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|Tipo de Material:||Documento, Recurso Internet|
|Tipo de Documento:||Recurso Internet, Arquivo de Computador|
|Todos os Autores / Contribuintes:||
James O Pickles; Ebooks Corporation.
|Descrição:||1 online resource.|
|Detalhes:||Mode of access: World Wide Web.|
|Conteúdos:||Front cover; An Introduction to the physiology of hearing; Copyright page; Contents; Preface to the fourth edition; From the preface to the first edition; Abbreviations; Reading plan; 1 The physics and analysis of sound; 1.1 The nature of sound; 1.2 The decibel scale; 1.3 Impedance; 1.4 The analysis of sound; 1.5 Linearity; 1.6 Summary; 2 The outer and middle ears; 2.1 The outer ear; 2.1.1 The pressure gain of the outer ear; 2.1.2 The outer ear as an aid to sound localization; 2.2 The middle ear; 2.2.1 Introduction; 2.2.2 The middle ear as an impedance transformer. 2.2.3 The middle ear muscles2.3 Summary; 2.4 Further reading; 3 The cochlea; 3.1 Anatomy; 3.1.1 General anatomy; 3.1.2 The organ of Corti; 3.1.3 The innervation of the organ of Corti; 3.2 The mechanics of the cochlea; 3.2.1 The travelling wave; 3.2.2 Current measurements of the travelling wave; 3.2.3 Theories of cochlear mechanics; 3.3 The fluid spaces of the cochlea; 3.3.1 The endolymphatic and perilymphatic spaces; 3.3.2 The endolymph; 3.3.3 The perilymph; 3.4 Hair cell responses; 3.4.1 Hair cell responses in vitro; 3.4.2 Inner hair cell responses in vivo. 3.4.3 Outer hair cell responses in vivo3.5 The gross evoked potentials; 3.5.1 The cochlear microphonic; 3.5.2 The summating potential; 3.5.3 The gross neural potentials; 3.6 Summary; 3.7 Further reading; 4 The auditory nerve; 4.1 Anatomy; 4.2 Physiology; 4.2.1 Response to tones; 4.2.2 Response to clicks; 4.2.3 Frequency resolution as a function of intensity and type of stimulation; 4.2.4 Response to complex stimuli; 4.3 Summary; 4.4 Further reading; 5 Mechanisms of transduction and excitation in the cochlea; 5.1 Introduction; 5.2 The structure of the transducer region. 5.2.1 Stereocilia and cuticular plate5.2.2 The cross-linking of stereocilia; 5.2.3 The mechanotransducer channels; 5.3 The electrophysiological analysis of mechanotransduction; 5.3.1 Cell membrane potentials; 5.3.2 Mechanotransduction; 5.4 The origin of sharp tuning in the cochlea; 5.4.1 Is an active process necessary theoretically?; 5.4.2 Models incorporating an active mechanical process; 5.4.3 Outer hair cells: needed for low thresholds and sharp tuning; 5.4.4 Active mechanical processes in the cochlea: cochlear emissions; 5.4.5 Motility in outer hair cells; 5.4.6 Cochlear micromechanics. 5.4.7 Conclusions on cochlear mechanical amplification5.5 Hair cells and neural excitation; 5.5.1 Stimulus coupling to inner and outer hair cells; 5.5.2 Activation of auditory nerve fibres; 5.5.3 Neurotransmitter release; 5.6 Cochlear non-linearity; 5.6.1 The non-linear growth of cochlear responses; 5.6.2 Two-tone suppression; 5.6.3 Combination tones; 5.7 Summary; 5.8 Further reading; 6 The subcortical nuclei; 6.1 Considerations in studying the auditory central nervous system; 6.2 The cochlear nuclei; 6.2.1 Output pathways; 6.2.2 Input pathways.|