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James Joseph Sylvester : Jewish mathematician in a Victorian world

Author: Karen Hunger Parshall
Publisher: Baltimore, MD : Johns Hopkins University Press, ©2006.
Edition/Format:   Book : Biography : EnglishView all editions and formats
Database:WorldCat
Summary:
This text offers a biography of James Joseph Sylvester & his work. A Cambridge student at first denied a degree because of his faith, Sylvester came to America to teach mathematics, becoming Daniel Coit Gilman's faculty recruit at Johns Hopkins in 1876 & winning the coveted Savilian Professorship of Geometry at Oxford in 1883.
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Genre/Form: Biography
History
Named Person: James Joseph Sylvester; James Joseph Sylvester; James Joseph Sylvester
Material Type: Biography, Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Karen Hunger Parshall
ISBN: 0801882915 9780801882913
OCLC Number: 61228767
Awards: Commended for AAP/Professional and Scholarly Publishing Awards: Biography and Autobiography 2006.
Description: xiii, 461 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
Contents: Acknowledgments --
Introduction : James Joseph Sylvester : the myth, the mathematician, the man --
ch. 1. Born to "the faith in which the founder of Christianity was educated" --
The Josephs of Liverpool --
The Abraham Joseph family of London --
The Royal Institution School, Liverpool --
ch. 2. A price of dissent --
Cambridge debates dissent --
Within the walls of St. John's --
A two-year hiatus --
Back at St. Jon's --
The 1837 tripos --
ch. 3. The hollow walls of academe --
An unexpected opportunity --
Professor of natural philosophy at University College London --
Looking beyond England --
Professor of mathematics at the University of Virginia --
Struggling against an "Adverse tide of affairs" --
ch. 4. Actuary by day ... mathematician by night --
The actuary : an emergent "Professional man" --
J.J. Sylvester, Esq., M.A., F.R.S., Actuary and secretary --
The Institute of Actuaries --
Divided loyalties : mathematician or actuary? --
Establishing a mathematical routine. ch. 5. Into the invariant-theoretic unknown --
The emergence of a theory of invariants --
Crafting the "new algebra" --
The problem of Syzygies --
From actuary to academic? --
ch. 6. A new beginning --
Changing responsibilities --
The Royal Military Academy, Woolwich --
Professor of mathematics once more --
A roving mathematical eye --
ch. 7. At war with the military --
First battle --
Temporary truce --
Second battle --
Hard-won victories --
ch. 8. The uneasy years --
Victorian England and educational reform --
Reform and the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich --
Mathematics misrepresented and misunderstood : taking on Huxley --
The BAAS and science education --
Poetry soothes the soul --
Life after Woolwich --
New possibilities on the horizon? --
ch. 9. Exploring familiar ground on unfamiliar territory --
First impressions --
Getting started --
Thriving in the graduate classroom --
Launching the American Journal of Mathematics --
Sustaining the American Journal of Mathematics. ch. 10. Tackling new challenges in a home away from home --
Sylvester and his early students --
From invariant theory to the theory of numbers --
From number theory to "universal algebra" --
A troubled transition to the theory of partitions --
Henry Smith is dead --
ch. 11. A bittersweet victory --
An Oxford in transition --
Between two worlds --
A rocky year --
Hopkins in Oxfordshire? --
ch. 12. The final transition --
Increasing signs of age --
An international competition --
A steady decline --
The final years --
Epilogue : James Joseph Sylvester : the man and his legacies --
Notes --
References --
Index.
Responsibility: Karen Hunger Parshall.
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Abstract:

Offers a biographical study of James Joseph Sylvester and his work. A Cambridge student at first denied a degree because of his faith, Sylvester came to America to teach mathematics, ultimately  Read more...

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A masterful biography. American Scientist 2006 An important and impressively documented contribution to the history of nineteenth-century mathematics. -- Craig G. Fraser Mathematical Reviews 2006 A Read more...

 
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