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Laser control of atoms and molecules

Author: V S Letokhov
Publisher: Oxford ; New York : Oxford University Press, 2007.
Edition/Format:   Book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Database:WorldCat
Summary:

This text treats laser light as a universal tool to control matter at the atomic and molecular level, one of the most exciting applications of lasers. Lasers can heat matter, cool atoms to ultra-low  Read more...

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Material Type: Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: V S Letokhov
ISBN: 9780198528166 0198528167
OCLC Number: 71842726
Description: xi, 310 p. : ill. ; 26 cm.
Contents: 1. Introduction --
Ways to control the emission of light --
From the control of light to the control of atoms and molecules --
On the aims of this book --
2. Elementary radiative processes --
Spontaneous emission --
Stimulated absorption and emission --
Recoil effect and Doppler effect --
Resonant excitation of a two-level system free from relaxation --
Resonant excitation of a two-level system with relaxations --
Radiation-scattering processes --
3. Laser velocity-selective excitation --
Doppler broadening of optical spectral lines --
Homogeneous broadening mechanisms --
Doppler-free saturation spectroscopy --
Ultrahigh spectral resolution --
4. Optical orientation of atoms and nuclei --
Optical orientation of atoms --
Radio-frequency spectroscopy of optically oriented atoms --
Spin-exchange optical pumping --
Coherent effects and optically oriented atoms --
Applications of optically pumped atoms. 5. Laser cooling of atoms --
Introduction. History of ideas --
Laser radiation force on a two-level atom --
Quantum fluctuation effects. Temperature limits of laser cooling --
Doppler cooling --
Laser polarization gradient cooling below the Doppler limit --
Cooling below the recoil limit --
6. Laser trapping of atoms --
Optical trapping --
Magnetic trapping --
Magnetooptical trapping --
Gravitooptical and near-field traps --
Optical trapping of cold atoms---new tools for atomic physics --
7. Atom optics --
Introduction. Matter waves --
Reflection of atoms by light --
Laser focusing of an atomic beam --
Diffraction of atoms --
Atom interferometry --
Atomic holography --
Towards atom nanooptics --
8. From laser-cooled and trapped atoms to atomic and molecular quantum gases --
Introduction --
Bose--Einstein condensation of atomic gases --
Fermi-degenerate quantum atomic gases --
Formation of ultracold molecules --
Molecular quantum gases. 9. Laser photoselective ionization of atoms --
Introduction --
Resonance excitation and ionization of atoms --
Photoionization detection of rare atoms and radioactive isotopes --
Laser photoionization separation of isotopes, isobars, and nuclear isomers --
10. Multiphoton ionization of molecules --
Photoselective resonance ionization of molecules --
Resonance-enhanced multiphoton ionization (REMPI) of molecules --
Laser desorption/ionization of biomolecules --
11. Photoselective laser control of molecules via molecular vibrations --
Vibrationally mediated photodissociation of molecules via excited electronic states --
Basics of IR multiple-photon excitation/dissociation of polyatomic molecules in the ground state --
Characteristics of the IR MPE/D of polyatomic molecules --
Intermolecular selectivity of IR MPE/D for laser isotope separation --
Prospects for mode-selective MPE/D by IR femtosecond pulses --
12. Coherent laser control of molecules --
Introduction to coherent optimal control --
Coherent control using wave packets --
Coherent control using quantum interference --
Optimal feedback control --
Coherent optimal control by tailored strong-field laser pulses --
Coherent control of large molecules in liquids --
Perspectives --
13. Related topics: laser control of microparticles and free electrons --
Laser trapping of microparticles --
Laser control of free-electron motion --
14. Concluding comments.
Responsibility: Vladilen Letokhov.
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Letokhov has managed the difficult feat of both describing the physics of a wide range of topics while also looking to the future. Anyone with an interest in atomic physics will enjoy this book. Dr Read more...

 
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schema:description"9. Laser photoselective ionization of atoms -- Introduction -- Resonance excitation and ionization of atoms -- Photoionization detection of rare atoms and radioactive isotopes -- Laser photoionization separation of isotopes, isobars, and nuclear isomers -- 10. Multiphoton ionization of molecules -- Photoselective resonance ionization of molecules -- Resonance-enhanced multiphoton ionization (REMPI) of molecules -- Laser desorption/ionization of biomolecules -- 11. Photoselective laser control of molecules via molecular vibrations -- Vibrationally mediated photodissociation of molecules via excited electronic states -- Basics of IR multiple-photon excitation/dissociation of polyatomic molecules in the ground state -- Characteristics of the IR MPE/D of polyatomic molecules -- Intermolecular selectivity of IR MPE/D for laser isotope separation -- Prospects for mode-selective MPE/D by IR femtosecond pulses -- 12. Coherent laser control of molecules -- Introduction to coherent optimal control -- Coherent control using wave packets -- Coherent control using quantum interference -- Optimal feedback control -- Coherent optimal control by tailored strong-field laser pulses -- Coherent control of large molecules in liquids -- Perspectives -- 13. Related topics: laser control of microparticles and free electrons -- Laser trapping of microparticles -- Laser control of free-electron motion -- 14. Concluding comments."@en
schema:description"5. Laser cooling of atoms -- Introduction. History of ideas -- Laser radiation force on a two-level atom -- Quantum fluctuation effects. Temperature limits of laser cooling -- Doppler cooling -- Laser polarization gradient cooling below the Doppler limit -- Cooling below the recoil limit -- 6. Laser trapping of atoms -- Optical trapping -- Magnetic trapping -- Magnetooptical trapping -- Gravitooptical and near-field traps -- Optical trapping of cold atoms---new tools for atomic physics -- 7. Atom optics -- Introduction. Matter waves -- Reflection of atoms by light -- Laser focusing of an atomic beam -- Diffraction of atoms -- Atom interferometry -- Atomic holography -- Towards atom nanooptics -- 8. From laser-cooled and trapped atoms to atomic and molecular quantum gases -- Introduction -- Bose--Einstein condensation of atomic gases -- Fermi-degenerate quantum atomic gases -- Formation of ultracold molecules -- Molecular quantum gases."@en
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