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A life of Sir Francis Galton : from African exploration to the birth of Eugenics

Autore: Nicholas W Gillham
Editore: New York, N.Y. : Oxford University Press, 2001.
Edizione/Formato:   book_printbook : EnglishVedi tutte le edizioni e i formati
Banca dati:WorldCat
Sommario:
"Few scientists have made lasting contributions to as many fields as Francis Galton. He was an important African explorer, travel writer, and geographer. He was the meteorologist who discovered the anticyclone, a pioneer in using fingerprints to identify individuals, the inventor of regression and correlation analysis in statistics, and the founder of the eugenics movement. Now, Nicholas Gilham paints an engaging  Per saperne di più…
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Dettagli

Genere/forma: Biography
History
Biographies
Persona incaricata: Francis Galton; Francis Galton; Francis Galton; Francis Galton; Francis Galton
Tipo materiale: Risorsa internet
Tipo documento: Book, Internet Resource
Tutti gli autori / Collaboratori: Nicholas W Gillham
ISBN: 0195143655 9780195143652
Numero OCLC: 46660114
Descrizione: xii, 416 pages : illustrations, maps ; 25 cm
Contenuti: Prologue: Francis Galton in perspective --
I. Antecedents and beginnings. An enviable pedigree --
Metamorphosis: from birth to medical school --
A poll degree from Cambridge --
Drifting --
II. Geography and exploration. South Africa --
Making peace with Jonker Afrikaner --
Expedition to Ovampoland --
Fame and marriage --
Riding high with the Royal Geographical Society: The great lakes of Africa --
Riding high with the Royal Geographical Society: Stanley faces off with the geographers --
Weather maps and the anticyclone --
III. The triumph of the pedigree. Hereditary talent and character --
Gemmules, rabbits, germs, and stirps --
Nature and nurture --
Sweet peas and anthropometrics --
Probing the mind --
Fingerprints --
The birth of biometrics --
Galton's disciples --
Evolution by jumps --
The Mendelians trump the biometricians --
The triumph of the pedigree: eugenics --
Epilogue: Out of Pandora's box --
The first International Congress of Eugenics.
Responsabilità: Nicholas Wright Gillham.
Maggiori informazioni:

Abstract:

A cousin of Charles Darwin, Francis Galton was an African explorer, the meteorologist who discovered the anticyclone, a pioneer in using fingerprints to identify individuals, a statistician, and the  Per saperne di più…

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A splendidly readable and informative guide to Galton's life, works and impact ... the accounts of Galton's investigations of heredity and their reception make the book so useful and so absorbing ... Per saperne di più…

 
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    schema:reviewBody ""Few scientists have made lasting contributions to as many fields as Francis Galton. He was an important African explorer, travel writer, and geographer. He was the meteorologist who discovered the anticyclone, a pioneer in using fingerprints to identify individuals, the inventor of regression and correlation analysis in statistics, and the founder of the eugenics movement. Now, Nicholas Gilham paints an engaging portrait of this Victorian polymath." "The book traces Galton's ancestry (he was the grandson of Erasmus Darwin and the cousin of Charles Darwin), upbringing, training as a medical apprentice, and experience as a Cambridge undergraduate. It recounts in colorful detail Galton's adventures as leader of his own expedition in Namibia. Darwin was always a strong influence on his cousin and a turning point in Galton's life was the publication of The Origin of Species. Thereafter, Galton devoted most of his life to human heredity, using then novel methods such as pedigree analysis and twin studies to argue that talent and character were inherited and that humans could be selectively bred to enhance these qualities. To this end, he founded the eugenics movement, which rapidly gained momentum early in the last century. After Galton's death, however, eugenics took a more sinister path, as in the United States, where by 1913 sixteen states had involuntary sterilization laws, and in Germany, where the goal of racial purity was pushed to its horrific limit in the "final solution." Galton himself, Gillham writes, would have been appalled by the extremes to which eugenics was carried."--Jacket." ;
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