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Laser control of atoms and molecules

Author: V S Letokhov
Publisher: Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2011.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Database:WorldCat
Summary:
Rather different problems can be lumped together under the general term 'laser control of atoms and molecules'. They include the laser selection of atomic and molecular velocities for the purpose of Doppler-free spectroscopy, laser control of the position and velocity of atoms (i.e. laser trapping and cooling of atoms), and laser control of atomic and molecular processes (ionization, dissociation) with a view of  Read more...
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Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: V S Letokhov
ISBN: 9780199697137 0199697132 0198528167 9780198528166
OCLC Number: 751716141
Notes: ""First published 2007. First published in paperback 2011"--Title page verso.
Description: xi, 310 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm
Contents: 1. Introduction --
Ways to control the emission of light --
From the control of light to the control of atoms and molecules --
On the aims of this book --
2. Elementary radiative processes --
Spontaneous emission --
Stimulated absorption and emission --
Recoil effect and Doppler effect --
Resonant excitation of a two-level system free from relaxation --
Resonant excitation of a two-level system with relaxations --
Radiation-scattering processes --
3. Laser velocity-selective excitation --
Doppler broadening of optical spectral lines --
Homogeneous broadening mechanisms --
Doppler-free saturation spectroscopy --
Ultrahigh spectral resolution --
4. Optical orientation of atoms and nuclei --
Optical orientation of atoms --
Radio-frequency spectroscopy of optically oriented atoms --
Spin-exchange optical pumping --
Coherent effects and optically oriented atoms --
Applications of optically pumped atoms --
5. Laser cooling of atoms --
Introduction. History of ideas --
Laser radiation force on a two-level atom --
Quantum fluctuation effects. Temperature limits of laser cooling --
Doppler cooling --
Laser polarization gradient cooling below the Doppler limit --
Cooling below the recoil limit --
6. Laser trapping of atoms --
Optical trapping --
Magnetic trapping --
Magnetooptical trapping --
Gravitooptical and near-field traps --
Optical trapping of cold atoms---new tools for atomic physics --
7. Atom optics --
Introduction. Matter waves --
Reflection of atoms by light --
Laser focusing of an atomic beam --
Diffraction of atoms --
Atom interferometry --
Atomic holography --
Towards atom nanooptics --
8. From laser-cooled and trapped atoms to atomic and molecular quantum gases --
Introduction --
Bose--Einstein condensation of atomic gases --
Fermi-degenerate quantum atomic gases --
Formation of ultracold molecules --
Molecular quantum gases --
9. Laser photoselective ionization of atoms --
Introduction --
Resonance excitation and ionization of atoms --
Photoionization detection of rare atoms and radioactive isotopes --
Laser photoionization separation of isotopes, isobars, and nuclear isomers --
10. Multiphoton ionization of molecules --
Photoselective resonance ionization of molecules --
Resonance-enhanced multiphoton ionization (REMPI) of molecules --
Laser desorption/ionization of biomolecules --
11. Photoselective laser control of molecules via molecular vibrations --
Vibrationally mediated photodissociation of molecules via excited electronic states --
Basics of IR multiple-photon excitation/dissociation of polyatomic molecules in the ground state --
Characteristics of the IR MPE/D of polyatomic molecules --
Intermolecular selectivity of IR MPE/D for laser isotope separation --
Prospects for mode-selective MPE/D by IR femtosecond pulses --
12. Coherent laser control of molecules --
Introduction to coherent optimal control --
Coherent control using wave packets --
Coherent control using quantum interference --
Optimal feedback control --
Coherent optimal control by tailored strong-field laser pulses --
Coherent control of large molecules in liquids --
Perspectives --
13. Related topics: laser control of microparticles and free electrons --
Laser trapping of microparticles --
Laser control of free-electron motion --
14. Concluding comments.
Responsibility: Vladilen Letokhov.

Abstract:

This text treats laser light as a universal tool to control matter at the atomic and molecular level, one of the most exciting applications of lasers. Lasers can heat matter, cool atoms to ultra-low  Read more...

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Letokhov has managed the difficult feat of both describing the physics of a wide range of topics while also looking to the future. Anyone with an interest in atomic physics will enjoy this book. * Dr Read more...

 
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