Pickles, James O.
An Introduction to the Physiology of Hearing.
Bradford : BRILL, ©2012
James O Pickles
|注意：||6.2.3 The ventral binaural sound localization stream: the bushy cells of the anteroventral and posteroventral cochlear nucleus.|
|描述：||1 online resource (459 pages)|
|内容：||Front cover; An Introduction to the physiology of hearing; Copyright page; Contents; Preface to the fourth edition; From the preface to the first edition; Abbreviations; Reading plan; 1 The physics and analysis of sound; 1.1 The nature of sound; 1.2 The decibel scale; 1.3 Impedance; 1.4 The analysis of sound; 1.5 Linearity; 1.6 Summary; 2 The outer and middle ears; 2.1 The outer ear; 2.1.1 The pressure gain of the outer ear; 2.1.2 The outer ear as an aid to sound localization; 2.2 The middle ear; 2.2.1 Introduction; 2.2.2 The middle ear as an impedance transformer. 2.2.3 The middle ear muscles2.3 Summary; 2.4 Further reading; 3 The cochlea; 3.1 Anatomy; 3.1.1 General anatomy; 3.1.2 The organ of Corti; 3.1.3 The innervation of the organ of Corti; 3.2 The mechanics of the cochlea; 3.2.1 The travelling wave; 3.2.2 Current measurements of the travelling wave; 3.2.3 Theories of cochlear mechanics; 3.3 The fluid spaces of the cochlea; 3.3.1 The endolymphatic and perilymphatic spaces; 3.3.2 The endolymph; 3.3.3 The perilymph; 3.4 Hair cell responses; 3.4.1 Hair cell responses in vitro; 3.4.2 Inner hair cell responses in vivo. 3.4.3 Outer hair cell responses in vivo3.5 The gross evoked potentials; 3.5.1 The cochlear microphonic; 3.5.2 The summating potential; 3.5.3 The gross neural potentials; 3.6 Summary; 3.7 Further reading; 4 The auditory nerve; 4.1 Anatomy; 4.2 Physiology; 4.2.1 Response to tones; 4.2.2 Response to clicks; 4.2.3 Frequency resolution as a function of intensity and type of stimulation; 4.2.4 Response to complex stimuli; 4.3 Summary; 4.4 Further reading; 5 Mechanisms of transduction and excitation in the cochlea; 5.1 Introduction; 5.2 The structure of the transducer region. 5.2.1 Stereocilia and cuticular plate5.2.2 The cross-linking of stereocilia; 5.2.3 The mechanotransducer channels; 5.3 The electrophysiological analysis of mechanotransduction; 5.3.1 Cell membrane potentials; 5.3.2 Mechanotransduction; 5.4 The origin of sharp tuning in the cochlea; 5.4.1 Is an active process necessary theoretically?; 5.4.2 Models incorporating an active mechanical process; 5.4.3 Outer hair cells: needed for low thresholds and sharp tuning; 5.4.4 Active mechanical processes in the cochlea: cochlear emissions; 5.4.5 Motility in outer hair cells; 5.4.6 Cochlear micromechanics. 5.4.7 Conclusions on cochlear mechanical amplification5.5 Hair cells and neural excitation; 5.5.1 Stimulus coupling to inner and outer hair cells; 5.5.2 Activation of auditory nerve fibres; 5.5.3 Neurotransmitter release; 5.6 Cochlear non-linearity; 5.6.1 The non-linear growth of cochlear responses; 5.6.2 Two-tone suppression; 5.6.3 Combination tones; 5.7 Summary; 5.8 Further reading; 6 The subcortical nuclei; 6.1 Considerations in studying the auditory central nervous system; 6.2 The cochlear nuclei; 6.2.1 Output pathways; 6.2.2 Input pathways.|
Suitable for advanced undergraduates studying the special senses, and for clinicians in the specialty of Otorhinolaryngology, this title deals with the basic anatomy and physiology of all stages of the auditory system.