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Just business : new introductory essays in business ethics

Author: Tom Regan
Publisher: New York : Random House, ©1984.
Edition/Format:   Print book : English : 1st edView all editions and formats
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Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Tom Regan
ISBN: 0394329791 9780394329796
OCLC Number: 9556329
Description: xiv, 363 pages ; 24 cm
Contents: 1. Introduction / Tom Regan : Just business ; Business ethics ; Meta-ethics : Conceptual analysis ; Is there a correct method for answering moral questions? ; Some ways not to answer moral questions ; The ideal moral judgment ; No double standards allowed. Normative ethics : Consequentialist theories ; Utilitarianism ; Nonconsequentialism ; Legal and moral rights ; Legal and moral justice ; Some problems for rights theories ; Individual rights and the free market ; Another set of questions ; Property rights and the justice of the free market. 2. Preferential hiring / George Sher : The problem clarified ; Preferencial hiring defined ; Some useful distinctions ; Groups and individuals ; Past and future. The forward-looking arguments : The appeal to utility ; The appeal to equality ; The claims of the best qualified. The backward-looking argument : Preferential hiring as compensation ; The argument refined ; Implications of the argument ; Theory and practice ; Weber revisited. 3. Duties to one's employer / Kurt Baier : The problem explained ; Problems for the contract thesis : The contract thesis ; Definition of "duty" ; Types of duty-claim ; Types of duty ; The relative stringency of natural and artificial duties. A defense of the contract thesis : The role-duties of business employees ; Contractual freedom and laissez-faire capitalism ; Capitalism and the good of society ; The justification of the contract thesis ; Pareto-optimality and the good of society ; Welfare-state and planned-initial-state capitalism ; Capitalism and natural rights ; Employee role-duties under present conditions. 4. Individual rights in business / Patricia Werhane : Introduction ; Moral rights : Defining rights ; Indefeasible and defeasible rights ; Rights and duties ; The universality and equality of rights ; Political and economic rights ; The right to private ownership. The right to due process : Employment at will ; The right to due process in the workplace ; Policies for the institution of due process in the workplace. The rights to free expression and privacy : Free expression and whistle-blowing ; The right to free expression in the workplace ; Moral dilemmas ; Policies for protecting free expression in the workplace ; The right to privacy ; Confidentiality ; The privacy of outside activities ; The polygraph and privacy ; Policies for protecting privacy in the workplace. Conclusion: guaranteeing rights in employment. 5. Autonomy in the workplace / Adina Schwartz : The Lochner era and autonomy : The Lochner decisions ; The Lochner era's argument from autonomy ; A criticism. A realistic account of autonomy : Shaping one's circumstances by one's goals ; Shaping one's goals ; Summary. An alternative to the Lochner era's policies : A final rejection of the Lochner court's position ; A problem with our society's arrangement of employment ; Some current reforms ; The requisite changes. Summary. 6. Justice and injustice in business / David Braybrooke : Basic features of justice : Departures from the status quo ; Unequal advantages in the next status quo ; Unequal advantages at the start, in the prior status quo. Checking particular sorts of unjust departures : Persons unjust to firms; firms unjust to consumers ; Firms unjust to firms ; The employment relationship. Reforming general features of the status quo : Basic justice respecting needs and preferences: the problem ; Bearing with the problem or trying to resolve it. 7. Should business be regulated? / Tibor R. Machan : Introduction : The scope of regulation ; A brief history of regulation ; A noble compromise?. Definitions and distinctions : Regulation ; Some implications of the definition. Morality and regulation : The structure of moral arguments for regulation ; The defense based on ideals ; The utilitarian defense ; The defense based on rights ; Why regulation is wrong ; Conclusion. 8. Ethical issues in advertising / Alan Goldman : The free-market approach : The virtues of the free market ; The consistency of advertising with free-market competition ; Advertising and waste ; Indirect benefits: subsidizing the media ; Information and truth in advertising ; Indirect information ; Ideal information ; Non-rational persuasion ; Created demand. The rights approach : The question of regulation. Ethics for individual advertisers : Micro-level moral demands from macro-level functions and rights ; Advertising ethics, business ethics, and ethics. 9. Transnational transgressions / Henry Shue : Introduction : The advantages of being in two places at the same time ; A delicate balancing act. Equal pay for equal work? : Universal and everywhere ; "Leave it to the market" ; Literal equality? ; Analogical equality?. Equal rights and the setting of wages : Equality revisited ; Equality and wages ; Procedural equality in setting wages ; Can unions fulfill rights?. Are unions in the third world premature? : Transnationals as trustees of workers' welfare ; Third-world governments as trustees of their nations ; Are unions in the third world pointless? 10. The concept of corporate responsibility / Kenneth E. Goodpaster : Introduction : A case in point ; The point of a case. Defining moral responsibility : Business ethics ; Sense of "moral responsibility" ; Responsible thought and action ; Elements of moral responsibility. The principle of moral projection : Shifting the unit of analysis ; Statement of the principle ; Tracing the elements ; "Conceptual thermodynamics". But should corporations be morally responsible? : Dissent from left and right ; Worries from the center too ; Summary and conclusion. 11. Just environmental business / Holmes Rolston : Introduction : Case studies ; Two kinds of environmental ethic. Business and a humanistic environmental ethic : The stakeholder maxim ; The countryside maxim ; The sunshine maxim ; The legacy maxim ; The no-discount maxim ; The unconsumption maxim ; The reconsumption maxim ; The priority maxim ; The toxin-is-trumps maxim ; The steady-state maxim. Business and a naturalistic environmental ethic ; The reversibility maxim ; The diversity maxim ; The natural selection maxim ; The scarcity maxim ; The aesthetic maxim ; The China shop maxim ; The CNS maxim ; The life-specific maxim ; The nature, inc., maxim ; The parental earth maxim. Ethical complexities in business and environmental concerns : The buck-stopping maxim ; The no-cosmetics maxim ; The second mile maxim ; The burden of proof maxim ; The full-circle maxim ; The grandchild maxim ; The do-it-yourself-first maxim ; The togetherness maxim ; The question authority maxim ; The greening maxim. Business and nature.
Responsibility: Kurt Baier [and others] ; edited by Tom Regan.

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