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Iron Age Hillforts in Britain and Beyond.

Author: Dennis Harding
Publisher: Oxford : OUP Oxford, 2012.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Database:WorldCat
Summary:
Widely regarded as major visible field monuments of the Iron Age, hillforts are central to an understanding of later prehistoric communities in Britain and Europe from the later Bronze Age. With such a range of variants represented, no single explanation of their function or social significance could satisfy all possible interpretations of their role. While they are conventionally viewed as defence settlements or  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Harding, Dennis.
Iron Age Hillforts in Britain and Beyond.
Oxford : OUP Oxford, ©2012
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Dennis Harding
ISBN: 9780191626104 0191626104
OCLC Number: 830162673
Description: 1 online resource (369 pages)
Contents: Cover; Contents; List of Illustrations; Abbreviations; 1. Defining Issues; Earthworks and enclosure; Size and distribution; Enclosure morphology; Topography and location; The 'pacification of prehistory' and the 'Celtic' paradigm; Hillfort interiors: buildings and their use; Resources and social implications; The function of hillforts; 2. History of Hillfort Studies; Early field survey and site description; Pioneers of hillfort survey and excavation; Hillfort excavation in Central and Western Europe; Defensive sequence and chronology; Wheeler and the historical paradigm. The 'new archaeology' and afterHillfort research since Danebury; Publication; The future of hillfort studies; 3. Anatomy of Hillfort Enclosure; Palisaded or stockaded enclosures; Ramparts; Ditches; Entrances; 'Unfinished' hillforts; Conclusions; 4. Inside and Outside of Hillforts; Hillfort interiors; Extramural settlement; 5. Hillforts in the Landscape; Hillfort environs: case studies; Oppida; Landscapes without hillforts; 6. Chronology; Neolithic camps and fortified sites; Bronze Age antecedents; Roman period occupation of hillforts; Post-Roman hillforts in Wales and the west. Early historic hillforts in northern BritainIrish ringforts; 7. Function 1: Defence; Warfare in prehistory; 'War cemeteries' and massacre sites; Evidence of destruction; 'Vitrified forts' and burnt ramparts; Chevaux-de-frise; Weaponry and sling-stone hoards; Ritualized warfare; Conclusions; 8. Function 2: Social, Economic, Ritual; Permanent, periodic, or seasonal occupation?; Central places, storage, redistribution, and status; Burial and funerary rituals; Excarnation and 'normative' burial; Other ritual or ceremonial roles; Currency bar hoards and metalworking; Conclusions. 9. Documentary SourcesCaesar, Tacitus, and classical sources; Irish literary sources; Early historic northern Britain; Conclusions; 10. Ethnographic Models; Pā sites of New Zealand; North American palisaded settlements; West African fortified villages and towns; Conclusions; 11. Conclusion: A Sense of Place; Artefacts as symbols; Hillforts and defence; Landmarks and the legacy of the past; Wessex divided; 'Developed' hillforts; Social and economic roles; Ceremonial, ritual, and burial; Hillforts and social hierarchies; Change through time; Epilogue; Bibliography; Index; A; B; C; D; E; F; G; H. Ij; k; l; m; n; o; p; q; r; s; t; u; v; w; y; z.

Abstract:

Widely regarded as major visible field monuments of the Iron Age, hillforts are central to an understanding of later prehistoric communities in Britain and Europe from the later Bronze Age. With such a range of variants represented, no single explanation of their function or social significance could satisfy all possible interpretations of their role. While they are conventionally viewed as defence settlements or regional centres controlled by a social elite, this role has beenchallenged in recent years, and instead hillforts are being considered primarily as expressions of social identity wit.

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