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Literature : an introduction to fiction, poetry, and drama

Author: X J Kennedy; Dana Gioia
Publisher: New York : Pearson Longman, ©2005.
Edition/Format:   Print book : English : 9th edView all editions and formats

Literature, Ninth Edition, the most popular introduction of its kind, is organized into three genres-Fiction, Poetry, and Drama. As in past editions, the authors' collective poetic voice brings  Read more...


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Genre/Form: Collections
Material Type: Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: X J Kennedy; Dana Gioia
ISBN: 0321355091 9780321355096 0321245512 9780321245519 0321183304 9780321183309 0321272609 9780321272607
OCLC Number: 62172996
Notes: "Portable edition"--Slipcase.
Issued in slipcase.
Includes indexes.
Description: 4 volumes : illustrations ; 25 cm
Contents: * Denote selections that are new to this edition. Most chapters conclude with "Writing Assignment" and "Further Suggestions for Writing." FICTION1. Reading a StoryFable, Parable, and Tales W. Somerset Maugham, The Appointment in Samarra*Aesop, The Fox and the Grapes*Bidpai, The Camel and His FriendsChuang Tzu, IndependenceJakob and Wilhelm Grimm, Godfather DeathPlot The Short Story John Updike A & PWriter's Perspective John Updike on Writing, Why Write?Writing Critically What's The Plot?2. Point of ViewWilliam Faulkner, A Rose for Emily*Jhumpa Lahiri, Interpreter of MaladiesJames Baldwin, Sonny's BluesEudora Welty, Why I Live at the P.OWriter's Perspective James Baldwin on Writing, Race and the African-American WriterWriting Critically How Point of View Shapes a Story3. CharacterKatherine Anne Porter, The Jilting of Granny WeatherallAlice Walker, Everyday UseRaymond Carver, CathedralWriter's Perspective Raymond Carver on Writing, Commonplace but Precise LanguageWriting Critically How Character Creates Action4. SettingKate Chopin, The StormJack London, To Build a FireT. Coraghessan Boyle, Greasy LakeAmy Tan, A Pair of TicketsWriter's Perspective Amy Tan on Writing, Setting the VoiceWriting Critically How Time and Place Set a Story5. Tone and StyleErnest Hemingway, A Clean, Well-Lighted PlaceWilliam Faulkner, Barn BurningIrony Guy de Maupassant, The NecklaceHa Jin, SaboteurWriter's Perspective Ernest Hemingway on Writing, The Direct StyleWriting Critically Be Style Conscious6. ThemeStephen Crane, The Open Boat *Alice Munro, Day of the ButterflyLuke 15: 11-32, The Parable of the Prodigal SonKurt Vonnegut, Jr., Harrison BergeronWriter's Perspective Kurt Vonnegut, Jr. on Writing, The Themes of Science FictionWriting Critically Stating the Theme7. Symbol John Steinbeck, The ChrysanthemumsShirley Jackson, The Lottery*Elizabeth Tallent, No One's a MysteryUrsula K. Le Guin, The Ones Who Walk Away from OmelasWriter's Perspective Ursula K. Le Guin on Writing, On "The Ones Who Walk Away from Omelas"Writing Critically Recognizing SymbolsWriting Assignment Student Essay, An Analysis of the Symbolism In Steinbeck's "The Chrysanthemums"8. Evaluating a Story Writing CriticallyKnow What You're Judging9. Reading Long Stories and NovelsLeo Tolstoy, The Death of Ivan IlychFranz Kafka, The MetamorphosisWriter's Perspective Franz Kafka on Writing, Discussing The MetamorphosisWriting Critically Leaving Things OutWriting Assignment: Student Essay, Kafka's Greatness10. Two Critical Casebooks: Edgar Allan Poe and Flannery O'Connor*Edgar Allan Poe Edgar Allan Poe, The Tell-Tale Heart*Edgar Allan Poe, The Fall of the House of Usher*Edgar Allan Poe, The Masque of the Red DeathEdgar Allan Poe on Edgar Allan Poe *Edgar Allan Poe, The Tale and Its Effect*Edgar Allan Poe, The Philosophy of Composition*Edgar Allan Poe, On ImaginationCritics on Edgar Allan Poe Daniel Hoffman, The Father-Figure in "The Tell-Tale Heart"Marie Bonaparte, A Psychoanalytic Reading of "The Masque of the Red. Death"*Charles Baudelaire, On Poe's Genius*James W. Tuttleton, Poe's Quest for Supernal BeautyFlannery O'Connor Flannery O'Connor, Good Country PeopleFlannery O'Connor, A Good Man Is Hard to FindFlannery O'Connor, RevelationFlannery O'Connor on Flannery O'Connor Flannery O'Connor, Excerpt from "On Her Own Work": The Element of Suspense in "A Good Man Is Hard to Find"Flannery O'Connor, On Her Catholic FaithFlannery O'Connor, Excerpt from "The Grotesque in Southern Fiction": The Serious Writer and the Tired ReaderFlannery O'Connor, Yearbook CartoonsCritics on Flannery O'Connor Robert Brinkmeyer Jr., Flannery O'Connor and Her ReadersJ. O. Tate, A Good Source Is Not So Hard to Find: The Real Life MisfitMary Jane Schenck, Deconstructing "A Good Man Is Hard to Find"Kathleen Feeley, Comic Perversion in "Good Country People"Writing Critically How One Story Illuminates Another11. Stories for Further ReadingChinua Achebe, Dead Men's Path *Isabel Allende, The Judge's WifeAnjana Appachana, The ProphecyMargaret Atwood, Happy EndingsAmbrose Bierce, An Occurrence at Owl Creek BridgeJorge Luis Borges, The Gospel According to MarkWilla Cather, Paul's CaseJohn Cheever, The Five-Forty-EightAnton Chekhov, The Lady with the Pet DogKate Chopin, The Story of an Hour*Sandra Cisneros, House on Mango StreetRalph Ellison, Battle Royal*Gabriel Garcia Marquez, The Handsomest Drowned Man in the WorldCharlotte Perkins Gilman, The Yellow WallpaperNathaniel Hawthorne, Young Goodman BrownZora Neale Hurston, SweatKazuo Ishiguro, A Family SupperJames Joyce, ArabyJamaica Kincaid, GirlD. H. Lawrence, The Rocking-Horse WinnerBernard Malamud, Angel LevineKatherine Mansfield, Miss BrillBobbie Ann Mason, ShilohJoyce Carol Oates, Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?Tim O'Brien, The Things They CarriedFrank O'Connor, First ConfessionTillie Olsen, I Stand Here IroningLeslie Marmon Silko, The Man to Send Rain Clouds POETRY12. Reading a PoemWilliam Butler Yeats, The Lake Isle of InnisfreeLyric Poetry D. H. Lawrence, PianoAdrienne Rich, Aunt Jennifer's TigersNarrative Poetry Anonymous, Sir Patrick SpenceRobert Frost, "Out, Out"Dramatic Poetry Robert Browning, My Last DuchessWriter's Perspective Adrienne Rich on Writing, Recalling "Aunt Jennifer's Tigers"Writing Critically Can a Poem be Paraphrased?William Stafford, Ask MeWilliam Stafford, A Paraphrase of "Ask Me"13. Listening to a VoiceTone Theodore Roethke, My Papa's WaltzCountee Cullen, For a Lady I KnowAnne Bradstreet, The Author to Her BookWalt Whitman, To a Locomotive in WinterEmily Dickinson, I like to see it lap the MilesBenjamin Alire Saenz, To the DesertWeldon Kees, For My DaughterThe Person in the Poem *Natasha Trethewey, White LiesEdwin Arlington Robinson, Luke HavergalTed Hughes, Hawk RoostingWilliam Wordsworth, I Wandered Lonely as a CloudDorothy Wordsworth, Journal EntryJames Stephens, A Glass of BeerAnne Sexton, Her KindWilliam Carlos Williams, The Red WheelbarrowIrony Robert Creeley, Oh NoW. H. Auden, The Unknown CitizenSharon Olds, Rites of PassageJohn Betjeman, In Westminster AbbeySarah N. Cleghorn, The Golf Links*Josephine Miles, Civilian*Connie Bensley, The Covetous CatThomas Hardy, The WorkboxFor Review and Further Study William Blake, The Chimney Sweeper*Robert McDowell, At Home with DollfaceWilliam Stafford, At the Un-National Monument Along the Canadian BorderH. L. Hix, I Love the World, As Does Any DancerRichard Lovelace, To LucastaWilfred Owen, Dulce et Decorum EstWriter's Perspective Wilfred Owen on Writing, War PoetryWriting Critically Paying Attention to the ObviousWriting Assignment: Student Essay, Word Choice, Tone, and Point of View in Roethke's "My Papa's Waltz"14. WordsLiteral Meaning: What a Poem Says First William Carlos Williams, This Is Just to SayMarianne Moore, SilenceRobert Graves, Down, Wanton, DownJohn Donne, Batter my heart, three-personed God, for YouThe Value of a Dictionary Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, AftermathJohn Clare, Mouse's NestJ. V. Cunningham, Friend, on this scaffold Thomas More lies deadKelly Cherry, Advice to a Friend Who PaintsCarl Sandburg, GrassWord Choice and Word Order Robert Herrick, Upon Julia's ClothesKay Ryan, BlandeurThomas Hardy, The Ruined MaidRichard Eberhart, The Fury of Aerial BombardmentWendy Cope, Lonely HeartsFor Review and Further Study E. E. Cummings, anyone lived in a pretty how town*Billy Collins, The NamesAnonymous, Carnation MilkWilliam Wordsworth, My heart leaps up when I beholdWilliam Wordsworth, MutabilityAnonymous, ScottsboroLewis Carroll, JabberwockyWriter's Perspective Lewis Carroll on Writing, Humpty Dumpty Explicates "Jabberwocky"Writing Critically How Much Difference Does a Word Make?15. Saying and SuggestingJohn Masefield, CargoesWilliam Blake, LondonWallace Stevens, Disillusionment of Ten O'Clock*Gwendolyn Brooks, The Independent ManTimothy Steele, EpitaphGeoffrey Hill, MerlinWalter de la Mare, The Listeners Robert Frost, Fire and IceClare Rossini, Final Love NoteAlfred, Lord Tennyson, Tears, Idle TearsRichard Wilbur, Love Calls Us to the Things of This WorldWriter's Perspective Richard Wilbur on Writing, Concerning "Love Calls Us to the Things of This World"Writing Critically The Ways a Poem Suggests16. ImageryEzra Pound, In a Station of the MetroTaniguchi Buson, The piercing chill I feelT. S. Eliot, The winter evening settles downTheodore Roethke, Root CellarElizabeth Bishop, The FishAnne Stevenson, The VictoryCharles Simic, ForkEmily Dickinson, A Route of EvanescenceJean Toomer, ReapersGerard Manley Hopkins, Pied BeautyAbout Haiku Arakida Moritake, The falling flowerMatsuo Basho, Heat-lightning streakMatsuo Basho, In the old stone poolTaniguchi Buson, On the one-ton temple bellTaniguchi Buson, I goKobayashi Issa, only one guyKobayashi Issa, Cricket*Suiko Matsushita, Rain shower from mountain*Suiko Matsushita, Cosmos in bloom*Neiji Ozawa, War forced us from California*Neiji Ozawa, The war*Hakuro Wada, Even the croaking of frogsEtheridge Knight, *Lee Gurga, Penny Harter, John Ridland, Adelle Foley, Jennifer Brutschy, *Connie Bensley, A Selection of HaikuFor Review and Further Study John Keats, Bright star! would I were steadfast as thou artWalt Whitman, The RunnerT. E. Hulme, ImageChana Bloch, Tired SexRobert Bly, Driving to Town Late to Mail a Letter*Gary Snyder, Piute CreekH. D. , HeatLouise Gluck, Mock OrangeBilly Collins, EmbraceJohn Haines, Winter NewsStevie Smith, Not Waving but DrowningWriter's Perspective Ezra Pound on Writing, The ImageWriting Critically Analyzing ImagesWriting Assignment: Student Essay, Elizabeth Bishop's Use of Imagery in "The Fish"17. Figures of SpeechWhy Speak Figuratively? Alfred, Lord Tennyson, The EagleWilliam Shakespeare, Shall I compare thee to a summer's dayHoward Moss, Shall I Compare Thee to a Summer's Day?Metaphor and Simile Emily Dickinson, My Life had stood - a Loaded GunAlfred, Lord Tennyson, Flower in the Crannied WallWilliam Blake, To see a world in a grain of sandSylvia Plath, MetaphorsN. Scott Momaday, SimileEmily Dickinson, It dropped so low - in my RegardCraig Raine, A Martian Sends a Postcard HomeOther Figures James Stephens, The WindChidiock Tichborne, Elegy, Written with His Own Hand in the Tower Before His ExecutionMargaret Atwood, You fit into meJohn Ashbery, The Cathedral IsGeorge Herbert, The Pulley*Louis MacNiece, Plain SpeakingFor Review and Further Study Robert Frost, The Silken TentDenise Levertov, Leaving ForeverJane Kenyon, The SuitorRobert Frost, The Secret Sits*H. D., Love That I BearA. R. Ammons, CowardKay Ryan, TurtleRobinson Jeffers, HandsRobert Burns, Oh, my love is like a red, red roseWriter's Perspective Robert Frost on Writing, The Importance of Poetic MetaphorWriting Critically How Metaphors Enlarge a Poem's Meaning18. SongSinging and Saying Ben Jonson, To CeliaAnonymous, The Cruel MotherWilliam Shakespeare, Take, O, take those lips awayEdwin Arlington Robinson, Richard CoryPaul Simon, Richard CoryBallads Anonymous, Bonny Barbara AllanDudley Randall, Ballad of BirminghamBlues Bessie Smith with Clarence Williams, Jailhouse BluesW. H. Auden, Funeral BluesRap Run D.M.C., from Peter PiperFor Review and Further Study John Lennon and Paul McCartney, Eleanor RigbyBob Dylan, The Times They Are a-Changin'*Gwendolyn Brooks, Queen of the BluesWriter's Perspective Paul McCartney on Writing, Creating "Eleanor Rigby"Writing Critically Is There a Difference Between Poetry and Song?19. SoundSound as Meaning Alexander Pope, True Ease in Writing comes from Art, not ChanceWilliam Butler Yeats, Who Goes with Fergus?John Updike, RecitalWilliam Wordsworth, A Slumber Did My Spirit SealEmanuel di Pasquale, RainAphra Behn, When Maidens Are YoungAlliteration and Assonance A. E. Housman, Eight O'ClockRobert Herrick, Upon Julia's VoiceAlfred, Lord Tennyson, The splendor falls on castle wallsRime William Cole, On my boat on Lake CayugaJames Reeves, Rough WeatherHilaire Belloc, The HippopotamusWilliam Butler Yeats, Leda and the SwanGerard Manley Hopkins, God's GrandeurFred Chappell, Narcissus and EchoRobert Frost, Desert PlacesReading and Hearing Poems Aloud Michael Stillman, In Memoriam John ColtraneWilliam Shakespeare, Full fathom five thy father liesChryss Yost, Lai with Sounds of SkinT. S. Eliot, VirginiaWriter's Perspective T. S. Eliot on Writing, The Music of PoetryWriting Critically Is it Possible to Write about Sound?20. RhythmStresses and Pauses Gwendolyn Brooks, We Real CoolAlfred, Lord Tennyson, Break, Break, BreakBen Jonson, Slow, slow, fresh fount, keep time with my salt tearsAlexander Pope, AtticusSir Thomas Wyatt, With serving stillDorothy Parker, ResumeMeter Max Beerbohm, On the imprint of the first English edition of The Works of Max BeerbohmThomas Campion, Rose-cheeked Laura, comeVachel Lindsay, Factory Windows Are Always BrokenEdna St. Vincent Millay, Counting-out RhymeA. E. Housman, When I was one-and-twenty*William Carlos Williams, Heel & Toe to the EndWalt Whitman, Beat! Beat! Drums!David Mason, Song of the PowersLangston Hughes, Dream BoogieWriter's Perspective Gwendolyn Brooks on Writing, Hearing "We Real Cool"Writing Critically Freeze-Framing the Sound21. Closed FormFormal Patterns John Keats, This living hand, now warm and capableRobert Graves, Counting the BeatsJohn Donne, Song ("Go and catch a falling star")Phillis Levin, Brief BioRonald Gross, YieldThe Sonnet William Shakespeare, Let me not to the marriage of true mindsMichael Drayton, Since there's no help, come let us kiss and partEdna St. Vincent Millay, What lips my lips have kissed, and where, and whyRobert Frost, Acquainted with the NightKim Addonizio, First Poem for YouMark Jarman, Unholy Sonnet: After the PrayingR. S. Gwynn, Scenes from the Playroom Timothy Steele, SummerA. E. Stallings, Sine Qua Non The Epigram Alexander Pope, Sir John Harrington, Robert Herrick, William Blake, E. E. Cummings, Langston Hughes, J. V. Cunningham, John Frederick Nims, Stevie Smith, Brad Leithauser, Dick Davis, Anonymous, Hilaire Belloc, Wendy Cope, A selection of epigramsW. H. Auden, Edmund Clerihew Bentley, Cornelius Ter Maat, ClerihewsOther Forms Robert Pinsky, ABCDylan Thomas, Do not go gentle into that good nightRobert Bridges, TrioletElizabeth Bishop, SestinaWriter's Perspective Robert Graves on Writing, Poetic Inspiration and Poetic FormWriting Critically Turning Points22. Open FormDenise Levertov, Ancient StairwayE. E. Cummings, Buffalo Bill 'sW. S. Merwin, For the Anniversary of My DeathWilliam Carlos Williams, The DanceStephen Crane, The HeartWalt Whitman, Cavalry Crossing a FordEzra Pound, The GarretWallace Stevens, Thirteen Ways of Looking at a BlackbirdCarolyn Forche, The ColonelVisual Poetry George Herbert, Easter WingsJohn Hollander, Swan and ShadowTerry Ehret, from PapyrusDorthi Charles, Concrete CatSeeing the Logic of Open Form Verse E. E. Cummings, in Just-Lucille Clifton, Homage to my hipsCarole Satyamurti, I Shall Paint My Nails RedAlice Fulton, What I LikeWriter's Perspective Walt Whitman on Writing, The Poetry of the FutureWriting Critically Lining Up for Free Verse23. SymbolT. S. Eliot, The Boston Evening TranscriptEmily Dickinson, The Lightning is a yellow ForkThomas Hardy, Neutral TonesMatthew 13:24-30, The Parable of the Good Seed*George Herbert, The WorldJohn Ciardi, Most Like an Arch This MarriageRobert Frost, The Road Not TakenChristina Rossetti, Uphill*Gjertrud Schnackenberg, Supernatural LoveFor Review and Further Study Robinson Jeffers, The Beaks of EaglesSara Teasdale, The Flight*William Carlos Williams, The TermTed Kooser, CarrieRafael Campo, What the Body Told*Jon Stallworthy, An Evening WalkLorine Niedecker, Popcorn-can coverWallace Stevens, Anecdote of the JarWriter's Perspective William Butler Yeats On Writing, Poetic SymbolsWriting Critically How to Read a Symbol24. Myth and NarrativeRobert Frost, Nothing Gold Can StayD. H. Lawrence, Bavarian GentiansThomas Hardy, The OxenWilliam Wordsworth, The World Is Too Much with UsH. D., HelenArchetype Louise Bogan, MedusaPersonal Myth William Butler Yeats, The Second ComingJonathan Holden, The Names of the RapidsJames Dickey, The Heaven of AnimalsDiane Thiel, Memento Mori in Middle SchoolMyth and Popular Culture Charles Martin, Taken UpA. D. Hope, Imperial AdamAnne Sexton, CinderellaWriter's Perspective Anne Sexton On Writing, Transforming Fairy TalesWriting Critically Demystifying MythWriting Assignment: Student Essay, The Bonds Between Love and Hatred in H. D.'s "Helen"25. Poetry and Personal IdentitySylvia Plath, Lady LazarusJulia Alvare, The women on my mother's side were knownCulture, Race, and Ethnicity Claude McKay, AmericaRhina P. Espaillat, Bilingual / BilingueSamuel Menashe, The Shrine Whose Shape I AmFrancisco X. Alarcon, The X in My NameWendy Rose, For the White Poets Who Would Be Indian*Sherman Alexie, Indian Boy Love Song (#1)Yusef Komunyakaa, Facing ItGender Anne Stevenson, Sous-EntenduEmily Grosholz, ListeningDonald Justice, Men at FortyAdrienne Rich, WomenFor Review and Further Study *Shirley Geok-lin Lim, Learning to Love AmericaAndrew Hudgins, Elegy for My Father, Who Is Not DeadJudith Ortiz Cofer, QuinceaneraAlastair Reid, Speaking a Foreign LanguagePhilip Larkin, AubadeWriter's Perspective *Rhina P. Espaillat on WritingWriting Critically Poetic Voice and Personal Identity26. TranslationIs Poetic Translation Possible? *Rainer Maria Rilke, Eingang*Rainer Maria Rilke, translated by Dana Gioia, EntranceWorld Poetry Li Po, Drinking Alone Beneath the Moon (Chinese text)Li Po, Moon-beneath Alone Drink (literal translation)Li Po, translated by Arthur Waley, Drinking Alone by MoonlightHorace, Carpe Diem Odes I (11)Horace, translated by Edwin Arlington Robinson, JamesMichie,*A. E. Stallings, Odes IOmar Khayyam, RubaiOmar Khayyam, translated by Edward FitzGerald, Robert Graves and Omar Ali-Shah, Dick Davis, RubaiParody Anonymous, We four lads from Liverpool are*Wendy Cope, A Nursery Rhyme (as it might have been written by William Wordsworth)Hugh Kingsmill, What, still alive at twenty-two?Bruce Bennett, The Lady Speaks AgainGene Fehler, If Richard Lovelace Became a Free AgentAaron Abeyta, thirteen ways of looking at a tortillaWriter's Perspective *Arthur Waley on Writing, The Art of TranslationWriting Critically Parody Is the Sincerest Form of Flattery27. *Critical Casebook: Latin American PoetrySor Juana *Asegura la Confianza de que Ocultura de Todo un Secreto. *Translated by Diane Thiel, She Promises to Hold a Secre in Confidence*Presente en que el Carino Hace Regalo la Llaneza. *Translated by Diane Thiel, A Simple Gift Made Rich by AffectionPablo Neruda Muchos Somos. *Translated by Alastair Reid, We Are Many*Cien Sonetos de Amor (V). *Translated by Stephen Tapscott, One Hundred Love Sonnets (V)Jorge Luis Borges *Amorosa Anticipacion. *Translated by Robert Fitzgerald, Anticipation of Love*Los Engimas. *Translated by John Updike, The EnigmasOctavio Paz Con Los Ojos Cerrados. Translated by John Felstiner, With Our Eyes Shut*Certeza. *Translated by Charles Tomlinson, CertaintySurrealism in Latin American Poetry *Frida Kahlo, Two Friedas*Cesar Vallejo, La Colera que Quiebra al Hombre en Ninos*Cesar Vallejo, translated by Thomas Merton, Anger*Olga Orozco, La Realidad y el Deseo*Olga Orozco, translated by Stephen Tapscott, Reality and Desire For Review and Further Study *Alfonsina Storni, Peso Ancestral*Alfonsina Storni, translated by Diane Thiel, Ancestral Burden*Jose Emilio Pacheco, Alta Traicion*Jose Emilio Pacheco, translated by Alastair Reid, High TreasonLatin American Poets on Poetry *Sor Juana, Respuesta*Pablo Neruda, Towards the Splendid City*Jorge Luis Borges, The Riddle of Poetry*Octavio Paz, European Languages and the Literature of the AmericasCritics on Latin American Poetry *Stephanie Merrim, Endgames: Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz*Alastair Reid, Translating Neruda*Emir Rodriguez Monegal, Borges and PazSuggestions for Writing 28. Recognizing ExcellenceAnonymous, O Moon, when I gaze on thy beautiful faceGrace Treasone, LifeEmily Dickinson, A Dying Tiger - moaned for Drink Rod McKuen, Thoughts on Capital PunishmentWilliam Stafford, Traveling Through the DarkWallace McRae, ReincarnationRecognizing Excellence William Butler Yeats, Sailing to ByzantiumArthur Guiterman, On the Vanity of Earthly GreatnessPercy Bysshe Shelley, OzymandiasRobert Hayden, The WhippingElizabeth Bishop, One Art*W. H. Auden, September 1, 1939Walt Whitman, O Captain! My Captain!Carl Sandburg, FogEmma Lazarus, The New ColossusEdgar Allan Poe, Annabel LeeWriter's Perspective Edgar Allan Poe on Writing, A Long Poem Does Not ExistWriting Critically How to Begin Evaluating a Poem29. What is Poetry?Archibald MacLeish, Ars Poetica Dante, Samuel Johnson, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, William Wordsworth, Thomas Carlyle, Thomas Hardy, Emily Dickinson, Gerard Manley Hopkins, Robert Frost, Wallace Stevens, Mina Loy, T. S. Eliot, W. H. Auden, J. V. Cunningham, Elizabeth Bishop, Jorge Luis Borges, Octavio Paz, William Stafford, Gwendolyn Brooks, Robert Bly, Some Definitions of PoetryHa Jin, Missed Time30. Two Critical Casebooks: Emily Dickinson and Langston HughesEmily Dickinson Success is counted sweetestWild Nights-Wild Nights*There's a certain Slant of lightI Felt a Funeral, in my BrainI'm Nobody! Who are you?The Soul selects her own SocietySome keep the Sabbath going to ChurchAfter great pain, a formal feeling comes*Much Madness is divinest SenseThis is my letter to the WorldI heard a Fly buzz-when I diedI started Early-Took my DogBecause I could not stop for DeathThe Bustle in a HouseTell all the Truth but tell it slantEmily Dickinson on Emily Dickinson Emily Dickinson, Recognizing PoetryEmily Dickinson, Self-DescriptionCritics on Emily Dickinson Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Meeting Emily DickinsonThomas H. Johnson, The Discovery of Emily Dickinson's ManuscriptsRichard Wilbur, The Three Privations of Emily DickinsonCynthia Griffin Wolff, Dickinson and Death (A Reading of "Because I could not stop for Death."Judith Farr, A Reading of "My Life had stood-a Loaded Gun"Langston Hughes The Negro Speaks of RiversMother to SonDream VariationsI, TooThe Weary BluesSong for a Dark Girl*Desire*PrayerBattle of the LandlordEndIslandBallad of the LandlordTheme for English BSubway Rush HourSliverHarlem [Dream Deferred]Langston Hughes on Langston Hughes Langston Hughes, The Negro Artist and the Racial MountainLangston Hughesm, The Harlem RenaissanceCritics on Langston Hughes Arnold Rampersad, Hughes as an ExperimentalistRita Dove and Marilyn Nelson, Langston Hughes and HarlemDarryl Pinckney, Black Identity in Langston HughesPeter Townsend, Langston Hughes and JazzOnwuchekwa Jemie, A Reading of "Dream Deferred"Suggestions for Writing 31. Poems for Further Reading*Anonymous, Lord RandallAnonymous, The Three RavensAnonymous, The Twa CorbiesAnonymous, Western WindAnonymous, Last Words of the Prophet (Navajo Mountain Chant)Matthew Arnold, Dover BeachJohn Ashbery, At North Farm*Margaret Atwood, RomanticW. H. Auden, As I Walked Out One EveningW. H. Auden, Musee des Beaux ArtsElizabeth Bishop, Filling StationWilliam Blake, The TygerWilliam Blake, The Sick RoseEavan Boland, AnorexicGwendolyn Brooks, The Mother*Gwendolyn Brooks, the preacher: ruminates behind the sermonElizabeth Barrett Browning, How Do I Love Thee? Let Me Count the WaysRobert Browning, Soliloquy of the Spanish CloisterGeoffrey Chaucer, Merciless BeautyG. K. Chesterton, The DonkeySamuel Taylor Coleridge, Kubla Khan*Billy Collins, Care & FeedingHart Crane, My Grandmother's Love LettersE. E. Cummings, somewhere i have never travelled,gladly beyondJohn Donne, Death be not proudJohn Donne, The FleaJohn Donne, A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning*Rita Dove, Summit Beach, 1921John Dryden, To the Memory of Mr. OldhamT. S. Eliot, Journey of the MagiT. S. Eliot, The Love Song of J. Alfred PrufrockLouise Erdrich, Indian Boarding School: The Runaways*B. H. Fairchild, A Starlit NightRobert Frost, BirchesRobert Frost, Mending WallRobert Frost, Stopping by Woods on a Snowy EveningAllen Ginsberg, A Supermarket in CaliforniaDana Gioia, California Hills in AugustThom Gunn, The Man with Night SweatsDonald Hall, Names of HorsesThomas Hardy, The Convergence of the Twain*Thomas Hardy, The Darkling ThrushThomas Hardy, HapRobert Hayden, Those Winter SundaysSeamus Heaney, DiggingSeamus Heaney, Mother of the GroomAnthony Hecht, AdamGeorge Herbert, LoveRobert Herrick, To the Virgins to Make Much of TimeGerard Manley Hopkins, Spring and Fall*Gerard Manley Hopkins, No worst, there is noneGerard Manley Hopkins, The WindhoverA. E. Housman, Loveliest of trees, the cherry nowA. E. Housman, To an Athlete Dying YoungRandall Jarrell, The Death of the Ball Turret GunnerRobinson Jeffers, To the Stone-cuttersBen Jonson, On My First Son*Donald Justice, Counting the MadJohn Keats, Ode on a Grecian UrnJohn Keats, On First Looking into Chapman's HomerJohn Keats, When I have fears that I may cease to beJohn Keats, To AutumnPhilip Larkin, Home is so SadPhilip Larkin, Poetry of DeparturesIrving Layton, The Bull Calf*Philip Levine, They Feed, They Lion*Adrien Louis, Looking for JudasRobert Lowell, Skunk HourAndrew Marvell, To His Coy Mistress*James Merrill, Kite PoemCharlotte Mew, The Farmer's BrideEdna St. Vincent Millay, Recuerdo*John Milton, How soon hath timeJohn Milton, When I consider how my light is spentMarianne Moore, PoetryFrederick Morgan, The MasterMarilyn Nelson, A Strange Beautiful WomanHoward Nemerov, The War in the AirLorine Niedecker, Sorrow Moves in Wide WavesYone Noguchi, A Selection of HokkuSharon Olds, The One Girl at the Boys' PartyWilfred Owen, Anthem for Doomed YouthLinda Pastan, EthicsRobert Phillips, Running on EmptySylvia Plath, Daddy*Edgar Allan Poe, A Dream within a DreamAlexander Pope, A little Learning is a dang'rous ThingEzra Pound, The River-Merchant's Wife: a LetterDudley Randall, A Different ImageJohn Crowe Ransom, Piazza PieceHenry Reed, Naming of PartsAdrienne Rich, Living in SinAdrienne Rich, PowerEdwin Arlington Robinson, Miniver CheevyTheodore Roethke, Elegy for JaneMary Jo Salter, Welcome to HiroshimaWilliam Shakespeare, When, in disgrace with Fortune and men's eyesWilliam Shakespeare, Not marble nor the gilded monuments*William Shakespeare, Weary with toil I haste me to my bedWilliam Shakespeare, That time of year thou mayst in me beholdWilliam Shakespeare, My mistress' eyes are nothing like the sunLouis Simpson, American PoetryDavid R. Slavitt, TitanicChristopher Smart, For I will consider my Cat JeoffryWilliam Jay Smith, American PrimitiveCathy Song, Stamp Collecting*William Stafford, The Farm on the Great PlainsWallace Stevens, Peter Quince at the ClavierWallace Stevens, The Emperor of Ice-CreamRuth Stone, Second Hand CoatJonathan Swift, A Description of the MorningAlfred, Lord Tennyson, Dark house, by which once more I standAlfred, Lord Tennyson, UlyssesDylan Thomas, Fern HillJohn Updike, Ex-Basketball Player*Amy Uyematsu, The Ten Million Flames of Los AngelesDerek Walcott, The VirginsEdmund Waller, Go, Lovely RoseWalt Whitman, A Noiseless Patient Spider*Walt Whitman, I Hear America SingingRichard Wilbur, The Writer*C. K. Williams, ElmsWilliam Carlos Williams, Spring and AllWilliam Carlos Williams, To Waken an Old LadyWilliam Wordsworth, Composed upon Westminster BridgeJames Wright, A BlessingJames Wright, Autumn Begins in Martins Ferry, OhioMary Sidney Wroth, In This Strange LabyrinthSir Thomas Wyatt, They flee from me that sometime did me sekeWilliam Butler Yeats, Crazy Jane Talks with the BishopWilliam Butler Yeats, The MagiWilliam Butler Yeats, When You Are Old32. Lives of the Poets DRAMA33. Reading a PlayA Play in Its Elements Susan Glaspell, TrifleTragedy John Millington Synge, Riders to the SeaComedy David Ives, Sure Thing*Jane Martin, BeautyWriter's Perspective Susan Glaspell on Drama, Creating TriflesWriting Critically Conflict ResolutionWriting Assignment: Student Essay, Outside Trifles34. Critical Casebook: SophoclesThe Theater of Sophocles Staging The Civic Role of Greek Drama Aristotle's Concept of Tragedy SophoclesPlays The Origins of Oedipus the KingSophocles, Oedipus the King (Translated by Robert Fagles)The Background of AntigoneSophocles, Antigone (Translated by Robert Fagles)Robert Fitzgerald on SophoclesRobert Fitzgerald, Translating SophoclesCritics on Sophocles Aristotle, Defining TragedySigmund Freud, The Oedipus ComplexE. R. Dodds, On Misunderstanding OedipusA. E. Haigh, The Irony of SophoclesPatricia M. Line, Antigone's FlawWriting Critically Some Things Change. Some Things Don't35. Critical Casebook: ShakespeareThe Theater of Shakespeare William Shakespeare Plays A Note on OthelloWilliam Shakespearem, Othello, the Moor of VeniceThe Background of HamletWilliam Shakespeare, Hamlet, Prince of DenmarkThe Background of A Midsummer Night's DreamWilliam Shakespeare, A Midsummer Night's DreamBen Jonson on ShakespeareBen Jonson, On His Friend And Rival William ShakespeareCritics on Shakespeare A. C. Bradley, Hamlet's CharacterRebecca West, Hamlet and OpheliaJan Kott, Producing HamletJoel Wingard, Reader-Response Issues in HamletW. H. Auden, Iago as a Triumphant VillainMaud Bodkin, Lucifer on Shakespeare's OthelloVirginia Mason Vaughan, Black and White in OthelloAnthony Burgess, An Asian Culture Looks at ShakespeareJohn Russell Brown, Recognizing Love in A Midsummer Night's DreamGermaine Greer, Shakespeare's "Honest Mirth"Linda Bamber, Female Power in A Midsummer Night's DreamWriting Critically Breaking the Language Barrier Writing Assignment: Student Essay, Othello: Tragedy or Soap Opera?36. The Modern TheaterRealism and Naturalism Henrik Ibsen, A Doll's House (Translated by James McFarlane)Writer's Perspective George Bernard Shaw on Drama, Ibsen and the Familiar SituationTragicomedy and the Absurd Milcha Sanchez-Scott, The Cuban SwimmerWriter's Perspective Milcha Sanchez-Scott on Drama, Writing The Cuban SwimmerWriting Critically What's so Realistic about Realism?Writing Assignment: Student Essay, Helmer vs. Helmer37. Evaluating a PlayWriting Critically Critical Performance38. Plays for Further ReadingArthur Miller, Death of a SalesmanWriter's PerspectiveArthur Miller on Drama, Tragedy and the Common Man.Tennessee Williams, The Glass MenagerieWriter's PerspectiveTennessee Williams on Drama, How to Stage The Glass Menagerie39. New Voices in American Drama*Beth Henley , Am I Blue?Writer's Perspective*Beth Henley on Drama, A Playwright is Born?David Henry Hwang, The Sound of a VoiceWriter's PerspectiveDavid Henry Hwang on Drama, Multicultural TheaterTerrence McNally, Andre's MotherWriter's PerspectiveTerrence McNally on Drama, How to Write a PlayAugust Wilson , Joe Turner's Come and GoneWriter's PerspectiveAugust Wilson On Drama , Black Experience in America WRITING40. Writing About LiteratureBeginning Keeping a Journal Using Sources and Maintaining Academic Integrity Using Critical Sources and Maintaining Academic Integrity Discovering Essay IdeasDrafting and Revising, or Creativty vs. AnalysisThe Form of Your Finished Paper Using Spell-Check and Grammar-Check Programs Anonymous (after a poem by Jerrold H. Zar), A Little Poem Regarding Computer Spell Checkers 41. Writing About a StoryExplicating Sample Student Essay (Explication) Analyzing Sample Student Essay (Analysis) Sample Student Card Report Comparing and Contrasting42. Writing About a PoemExplicatingRobert Frost, DesignSample Student Essay (Explication)AnalyzingSample Student Essay (Analysis)Comparing and ContrastingAbbie Huston Evans, Wing-SpreadSample Student Essay (Comparison) How to Quote a PoemBefore You BeginRobert Frost, In White (early draft of "Design") 43. Writing About a PlayMethods How to Quote a Play Writing a Card Report Sample Student Card Report Reviewing a Play Sample Student Drama Review *44. Writing a Research PaperDoing Research for an EssayEvaluating and Using Internet SourcesGuarding Academic IntegrityAcknowledging and Documenting SourcesConcluding ThoughtsReference Guide for Citations45. Critical Approaches to LiteratureFormalist Criticism Cleanth Brooks, The Formalist CriticMichael Clark, Light and Darkness in "Sonny's Blues"Robert Langbaum, On Robert Browning's "My Last Duchess" Biographical Criticism Virginia Llewellyn Smith, Chekhov's Attitude to Romantic LoveBrett C. Millier, On Elizabeth Bishop's "One Art"Emily Toth, Scandal and Kate ChopinHistorical Criticism Hugh Kenner, Imagism Joseph Moldenhauer, "To His Coy Mistress" and the Renaissance TraditionBarbara T. Christian , Heritage in "Everyday Use"Psychological Criticism Sigmund Freud, The Nature of DreamsGretchen Schulz and R. J. R. Rockwood , Fairy Tales and "Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?"Harold Bloom, Poetic InfluenceMythological Criticism C. G. Jung, The Collective Unconscious and ArchetypesNorthrop Frye, Mythic ArchetypesEdmond Volpe, Myth in Faulkner's "Barn Burning"Sociological Criticism Georg Lukacs, Content Determines FormDaniel P. Watkin, Money and Labor in "The Rocking-Horse Winner"Alfred Kazin, Walt Whitman and Abraham LincolnGender Criticism Elaine Showalter, Toward a Feminist PoeticsJuliann Fleenor, Gender and Pathology in "The Yellow Wallpaper"Sandra M. Gilbert and Susan Gubar, The Freedom of Emily Dickinson Reader-Response Criticism Stanley Fish, An Eskimo "A Rose for Emily"Robert Scholes, "How Do We Make a Poem?"Michael J. Colacurcio, The End of Young Goodman BrownDeconstructionist Criticism Roland Barthes, The Death of the AuthorBarbara Johnson, Rigorous UnreliabilityGeoffrey Hartman, On Wordsworth's "A Slumber Did My Spirit Seal"Cultural Studies Vincent B. Leitch, Poststructuralist Cultural CritiqueMark Bauerlein, What is Cultural Studies?Heather Glen, The Stance of Observation in William Blake's "London"
Responsibility: [compiled by] X.J. Kennedy, Dana Gioia.
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