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Investigation of the strength of association between graphic symbology and military information

Author: Philip Bersh; Franklin L Moses; Richard E Maisano; U.S. Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences. Battlefield Information Systems Technical Area,
Publisher: Alexandria , VA : U. S. Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences, September 1978.
Series: Technical paper (U.S. Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences), 324.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : National government publication : EnglishView all editions and formats
Database:WorldCat
Summary:
This investigation sought to determine the strength of associations of simple codes or geometrical shapes with military concepts. Symbols were chosen for easy generation on computer displays or for ease of manual reproduction. Each of 114 enlisted men ranked battlefield information categories (e.g., Unit Level, Danger, and Firepower) in the order of their strength of association with different sets of symbols, with  Read more...
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Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Bersh, Philip.
Investigation of the strength of association between graphic symbology and military information
(OCoLC)5420156
Microfiche version:
Bersh, Philip.
Investigation of the strength of association between graphic symbology and military information
(OCoLC)7793449
Material Type: Document, Government publication, National government publication, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Philip Bersh; Franklin L Moses; Richard E Maisano; U.S. Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences. Battlefield Information Systems Technical Area,
OCLC Number: 227524181
Notes: Title from title screen (viewed Dec. 16, 2015).
"September 1978."
"Battlefield Information Systems Technical Area."
Description: 1 online resource ([7], 44 pages) : illustrations.
Series Title: Technical paper (U.S. Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences), 324.
Responsibility: Philip Bersh and Franklin L. Moses and Richard E. Maisano.

Abstract:

This investigation sought to determine the strength of associations of simple codes or geometrical shapes with military concepts. Symbols were chosen for easy generation on computer displays or for ease of manual reproduction. Each of 114 enlisted men ranked battlefield information categories (e.g., Unit Level, Danger, and Firepower) in the order of their strength of association with different sets of symbols, with numbers of each set varying in a single characteristic. In a related task, these persons were asked to rank order military branch or duty designations and tactical function terms by how well they were suggested by both geometrical symbols and miscellaneous 'stick' symbols. A second group of 137 enlisted persons had the reverse task of ranking symbols against one another for their strength of association with military concepts. Both groups of participants had only limited prior exposure to military symbology. Results suggest that 'natural'associations can be found between graphic codes or symbols and military concepts. Results were categorized as high, medium, minimal, and insignificant associations, based on the statistical significance of differences among ranks and on the degree of reflexive associations between symbols and concepts. The data gathered identify symbol characteristics for consideration in modifying current symbology. Natural codes or symbols based on such a consensus should be easily learned and interpreted.

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