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Laser control of atoms and molecules

Verfasser/in: V S Letokhov
Verlag: Oxford ; New York : Oxford University Press, 2007.
Ausgabe/Format   Buch : EnglischAlle Ausgaben und Formate anzeigen
Datenbank:WorldCat
Zusammenfassung:

Lasers can heat matter, cool atoms to ultra-low temperatures where they show quantum collective behaviour, and can act selectively on specific atoms and molecules for their detection and separation.  Weiterlesen…

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Medientyp: Internetquelle
Dokumenttyp: Buch, Internet-Ressource
Alle Autoren: V S Letokhov
ISBN: 9780198528166 0198528167
OCLC-Nummer: 71842726
Beschreibung: xi, 310 p. : ill. ; 26 cm.
Inhalt: 1. Introduction --
Ways to control the emission of light --
From the control of light to the control of atoms and molecules --
On the aims of this book --
2. Elementary radiative processes --
Spontaneous emission --
Stimulated absorption and emission --
Recoil effect and Doppler effect --
Resonant excitation of a two-level system free from relaxation --
Resonant excitation of a two-level system with relaxations --
Radiation-scattering processes --
3. Laser velocity-selective excitation --
Doppler broadening of optical spectral lines --
Homogeneous broadening mechanisms --
Doppler-free saturation spectroscopy --
Ultrahigh spectral resolution --
4. Optical orientation of atoms and nuclei --
Optical orientation of atoms --
Radio-frequency spectroscopy of optically oriented atoms --
Spin-exchange optical pumping --
Coherent effects and optically oriented atoms --
Applications of optically pumped atoms. 5. Laser cooling of atoms --
Introduction. History of ideas --
Laser radiation force on a two-level atom --
Quantum fluctuation effects. Temperature limits of laser cooling --
Doppler cooling --
Laser polarization gradient cooling below the Doppler limit --
Cooling below the recoil limit --
6. Laser trapping of atoms --
Optical trapping --
Magnetic trapping --
Magnetooptical trapping --
Gravitooptical and near-field traps --
Optical trapping of cold atoms---new tools for atomic physics --
7. Atom optics --
Introduction. Matter waves --
Reflection of atoms by light --
Laser focusing of an atomic beam --
Diffraction of atoms --
Atom interferometry --
Atomic holography --
Towards atom nanooptics --
8. From laser-cooled and trapped atoms to atomic and molecular quantum gases --
Introduction --
Bose--Einstein condensation of atomic gases --
Fermi-degenerate quantum atomic gases --
Formation of ultracold molecules --
Molecular quantum gases. 9. Laser photoselective ionization of atoms --
Introduction --
Resonance excitation and ionization of atoms --
Photoionization detection of rare atoms and radioactive isotopes --
Laser photoionization separation of isotopes, isobars, and nuclear isomers --
10. Multiphoton ionization of molecules --
Photoselective resonance ionization of molecules --
Resonance-enhanced multiphoton ionization (REMPI) of molecules --
Laser desorption/ionization of biomolecules --
11. Photoselective laser control of molecules via molecular vibrations --
Vibrationally mediated photodissociation of molecules via excited electronic states --
Basics of IR multiple-photon excitation/dissociation of polyatomic molecules in the ground state --
Characteristics of the IR MPE/D of polyatomic molecules --
Intermolecular selectivity of IR MPE/D for laser isotope separation --
Prospects for mode-selective MPE/D by IR femtosecond pulses --
12. Coherent laser control of molecules --
Introduction to coherent optimal control --
Coherent control using wave packets --
Coherent control using quantum interference --
Optimal feedback control --
Coherent optimal control by tailored strong-field laser pulses --
Coherent control of large molecules in liquids --
Perspectives --
13. Related topics: laser control of microparticles and free electrons --
Laser trapping of microparticles --
Laser control of free-electron motion --
14. Concluding comments.
Verfasserangabe: Vladilen Letokhov.
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Letokhov has managed the difficult feat of both describing the physics of a wide range of topics while also looking to the future. Anyone with an interest in atomic physics will enjoy this book. Dr Weiterlesen…

 
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