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|Additional Physical Format:||Print version:
Iron Age Hillforts in Britain and Beyond.
Oxford : OUP Oxford, ©2012
|Material Type:||Document, Internet resource|
|Document Type:||Internet Resource, Computer File|
|All Authors / Contributors:||
|Description:||1 online resource (369 pages)|
|Contents:||Cover; Contents; List of Illustrations; Abbreviations; 1. Defining Issues; Earthworks and enclosure; Size and distribution; Enclosure morphology; Topography and location; The 'pacification of prehistory' and the 'Celtic' paradigm; Hillfort interiors: buildings and their use; Resources and social implications; The function of hillforts; 2. History of Hillfort Studies; Early field survey and site description; Pioneers of hillfort survey and excavation; Hillfort excavation in Central and Western Europe; Defensive sequence and chronology; Wheeler and the historical paradigm. The 'new archaeology' and afterHillfort research since Danebury; Publication; The future of hillfort studies; 3. Anatomy of Hillfort Enclosure; Palisaded or stockaded enclosures; Ramparts; Ditches; Entrances; 'Unfinished' hillforts; Conclusions; 4. Inside and Outside of Hillforts; Hillfort interiors; Extramural settlement; 5. Hillforts in the Landscape; Hillfort environs: case studies; Oppida; Landscapes without hillforts; 6. Chronology; Neolithic camps and fortified sites; Bronze Age antecedents; Roman period occupation of hillforts; Post-Roman hillforts in Wales and the west. Early historic hillforts in northern BritainIrish ringforts; 7. Function 1: Defence; Warfare in prehistory; 'War cemeteries' and massacre sites; Evidence of destruction; 'Vitrified forts' and burnt ramparts; Chevaux-de-frise; Weaponry and sling-stone hoards; Ritualized warfare; Conclusions; 8. Function 2: Social, Economic, Ritual; Permanent, periodic, or seasonal occupation?; Central places, storage, redistribution, and status; Burial and funerary rituals; Excarnation and 'normative' burial; Other ritual or ceremonial roles; Currency bar hoards and metalworking; Conclusions. 9. Documentary SourcesCaesar, Tacitus, and classical sources; Irish literary sources; Early historic northern Britain; Conclusions; 10. Ethnographic Models; Pā sites of New Zealand; North American palisaded settlements; West African fortified villages and towns; Conclusions; 11. Conclusion: A Sense of Place; Artefacts as symbols; Hillforts and defence; Landmarks and the legacy of the past; Wessex divided; 'Developed' hillforts; Social and economic roles; Ceremonial, ritual, and burial; Hillforts and social hierarchies; Change through time; Epilogue; Bibliography; Index; A; B; C; D; E; F; G; H. Ij; k; l; m; n; o; p; q; r; s; t; u; v; w; y; z.|