コンテンツへ移動
Learning from the positivity effect : informed and motivated behavior change 資料のプレビュー
閉じる資料のプレビュー
確認中…

Learning from the positivity effect : informed and motivated behavior change

著者: Casey Moren Lindberg; Laura L Carstensen; Carol S Dweck; Jeanne Ling Tsai; Stanford University. Department of Psychology.
出版: 2010.
論文: Thesis (Ph. D.)--Stanford University, 2010.
エディション/フォーマット:   学位論文/卒業論文 : Document : Thesis/dissertation : 電子書籍   コンピューターファイル : English
データベース:WorldCat
概要:
The story of old age is not one of pure loss. Indeed, old age represents a time of certain cognitive decline in some domains, but also a time of growth and stability in others. Wisdom, maturity, expertise, and emotional regulation show improvements across adulthood. Goals also shift over the life span, from those aimed at gaining information and preparing for the future to emotionally meaningful pursuits later in  続きを読む
評価:

(まだ評価がありません) 0 件のレビュー - まずはあなたから!

 

オンラインで入手

この資料へのリンク

オフラインで入手

&AllPage.SpinnerRetrieving; この資料の所蔵館を検索中…

詳細

資料の種類: Document, Thesis/dissertation, インターネット資料
ドキュメントの種類: インターネットリソース, コンピューターファイル
すべての著者/寄与者: Casey Moren Lindberg; Laura L Carstensen; Carol S Dweck; Jeanne Ling Tsai; Stanford University. Department of Psychology.
OCLC No.: 649897827
注記: Submitted to the Department of Psychology.
形態 1 online resource.
責任者: Casey M. Lindberg.

概要:

The story of old age is not one of pure loss. Indeed, old age represents a time of certain cognitive decline in some domains, but also a time of growth and stability in others. Wisdom, maturity, expertise, and emotional regulation show improvements across adulthood. Goals also shift over the life span, from those aimed at gaining information and preparing for the future to emotionally meaningful pursuits later in life. These differences lead to goal-consistent cognitive biases in the young and the old. Younger people attend to negative information more than positive information. Older adults attend to positive information more than negative information. This developmental shift, called the positivity effect, is presumably adaptive in a life-span context. Yet either set of chronically activated goals can be maladaptive in certain contexts. Because the positivity effect is malleable -- influenced by the way task relevant goals are structured -- it may be possible to frame information in ways that reduce biases in young and old. The present program of research aims to show how biases can be reduced when participants are given information about relevant research findings and have the necessary psychological tools to adjust their behavior accordingly. No previous work has investigated the impact of disclosing information about the positivity effect directly to participants. Such an informed debiasing attempt could prove fruitful for future attempts to educate the public about their own attentional biases. Study 1 demonstrates the positivity effect in a picture recall task; Study 2 adds images to an existing image set in order to more accurately study debiasing of the positivity effect in future studies; Study 3 demonstrates that people are generally unaware of the positivity effect; Study 4 demonstrates that simple information disclosure about the positivity effect is insufficient to change participants' behavior on a picture presentation/recall task and a health care decision task; Study 5 demonstrates that participants' motivation to change is key to behavior change.

レビュー

ユーザーレビュー
GoodReadsのレビューを取得中…
DOGObooksのレビューを取得中…

タグ

まずはあなたから!
リクエストの確認

あなたは既にこの資料をリクエストしている可能性があります。このリクエストを続行してよろしければ、OK を選択してください。

リンクデータ


<http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/649897827>
library:oclcnum"649897827"
library:placeOfPublication
owl:sameAs<info:oclcnum/649897827>
rdf:typej.2:Web_document
rdf:typej.2:Thesis
rdf:typej.0:Thesis
rdfs:seeAlso
schema:author
rdf:typeschema:Person
schema:name"Lindberg, Casey Moren."
schema:contributor
schema:contributor
schema:contributor
schema:contributor
schema:datePublished"2010"
schema:description"The story of old age is not one of pure loss. Indeed, old age represents a time of certain cognitive decline in some domains, but also a time of growth and stability in others. Wisdom, maturity, expertise, and emotional regulation show improvements across adulthood. Goals also shift over the life span, from those aimed at gaining information and preparing for the future to emotionally meaningful pursuits later in life. These differences lead to goal-consistent cognitive biases in the young and the old. Younger people attend to negative information more than positive information. Older adults attend to positive information more than negative information. This developmental shift, called the positivity effect, is presumably adaptive in a life-span context. Yet either set of chronically activated goals can be maladaptive in certain contexts. Because the positivity effect is malleable -- influenced by the way task relevant goals are structured -- it may be possible to frame information in ways that reduce biases in young and old. The present program of research aims to show how biases can be reduced when participants are given information about relevant research findings and have the necessary psychological tools to adjust their behavior accordingly. No previous work has investigated the impact of disclosing information about the positivity effect directly to participants. Such an informed debiasing attempt could prove fruitful for future attempts to educate the public about their own attentional biases. Study 1 demonstrates the positivity effect in a picture recall task; Study 2 adds images to an existing image set in order to more accurately study debiasing of the positivity effect in future studies; Study 3 demonstrates that people are generally unaware of the positivity effect; Study 4 demonstrates that simple information disclosure about the positivity effect is insufficient to change participants' behavior on a picture presentation/recall task and a health care decision task; Study 5 demonstrates that participants' motivation to change is key to behavior change."
schema:exampleOfWork<http://worldcat.org/entity/work/id/541084127>
schema:inLanguage"en"
schema:name"Learning from the positivity effect informed and motivated behavior change"
schema:url<http://purl.stanford.edu/mz597dx0387>

Content-negotiable representations

ウインドウを閉じる

WorldCatにログインしてください 

アカウントをお持ちではないですか?簡単に 無料アカウントを作成することができます。.