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An introduction to x-ray physics, optics, and applications

Author: Carolyn A MacDonald
Publisher: Princeton : Princeton University Press, [2017] ©2017
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Carolyn A MacDonald
ISBN: 9781400887736 1400887739 0691139652 9780691139654
OCLC Number: 987474001
Notes: Includes index.
Description: 1 online resource
Contents: Cover; Title; Copyright; Dedication; CONTENTS; Preface; Acknowledgments; List of Constants and Variables; PART I. FOUNDATIONS; 1. INTRODUCTION; 1.1 The discovery; 1.2 What is an x ray?; 1.3 What makes x rays useful?; 1.4 The layout of the text; 1.5 The elusive hyphen; Problems ; Further reading; 2. A CASE STUDY: NUCLEAR MEDICINE; 2.1 Metastable emitters and half-life ; 2.2 A brief introduction to nuclear decay 2.3 Nuclear medicine2.4 Photon detection and scatter rejection; 2.5 Photon statistics; 2.6 SPECT; Problems ; Further reading; PART II. X-RAY GENERATION ; 3. THERMAL SOURCES AND PLASMAS; 3.1 Blackbody radiation; 3.2 Generation of very hot plasmas; 3.3 Plasma frequency; 3.4 Debye length; 3.5 Screening and the Debye length; 3.6 Fluctuations and the Debye length; Problems ; Further reading 4. CHARACTERISTIC RADIATION, X-RAY TUBES, AND X-RAY FLUORESCENCE SPECTROSCOPY 4.1 Introduction; 4.2 Core atomic levels; 4.3 Characteristic spectra; 4.4 Emission rates and intensity; 4.5 Auger emission; 4.6 Line widths; 4.7 X-ray fluorescence Problems Further reading; 5. SOURCE INTENSITY, DIVERGENCE, AND COHERENCE; 5.1 Intensity and angular intensity; 5.2 Photon intensity and photon angular intensity; 5.3 Brightness and brilliance; 5.4 Global divergence; 5.5 Local divergence; 5.6 X-ray tube design ; 5.7 Coherence; 5.8 Spatial coherence; 5.9 Temporal coherence; 5.10 In-line phase imaging Problems Further reading; 6. BREMSSTRAHLUNG RADIATION AND X-RAY TUBES ; 6.1 Field from a moving charge; 6.2 Radiation from an accelerating (or decelerating) charge; 6.3 Emission from a very thin anode; 6.4 Emission from a thick anode; 6.5 Efficiency
Responsibility: Carolyn A. MacDonald.

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A comprehensive introduction to the physics of a wide range of X-ray applications, optics and analysis tools.--Nature Photonics "Covering a broad range of topics, from x-ray scattering and Read more...

 
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