; the concepts of class and class-consciousness --
Class-consciousness and integration; relationship to empiricism --
The concept of essence --
The problem of pragmatism: relationship of theory and praxis --
The concept of society --
Dialectical sociology and praxis; standpoint towards reform --
Society not definable --
Types of society and the dialectical concept of society --
Albert's polemic against the abstract concept of society --
The objective ground for abstraction: the exchange relationship; 'society' as a functional concept; critique of the positivist criterion of the meaning of facts --
Mediation --
Announcement of lecture by Frederick Wyatt on American student protests --
Continuation of analysis of the concept of society; Durkheim's concept of the 'impenetrable' --
Critique of Durkheim's hypostasizing of society as a 'second-degree datum' --
The dialectical concept of society --
The dialectical mediation of individual and society --
The dynamic principle of the expansion of capitalism --
Spencer's definition of the dynamic as advancing integration --
Integration and adaptation --
The historical dialectic of integration and differentiation --
Relapse into metaphysics? Against organicist and holistic notions of society --
Alienation --
Antagonism of interests and growing irrationality of society; integration and disintegration in fascism --
Society --
a metaphysical concept? Scheuch's polemic --
Regression to pre-critical thinking? --
Mediation between fact and concept; the situation in Berlin after the assassination attempt on Dutschke; prognosis --
The selection of examples in the lectures --
The press campaign against the Berlin students --
The illusion of concreteness --
The example of political education --
The paradox of societal experience; empiricism and restricted experience --
The idea of unregimented experience --
Problems of the subdivision of sociology: general and specialist sociology; historical development of sociology; sociology and philosophy --
Saint-Simon and Comte --
The so-called 'hyphensociologies'; danger of concretism --
Excursus on university reform: autonomy of scholarship or 'learning factories' --
Theoretical sociology not an abstract generality --
The importance of comparative insights; ethnology and anthropology; 'concrete totality' --
Sociology not a sum of individual findings; the concept of science --
Formalization as panacea? --
The problem of specialization --
Historical development of the tendency towards formalization (Simmel) --
The weakness of formal sociology: the model of the 'sociology of conflict' --
So-called 'value-neutrality' --
The relationship of method to subject matter --
Critique of the separation of method and subject matter --
Subject and object of sociology intertwined --
The fruitfulness of sociological material; the Darmstadt community studies --
The method should be derived from the subject matter; the self-sufficiency of method; the scaling technique --
The aporia of quantitative and qualitative knowledge --
Attempted solutions: the 'clinical interview'; 'singular sphere' and 'sphere of plurality' --
Fetishization of method and loss of the 'transcendental loci' --
Disagreement over method: Durkheim and Max Weber; the problem of value freedom --
Dispute over method in the history of dogma --
Conjuring away of the concept --
Narrowing by methodology --
Continuation of the discussion of method; the dispute over method is a dispute over content --
The relationship of method to content in Durkheim and Max Weber; the unintelligible in chosisme --
Max Weber's demand for intelligibility --
Compulsion to form a dialectical theory of society --
Choice of method not fortuitous --
Configuration --
Critique of ideology --
Stimulus and response --
Lasswell's 'content analysis' --
Quantitative and qualitative moments --
Analysis of mental products --
Problems of quantitative analysis; the falsifiability of hypotheses (Popper); reification --
Polyvalency of 'items' --
Cui bono --
The idea of the whole --
The social content of intellectual formations; their twofold character --
The role of the history of dogma in sociology; talk about obsolescence --
Example from the history of dogma: Comte, Spencer, Tarde --
The not-obsolete --
Demarcation of sociology from other disciplines; necessity of a division of labour --
Specifically sociological methods --
Techniques of empirical social research --
Critique of the demand for a sociology which 'seeks to be nothing but sociology': sociology is not a 'subject' --
Difficulty of limiting the field of sociology --
Definition of sociology in Max Weber; the concept of 'social action' --
The interpretation of social action: social 'meaning' --
Reflection on the division of labour by reference to the whole --
Danger of self-sufficiency of sociological reflection --
Every area of subject matter seeks to transcend itself; the concrete unity of society --
Social moments and connections within individual areas: the model of psychoanalysis --
The concept of the 'vital need'; the sphere of 'archaic images' --
Incidental comment on Jung's theory of the collective unconscious --
Freud's dialectical analysis of the individual; the ego and the id --
The super-ego --
The dialectic of the particular and the general in Freud --
Individual and society; Durkheim's theory of suicide --
Death of Fritz Bauer --
Announcement of a lecture by Ernesto Grassi on Vico --
'Pure' sociology is being reduced to applied statistics --
The ideal type and historical material in Max Weber --
Against the autonomy of concepts --
Max Weber as 'not found in the official guide'; Max Weber's sociology of authority --
The 'a-historical' construction of the ideal types: the model of charismatic authority --
The dubious ideal of the 'purity' of a discipline; fear of contact with other disciplines --
Fetishism of 'the scientific' and prescientific experience; the restricted experience of pure science --
Preliminary remark on further course of the lectures --
Fetishization of science; the motif of sociology's claim to power; Plato's conception of the philosopher-kings; Mannheim's notion of the 'free-floating intellectuals' --
Intention and social content in the history of dogma; Comte and Spencer --
Sociology's demand for dominance today: the control of social situations; the Mayo study --
The irrational in the seeming rationality of bourgeois society --
The cult of the small irrational group; 'cow sociology' --
Sociology as an agency of social control; the technocratization of the sociological ideal --
The task of criticism --
Subject and object in sociology --
'Administrative research' and the ideal of total administration --
Separation of sociology and social philosophy? --
The ideological function of the abstract scientific division of labour --
The separation of sociology and political economy; justification of a call for political economy --
Abstraction from its own raison d'etre --
Self-reflection of science; the concept of political economy in Marx --
Affirmation --
Relationship to history --
The constitutive significance of history; history stored up in phenomena; the dimension of interpretation --
Public sphere and history --
The absolute status of the present moment --
Coincidence of the momentary and the reified; the blindness of anti-historical sociology --
Historical determinateness of knowledge: Marx's 'Theses on Feuerbach' --
Other examples: Durkheim and Max Weber; danger of intellectual history; the resistance of Marxian sociology to psychology; the role of the subjective factor; the culture industry.
Other Titles: Einleitung in die Soziologie (1968).
Responsibility: Theodor W. Adorno ; edited by Christoph Gödde ; translated by Edmund Jephcott.
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Abstract:

"This book, comprised of lectures given by Adorno towards the end of his life, provides an introduction to his historical and conceptual engagement with sociology. In these lectures we find a somewhat different Adorno from the author of the densely-wrought texts published in his lifetime." "These lectures were held at the time of the "positivist dispute" in German sociology, when Adorno was defending the position of the Frankfurt School against criticism from mainstream positivist sociologists. Adorno sets out a conception of sociology as a discipline going beyond the compilation and interpretation of empirical facts, its truth being inseparable from the essential structure of society itself. Adorno covers topics ranging from the purpose of studying sociology to the place of sociology in relation to other sciences, as he traces the history of the discipline and emphasizes that the historical context is constitutive of sociology itself." "This volume will be of interest to scholars, graduate students, and advanced undergraduates in sociology and social theory, literature and literary theory, philosophy, and cultural studies."--BOOK JACKET.

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