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|Additional Physical Format:||Print version:
Kelly, Robert L.
Lifeways of Hunter-Gatherers : The Foraging Spectrum.
Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, ©2013
|Material Type:||Document, Internet resource|
|Document Type:||Internet Resource, Computer File|
|All Authors / Contributors:||
Robert L Kelly
|ISBN:||9781107345478 1107345472 9781139176132 1139176137 9781107024878 1107024870|
|Notes:||Gender, Marriage, and Social Inequality.|
|Description:||1 online resource (384 pages)|
|Contents:||Tables; Figures; Preface; Acknowledgments; Chapter 1 Hunter-Gatherers and Anthropology; Hunter-Gatherers in Pre-Twentieth-Century Thought; The Patrilineal/Patrilocal Band; The Generalized Foraging Model; The Interdependent Model, or "Professional Primitives"; Who Are Living Hunter-Gatherers?; Marxist Approaches; Hunter-Gatherers as a Cultural Type; Hunter-Gatherers and Ecology; Chapter 2 Environment, Evolution, and Anthropological Theory; The Culture Area Concept; Cultural Ecology; Human Behavioral Ecology; Natural Selection; Methodological Individualism; Optimization. What about Culture?Conclusion; Chapter 3 Foraging and Subsistence; Environment and Diet; The Diet-Breadth Model; What Is the "Right" Return Rate?; Importance of the Diet-Breadth Model; The Patch Choice Model; Problems with Optimal-Foraging Models and Their Solutions; Randomness; Pursuit of Resources; Processing of Resources; Who Is Foraging?; How Do People Eat?; The Marginal Value Theorem; Central Place Foraging; Other Factors to Consider; Risk; Why Only Calories?; The Importance of Fatty Meat; Conclusion; Chapter 4 Mobility; Mobility and the Environment; Ethnographic Data on Mobility. Number of Residential Moves per YearAverage Distance per Residential Move; Logistical Mobility and Territorial Coverage; Individual Foraging and Camp Movement: A Central Place Foraging Model; Risk; Storage; Other Factors; Sedentism: Why Stop Moving?; Foraging, Mobility, and Society; The Mobility Ethos; Foraging and Enculturation; Foraging and Resource Conservation; Conclusion; Chapter 5 Technology; What Is Technology?; Ju/'hoan Technology; Nuvugmiut Technology; What Conditions Food-Getting Technology?; Function; Risk; Mobility; Why Elaborate Technology?; A Technological Investment Model. Performance CharacteristicsTechnology, Gender, and Prestige; Conclusion; Chapter 6 Sharing, Exchange, and Land Tenure; Sharing; Why Share?; Kin Selection; Reciprocal Altruism; Tolerated Scrounging; Costly Signaling; What Explains Sharing?; Land Tenure; The Economic Defensibility Model; Social-Boundary Defense; The Winterhalder Model Reconsidered; Conclusion; Chapter 7 Group Size and Demography; Group Size: The "Magic Numbers" 500 and 25; Communal versus Individual Foraging; Carrying Capacity, Foraging, and Population Density; Reproduction and Cultural Controls; Preferential Female Infanticide. Interview DataSex Ratios; Birth-Spacing Infanticide; Juvenile Foraging; Help for Mother; The Ecology of Reproduction; Breastfeeding; Maternal Nutritional Condition; Mortality; Infant and Juvenile Mortality; Lethal Violence; Warfare; Homicide; Mobility and Population Growth; Conclusion; Chapter 8 Men, Women, and Foraging; Division of Labor; Why Do Men Hunt (and Women Not So Much)?; Costly Signaling or Provisioning?; Postmarital Residence; Rules versus Actual Postmarital Residence; Postmarital Residence as Social Strategy; Descent; Kinship as Social Strategy; Marriage.|
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