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Introduction to the Galois Correspondence

Author: Maureen H Fenrick Boston, MA : Birkhäuser Boston : Imprint : Birkhäuser, 1998. eBook : Document : English : Second editionView all editions and formats In this presentation of the Galois correspondence, modern theories of groups and fields are used to study problems, some of which date back to the ancient Greeks. The techniques used to solve these problems, rather than the solutions themselves, are of primary importance. The ancient Greeks were concerned with constructibility problems. For example, they tried to determine if it was possible, using straightedge and compass alone, to perform any of the following tasks? (1) Double an arbitrary cube; in particular, construct a cube with volume twice that of the unit cube. (2) Trisect an arbitrary angle. (3) Square an arbitrary circle; in particular, construct a square with area 1r. (4) Construct a regular polygon with n sides for n> 2. If we define a real number c to be constructible if, and only if, the point (c, 0) can be constructed starting with the points (0,0) and (1,0), then we may show that the set of constructible numbers is a subfield of the field R of real numbers containing the field Q of rational numbers. Such a subfield is called an intermediate field of Rover Q. We may thus gain insight into the constructibility problems by studying intermediate fields of Rover Q. In chapter 4 we will show that (1) through (3) are not possible and we will determine necessary and sufficient conditions that the integer n must satisfy in order that a regular polygon with n sides be constructible.  Read more... (not yet rated) 0 with reviews - Be the first.

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Genre/Form: Electronic books Print version: Document, Internet resource Internet Resource, Computer File Maureen H Fenrick Find more information about: Maureen H Fenrick 9781461217923 146121792X 853269049 1 online resource (xi, 244 pages) I. Preliminaries -- Groups and Rings -- 1. Introduction to Groups -- 2. Quotient Groups and Sylow Subgroups -- 3. Finite Abelian Groups and Solvable Groups -- 4. Introduction to Rings -- 5. Factoring in F[x] -- II. Field Extensions -- 1. Simple Extensions -- 2. Algebraic Extensions -- 3. Splitting Fields and Normal Extensions -- III. The Galois Correspondence -- 1. The Fundamental Correspondence -- 2. The Solvable Correspondence -- IV. Applications -- 1. Constructibility -- 2. Roots of Unity -- 3. Wedderburn's Theorem -- 3. Dirichlet's Theorem and Finite Abelian Groups -- Appendix A -- Groups -- 1. Group Actions and the Sylow Theorems -- 2. Free Groups, Generators and Relations -- Appendix B -- Factoring in Integral Domains -- 1. Euclidean Domains and Principal Ideal Domains -- 2. Prime and Irreducible Elements -- 3. Unique Factorization Domains -- Appendix C -- Vector Spaces -- 1. Subspaces, Linear Independence and Spanning -- 2. Bases and Dimension. by Maureen H. Fenrick.

Abstract:

In this presentation of the Galois correspondence, modern theories of groups and fields are used to study problems, some of which date back to the ancient Greeks. The techniques used to solve these problems, rather than the solutions themselves, are of primary importance. The ancient Greeks were concerned with constructibility problems. For example, they tried to determine if it was possible, using straightedge and compass alone, to perform any of the following tasks? (1) Double an arbitrary cube; in particular, construct a cube with volume twice that of the unit cube. (2) Trisect an arbitrary angle. (3) Square an arbitrary circle; in particular, construct a square with area 1r. (4) Construct a regular polygon with n sides for n> 2. If we define a real number c to be constructible if, and only if, the point (c, 0) can be constructed starting with the points (0,0) and (1,0), then we may show that the set of constructible numbers is a subfield of the field R of real numbers containing the field Q of rational numbers. Such a subfield is called an intermediate field of Rover Q. We may thus gain insight into the constructibility problems by studying intermediate fields of Rover Q. In chapter 4 we will show that (1) through (3) are not possible and we will determine necessary and sufficient conditions that the integer n must satisfy in order that a regular polygon with n sides be constructible.

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