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Introduction to the Talmud; historical and literary introduction, legal hermeneutics of the Talmud, Talmudical terminology and methodology, outlines of Talmudic ethics.

Author: M Mielziner
Publisher: New York, Bloch Pub. Co., 1925.
Edition/Format:   Print book : English : 3d edView all editions and formats
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Genre/Form: Introductions
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: M Mielziner
OCLC Number: 1312278
Description: xiv, 395 pages 21 cm
Contents: Part I. Historical and literary introduction --
The Talmud and its component parts --
I. The Mishna --
Its origin, compilation and division --
Order of succession, names and general contents of its 63 tracts --
Language of the Mishna --
II. Works kindred to the Mishna --
Tosephta, Mechilta, Siphra, Siphre --
Fragmentary Baraithoth --
III. The authorites of the Mishna --
The Sopherim, the "Zugoth", the Tanaim --
The six generations of the latter --
Characteristics and biographical sketches of the principal Tanaim --
IV. The expounders of the Mishna --
Palestinian and Babylonian Amoraim --
Their division into generations --
Biographical sketches of the principle Amoraim --
V. The Gemara --
Classification of its contents into Halacha and Agada --
Compilation of the Palestinian and the Babylonian Gemara --
The two Gemaras compared with each other --
VI. Apocryphal appendices to the Talmud --
VII. Commentaries on the Talmud --
A. On the Babylonian Talmud --
B. Exclusively on the Mishna --
C. On the Palestinian Talmud --
VIII. Epitomes and codifications --
A. Compendiums of the Talmud, by Alfasi and by Asher b. Jechiel --
B. The codes, by Maimonides, by Moses of Coucy, by Jacob b. Asher and by Joseph Karo --
C. Collections of the Agadic portions of the Talmud --
IX. Manuscripts and printed editions --
X. Auxiliaries to the study of the Talmud --
A. Lexicons --
B. Grammars --
C. Chrestomathies --
D. Introductory works --
a. Older works --
b. Modern work in Hebrew --
c. Works and articles in modern languages --
d. Historical works --
e. Encyclopedical works --
f. Some other books of reference --
XI. Translations of the Talmud --
A. The Mishna --
B. the Babylonian --
C. The Palestinian Talmud --
XII. Bibliography --
Modern works and monographs on Talmudical subjects --
XIII. 1. Opinions on the value of the Talmud --
2. Why study the Talmud --
Part II. Legal hermeneutics of the Talmud --
1. Introduction --
Definition --
Plain and artificial interpretation --
Legal and Homiletical interpretation --
2. Origin and development of artificial interpretation --
Hillel's seven hermeneutic rules --
A new method by Nahum --
Development of this method, by R. Akiba --
The thirteen rules of R. Ishmael --
Literature --
Exposition of hermeneutic rules --
I. The inference from minor and major --
II. The analogy --
A. Gezera Shava --
B. Heckesh --
III. Generalization of special laws --
IV. The general and the particular --
V. Modifications of the rule of general and particular --
VI. 1. Explanation from the context --
2. Reconciliation of conflicting passages --
VII. Additional rules --
A. Juxtaposition --
B. Restrictions in the application of analogy --
C. Limited or unlimited effect of an analogy --
D. Refutation and reinstatement of hermeneutic arguments --
E. The theory of extension and limitation --
F. "Mikra" or "Masora" --
Closing remark --
Part III. Talmudical terminology and methodology --
Prefatory --
I. Terms and phrases regarding the structure of a Mishna paragraph --
II. Modes of treating an anonymous Mishna paragraph --
III. The Gemara criticizing the Mishna --
IV. Discussing the difference of opinion in a Mishna --
V. Quoting the Mishna and kindred works --
VI. Definition of and phrases concerning Memra --
VII. Treatment of a plain Memra --
VIII. Treatment of a Memra containing a difference of opinion --
IX. Asking and answering questions --
Classification --
1. Questions of investigation --
2. Questions of astonishment --
3. Questions of objection --
Some special kinds of objection --
The dilemma --
The rejoinder --
4. Questions of problem and their solution --
X. Argumentation --
1. Terms and phrases introducing an argument --
2. Classification of arguments --
a. Argument from common sense --
b. Argument from authority --
c. Argument from construction --
d. Argument from analogy --
e. Argument a fortiori --
3. Indirect argumentation --
4. Direct and indirect arguments combined --
XI. Refutation --
Definition and terms --
a. The refutation of a position --
b. Procedure of refuting the various kinds of arguments --
XII. The debate --
Definition and terms --
The principle debaters --
Illustration of a debate --
Anonymous discussions and debates.

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