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The Islamic Middle East : an historical anthropology

Author: Charles Lindholm
Publisher: Oxford, OX ; Cambridge, MA : Blackwell Pub., 1996.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Database:WorldCat
Summary:
This is an account of the origins, nature, and evolution of Islam. It explores the cultures of the Middle East in which Islam originated fourteen centuries ago and of the Arab, Persian and Turkish societies where it remains a powerful force. The author describes the rise of Islam and the Muslim empires, and shows how the evolution of Islam led to the development of Sufism and Shiism [note: reverse the inverted  Read more...
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Genre/Form: History
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Charles Lindholm
ISBN: 1557864217 9781557864215 1557864209 9781557864208
OCLC Number: 32665800
Description: xxvii, 324 pages : illustrations ; 23 cm
Contents: The Middle East: Assumptions and Problems --
The Middle East in Western Eyes --
Where is the Middle East? --
Equality and Individualism as Central Values --
Preconditions for Egalitarian Individualism --
Ways of Living --
The Ecological Framework --
The Bedouin Option --
Shepherds and Confederacies --
Independent Farmers of the Mountains --
The Dialectic of Desert and Sown --
Traditions of Authority and Freedom --
Continuities with Jahiliyya --
Emissaries and Exemplars: Types of Prophecy --
The Legacy of Gilgamesh --
The Limits of Authority --
The Social Construction of Egalitarianism --
Ibn Khaldun's Theory of Authority --
Group Feeling: the "Band of Brothers" --
Middle Eastern Kinship and Descent --
Complications in the Model --
State and Society: Prophets, Caliphs, Sultans, and Tyrants --
The Prophetic Age --
The Rise of Islam --
The Reconfiguration of Ordinary Life under Islam --
The State in Early Islam --
Tensions and Divisions --
Early Struggles for Authority --
The Rule of the Righteous --
Movements of Religious Resistance: Kharijites and Shi'ites --
Maintaining Secular Domination --
The Abbasid Rebellion --
The New Hierarchy of the Courtier --
Sacred and Secular Rulers --
The Quest for the Redeemer: the Qarmati --
Pragmatic Tribesmen: Buyids and Seljuks --
The Religious Option --
Novelties and Continuities --
The Ottoman Exception --
Other Experiments: Cavaliers and Assassins --
Reprise: the Uses and Abuses of Government --
Sacred Power: Reciters, Lawyers, Incarnations, and Saints --
The Essentials of Islam.
Responsibility: Charles Lindholm.

Abstract:

This study reveals that Islam is the most radically egalitarian of all religions and that far from being enslaved to the State, Muslim societies are fiercely individualistic and competitive. It sets  Read more...

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"Lindholm's contribution is amplified by his clarity of style and the many fine two-tone illustrations that accompany the text." <i>Journal of Near Eastern Studies</i>

 
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