RT Book, Whole DB /z-wcorg/ DS http://worldcat.org ID 39195347 LA English T1 Letters in gold : Ottoman calligraphy from the Sakıp Sabancı collection, Istanbul A1 Derman, M. Uğur., Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.), Los Angeles County Museum of Art., PB Metropolitan Museum of Art : Distributed by H.N. Abrams PP New York YR 1998 SN 0870998730 9780870998737 0870998749 9780870998744 0810965267 9780810965263 0300086326 9780300086324 AB Letters in Gold accompanies the first international exhibition of Ottoman calligraphic works from the Sakip Sabanci Collection, Istanbul. The seventy-one works constituting the exhibition are discussed and illustrated in color in this volume. Almost every major Ottoman calligrapher working between the fifteenth and early twentieth century is represented. The examples include exquisitely illuminated Qur'ans and prayer handbooks, elegant albums or murakkaalar composed of calligraphic exercises and often decorated with sumptuous marbled paper or ebru, and spectacular, large-scale lettered compositions, called levhalar, which were framed and hung in mosques and homes. The volume also includes eleven royal edicts, beautifully crafted scrolls headed by the tugra, a sultan's imperial monogram. Rich gold letters and delicate blue-and-gold illuminations demonstrate how the written word can be transformed into a work of art. The introductory essay treats the history of Ottoman calligraphy, its tools and materials, the decoration and uses of calligraphy, and the training of calligraphers. The catalogue section focuses not only on the magnificent works in the exhibition but also on the life and education of the calligraphers who created them.