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Iran : a country study

Author: Glenn E Curtis; Eric J Hooglund; Library of Congress. Federal Research Division.
Publisher: Washington, DC : Library of Congress, Federal Research Division, 2008.
Series: Area handbook series.
Edition/Format:   Book : English : 5th edView all editions and formats
Database:WorldCat
Summary:
From the Publisher: Offers a concise and objective examination of the dominant historical, geographic, social, economic, political, and military aspects of contemporary Iran. Contains five chapters on: Historical Setting, The Society and its Environment (covers geography, population, social systems, education, health, and welfare), The Economy (focuses on overview and sectorial analyses); Government and Politics  Read more...
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Genre/Form: History
Additional Physical Format: Online version:
Iran.
Washington, DC : Library of Congress, Federal Research Division, 2008
(OCoLC)623731240
Material Type: Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Glenn E Curtis; Eric J Hooglund; Library of Congress. Federal Research Division.
ISBN: 9780844411873 0844411876
OCLC Number: 213407459
Description: xlviii, 354 p. : ill., maps ; 24 cm.
Contents: Foreword --Acknowledgments --
Preface --
Table A: Chronology of important events --
Country profile --
Introduction --
1: Historical Setting / Shaul Bakhash --
Ancient Iran --
Pre-achaemenian Iran --
Immigration of the Medes and the Persians --
Achaemenian Empire, 550-330 BC --
Alexander the Great, the Seleucids, and the Parthians --
Sassanians, AD 224-642 --
Islamic conquest --
Invasions of the Mongols and Tamerlane --
Safavis, 1501-1722 --
Qajars, 1795-1925 --
Constitutional revolution --
World War I --
Era of Reza Shah, 1921-41 --
World War II and the Azarbaijan crisis --
Mossadeq and oil nationalization --
Post-Mossadeq era and the Shah's white revolution --
State and society, 1964-74 --
Renewed opposition --
Coming of the revolution --
Bakhtiar government --
Revolution --
Bazargan and the provisional government --
New constitution --
Bani Sadr Presidency --
Terror and repression --
Consolidation of the revolution --
Khomeini's last years --
Post-Khomeini era --
Rafsanjani presidency --
Khatami and the reform movement --
2: Society And Its Environment / Eric Hooglund --
Geography --
Topography --
Climate --
Environment --
Population --
Emigration --
Refugees --
Languages and peoples --
Persian language and people --
Other Indo-Iranian-speaking groups --
Turkic-speaking groups --
Semitic groups --
Armenians --
Structure of society --
Urban society --
Social class in contemporary Iran --
Urban migration --
Rural society --
Nomadic society --
Family --
Gender issues --
Traditional attitudes toward segregation of the sexes --
Female participation in the workforce --
Religion --
Shia Islam in Iran --
Sunni Muslims --
Non-Muslim minorities --
Education --
Health and welfare --
Medical personnel and facilities --
Heath hazards and preventative medicine --
Water supply and sanitation --
Welfare --
3: Economy / Hossein Akhavi-Pour --
Historical background --
Economy under the Pahlavis, 1925-79 --
Economy after the Islamic Revolution, 1979-present --
Role of government --
Human resources --
Labor force participation --
Unemployment --
Distribution of employment --
Organized labor --
National output measurements --
Gross domestic product --
Gross domestic expenditure --
Informal sector --
Petroleum industry --
Historical overview --
Oil production and reserves --
Oil refining and consumption --
Trade in oil and oil products --
Natural gas --
Petrochemicals --
Mining --
Agriculture, forestry, and fishing --
Crops and livestock --
Government agricultural policy --
Forestry --
Fishing --
Industry and construction --
Handicrafts --
Manufacturing --
Construction and housing --
Services --
Domestic trade and distribution --
Insurance --
Tourism --
Transportation and telecommunications --
Roads --
Railroads --
Water transport --
Air transport --
Electronic media and telecommunications --
Energy supply --
Fiscal and monetary policy --
Fiscal policy --
Banking monetary policy --
International trade and the balance of payments --
Imports --
Nonoil exports --
Balance of payments and debt --
Foreign-exchange system --
Foreign direct investment --
4: Government And Politics / Mark Gasiorowski --
Political dynamics --
Reformist comes to power --
Conservatives strike back --
Power struggle intensifies --
Reformists retreat --
Khatami's second term --
End of the Khatami era --
Government institutions --
Leader, or Faqih --
Assembly of experts --
President and cabinet --
Parliament --
Guardians council --
Expediency council --
Judiciary --
Problem of dual sovereignty --
Local government --
Electoral system --
Political parties and civil society --
Reformist coalition --
Centrist faction --
Conservative coalition --
Other political groups --
Civil society organizations --
Human rights --
Mass media and the arts --
Foreign policy --
Relations with Europe --
Relations with neighboring Arab countries --
Relations with other middle eastern countries --
Relations with neighbors to the north and east --
United States and Iran --
5: National Security / Jalil Roshandel --
Armed forces --
Historical background --
Command and control --
Decision making --
Organization, size, and equipment --
Special and irregular armed forces --
Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) --
Basij --
Arms acquisition --
Arms imports --
Domestic arms production --
Missiles --
Internal security --
Intelligence services --
Law enforcement ----
Military's relations with society --
Defense economics --
Military doctrine --
Legacy of the Iran-Iraq War --
Contemporary security policy --
Nuclear issues --
International reactions to Iran's nuclear program --
Nuclear facilities --
Appendix: Tables --
Bibliography --
Glossary --
Index --
Contributors --
Published country studies --
List of figures.
Series Title: Area handbook series.
Responsibility: Federal Research Division, Library of Congress ; edited by Glenn E. Curtis and Eric Hooglund.
More information:

Abstract:

From the Publisher: Offers a concise and objective examination of the dominant historical, geographic, social, economic, political, and military aspects of contemporary Iran. Contains five chapters on: Historical Setting, The Society and its Environment (covers geography, population, social systems, education, health, and welfare), The Economy (focuses on overview and sectorial analyses); Government and Politics (covers political institutions, political dynamics, and foreign policy); and National Security (covers military institutions and regional and national security problems/issues). Created by a multidisciplinary team of social scientists under the guidance of the Federal Research Division of the Library of Congress. This publication seeks to provide a basic understanding of Iranian society, striving for a dynamic rather than a static portrayal. Represents the analysis of the authors and should not be construed as an expression of an official U.S. government position, policy, or decision.

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schema:description"Foreword --Acknowledgments -- Preface -- Table A: Chronology of important events -- Country profile -- Introduction -- 1: Historical Setting / Shaul Bakhash -- Ancient Iran -- Pre-achaemenian Iran -- Immigration of the Medes and the Persians -- Achaemenian Empire, 550-330 BC -- Alexander the Great, the Seleucids, and the Parthians -- Sassanians, AD 224-642 -- Islamic conquest -- Invasions of the Mongols and Tamerlane -- Safavis, 1501-1722 -- Qajars, 1795-1925 -- Constitutional revolution -- World War I -- Era of Reza Shah, 1921-41 -- World War II and the Azarbaijan crisis -- Mossadeq and oil nationalization -- Post-Mossadeq era and the Shah's white revolution -- State and society, 1964-74 -- Renewed opposition -- Coming of the revolution -- Bakhtiar government -- Revolution -- Bazargan and the provisional government -- New constitution -- Bani Sadr Presidency -- Terror and repression -- Consolidation of the revolution -- Khomeini's last years -- Post-Khomeini era -- Rafsanjani presidency -- Khatami and the reform movement -- 2: Society And Its Environment / Eric Hooglund -- Geography -- Topography -- Climate -- Environment -- Population -- Emigration -- Refugees -- Languages and peoples -- Persian language and people -- Other Indo-Iranian-speaking groups -- Turkic-speaking groups -- Semitic groups -- Armenians -- Structure of society -- Urban society -- Social class in contemporary Iran -- Urban migration -- Rural society -- Nomadic society -- Family -- Gender issues -- Traditional attitudes toward segregation of the sexes -- Female participation in the workforce -- Religion -- Shia Islam in Iran -- Sunni Muslims -- Non-Muslim minorities -- Education -- Health and welfare -- Medical personnel and facilities -- Heath hazards and preventative medicine -- Water supply and sanitation -- Welfare -- 3: Economy / Hossein Akhavi-Pour -- Historical background -- Economy under the Pahlavis, 1925-79 -- Economy after the Islamic Revolution, 1979-present -- Role of government -- Human resources -- Labor force participation -- Unemployment -- Distribution of employment -- Organized labor -- National output measurements -- Gross domestic product -- Gross domestic expenditure -- Informal sector -- Petroleum industry -- Historical overview -- Oil production and reserves -- Oil refining and consumption -- Trade in oil and oil products -- Natural gas -- Petrochemicals -- Mining -- Agriculture, forestry, and fishing -- Crops and livestock -- Government agricultural policy -- Forestry -- Fishing -- Industry and construction -- Handicrafts -- Manufacturing -- Construction and housing -- Services -- Domestic trade and distribution -- Insurance -- Tourism -- Transportation and telecommunications -- Roads -- Railroads -- Water transport -- Air transport -- Electronic media and telecommunications -- Energy supply -- Fiscal and monetary policy -- Fiscal policy -- Banking monetary policy -- International trade and the balance of payments -- Imports -- Nonoil exports -- Balance of payments and debt -- Foreign-exchange system -- Foreign direct investment -- 4: Government And Politics / Mark Gasiorowski -- Political dynamics -- Reformist comes to power -- Conservatives strike back -- Power struggle intensifies -- Reformists retreat -- Khatami's second term -- End of the Khatami era -- Government institutions -- Leader, or Faqih -- Assembly of experts -- President and cabinet -- Parliament -- Guardians council -- Expediency council -- Judiciary -- Problem of dual sovereignty -- Local government -- Electoral system -- Political parties and civil society -- Reformist coalition -- Centrist faction -- Conservative coalition -- Other political groups -- Civil society organizations -- Human rights -- Mass media and the arts -- Foreign policy -- Relations with Europe -- Relations with neighboring Arab countries -- Relations with other middle eastern countries -- Relations with neighbors to the north and east -- United States and Iran -- 5: National Security / Jalil Roshandel -- Armed forces -- Historical background -- Command and control -- Decision making -- Organization, size, and equipment -- Special and irregular armed forces -- Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) -- Basij -- Arms acquisition -- Arms imports -- Domestic arms production -- Missiles -- Internal security -- Intelligence services -- Law enforcement ---- Military's relations with society -- Defense economics -- Military doctrine -- Legacy of the Iran-Iraq War -- Contemporary security policy -- Nuclear issues -- International reactions to Iran's nuclear program -- Nuclear facilities -- Appendix: Tables -- Bibliography -- Glossary -- Index -- Contributors -- Published country studies -- List of figures."@en
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