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|Genre/Form:||Early works to 1800|
|Named Person:||Fernão de Magalhães; García Jofre de Loaysa; Antonio Pigafetta; Juan Sebastián de Elcano|
|Document Type:||Book, Archival Material|
|All Authors / Contributors:||
Gonzalo Fernández de Oviedo y Valdés; Francisco Fernández de Córdova; Edward E. Ayer Manuscript Collection (Newberry Library); Newberry Library.
|Language Note:||In Spanish.|
|Notes:||Remainder of title page: "En Valladolid. Por Francisco Fernandez de Cordova. Impresor de su Magestad. Año de MDLVII."
T.p. illustrated with black and gold ink drawing of imperial coat of arms of Charles V.
Spine title: "Oviedo y Valdes. Libro XX of 1557 in MS."
Libro XX published in Tomo II, p. 1-110, which appeared in 1852 as part of the complete four-volume Historia general y natural de las Indias. Madrid : Imprenta de la Real Academia de la Historia, 1851-1855.
Forms part of the Edward E. Ayer Manuscript Collection (Newberry Library).
|Description:||164 pages, 1 folded leaf of plates, bound : 1 coat of arms ; 27 cm|
|Other Titles:||Historia general y natural de las Indias.|
|Responsibility:||escripta por el capitan Gonzalo Fernandez de Oviedo y Valdes Alcayde de la fortaleza y puerto de Sancto Domingo d'la isla Española. Cronista d'su Magestad. Que trata del estrecho de Magallanes.|
In his introduction to Book XX, Fernández de Oviedo praises the many men whose bravery and sacrifices led to the discoveries that made the Spanish empire the greatest in history, unsurpassed by those of Alexander the Great, or the Greeks, Romans, or Egyptians. The author expresses his admiration for the early disoveries of Columbus which were the basis for all the subsequent explorations and conquests in the Indies which added another hemisphere and a half to the empire of Charles V. Book XX specifically describes Magellan's 1519-1521 voyage through the Strait of Magellan, his discovery and exploration of the Philippine Archipelago, and his death at the hands of Indians on the Philippine island of Mactan. Fernández de Oviedo bases some of his material on accounts by eyewitnesses such as Antonio Pigafetta and Juan Sebastián de Elcano, captain of the Victoria, the only one of Magellan's ships which returned to Spain. Book XX also describes a second expedition to the Moluccas, led by García Jofre de Loayasa in 1525, which retraces Magellan's route through the Strait to the Mariana Islands and the Philippines. Several chapters describe the geography of the Moluccas and some of the manners and customs of the natives.
- Magalhães, Fernão de, -- -1521 -- Travel.
- Loaysa, García Jofre de, -- active 16th century -- Travel.
- Pigafetta, Antonio, -- approximately 1480-approximately 1534 -- Travel.
- Elcano, Juan Sebastián de, -- approximately 1476-1526 -- Travel.
- Magellan, Strait of (Chile and Argentina) -- Discovery and exploration -- Spanish -- Early works to 1800.
- Indians of South America -- Magellan, Strait of (Chile and Argentina) -- Social life and customs -- Early works to 1800.
- Philippines -- Discovery and exploration -- Spanish -- Early works to 1800.
- Maluku (Indonesia) -- Discovery and exploration -- Spanish -- Early works to 1800.
- Indonesians -- Indonesia -- Maluku -- Social life and customs -- Early works to 1800.
- Discoveries in geography.
- Voyages around the world.
- Manuscripts, Spanish.