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Knowledge, attitude, and practice of standard and transmission-based precautions in tertiary and secondary health care settings of Maldives

Author: Najeeb Nazeera; Surasak Taneepanichskul; Čhulālongkō̜nmahāwitthayālai. College of Public Health Sciences. Health Systems Development Program.
Publisher: 2007.
Dissertation: Thesis (M.P.H)--Health Systems Development Programme, College of Public Health Sceinces, Chulalongkorn University, 2008.
Edition/Format:   Thesis/dissertation : Thesis/dissertation : Manuscript   Archival Material : English
Summary:
Aims: The aim of this study was to assess the level of knowledge, attitude, and practice of standard and transmission-based precautions among doctors and nurses working tertiary and secondary health care settings of Maldives.
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Material Type: Thesis/dissertation, Manuscript
Document Type: Book, Archival Material
All Authors / Contributors: Najeeb Nazeera; Surasak Taneepanichskul; Čhulālongkō̜nmahāwitthayālai. College of Public Health Sciences. Health Systems Development Program.
OCLC Number: 951255451
Notes: Typescript (photocopy).
Description: xi, 92 leaves.
Responsibility: Nazeera Najeeb.

Abstract:

Aims: The aim of this study was to assess the level of knowledge, attitude, and practice of standard and transmission-based precautions among doctors and nurses working tertiary and secondary health care settings of Maldives.

Methodology: This was a cross-sectional survey conducted in three different hospitals. Three health care facilities were selected from cluster sampling followed by stratified random sampling. Doctors and nurses employed in 2 tertiary care hospitals (IGMH and ADK Hospital) and in one of the secondary health care facility (Thinadhoo Regional Hospital) were included. A pilot study was conducted in a secondary health care facility (Hithadhoo Regional Hospital) to test the reliability of the questionnaire. The self- administered anonymous questionnaire was administered to 70 doctors and 124 nurses. Each health care facility was observed for standard and transmission-based precautions practiced, 3 days prior to introducing questionnaire to the participants.

Findings: The only sociodemographic factor shown a significant association was marital status with p- value of 0.002. Those who are single reported better practice. Training on infection control practices was just marginally significant with p value of 0.9.The level of knowledge was in the 'low' category, attitude was 'neutral to negative' practice was 'moderate to high'. The analysis of correlation between 'attitude' and 'practice' discovered a direct significant association at the level 0.01 (r=.412) which is plausible. No significant correlation between knowledge and practice was found (r= -.001). The relationship tend to be negative signifying that increase in knowledge may decrease performance of practice. However this finding does not necessarily mean that knowledge is not a crucial component. There might be other factors within the individual and at organizational level that may disrupt the application of knowledge in practice. Based on the observational inference, adherence to standard and transmission-based precautions was partially followed in the 3 hospitals surveyed. Conclusion: Standard and transmission-based precautions practiced were not optimum, though the reported practice was better than reported knowledge and attitude. Further studies are required to find out the other factors associated with compliance of infection control practices. No such studies were conducted in the past.

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