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Lithography process control

Author: Harry J Levinson
Publisher: Bellingham, Wash. : SPIE Optical Engineering Press, ©1999.
Series: Tutorial texts in optical engineering, v. TT 28.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
This text covers lithography process control at several levels, from fundamental through advanced topics. The book is a self-contained tutorial that works both as an introduction to the technology and as a reference for the experienced lithographer. It reviews the foundations of statistical process control as background for advanced topics such as complex processes and feedback. In addition, it presents control  Read more...
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Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Harry J Levinson
ISBN: 0819430528 9780819430526
OCLC Number: 39875237
Description: x, 190 pages : illustrations ; 26 cm.
Contents: ch. 1. Introduction to the use of statistical process control in lithography --
ch. 2. Sampling --
ch. 3. Simple and complex processes --
ch. 4. Linewidth control --
ch. 5. Overlay --
ch. 6. Yield --
ch. 7. Process drift and automatic process control --
ch. 8. Metrology --
ch. 9. Control of operations. 1. Introduction to the use of statistical process control in lithography --
The assumptions underlying statistical process control --
The properties of statistical process control --
Situations in lithography where statistical process control cannot be applied naively --
Non-normal distributions --
Process capability --
2. Sampling --
Choosing the proper sample size --
Measurement location considerations --
Correlations --
Measurement frequency --
Systematic sources of variation --
3. Simple and complex processes --
Definitions --
Why test wafers are useful --
How to address complex processes in lithography --
Distinguishing between layer-specific and equipment-specific effects --
4. Linewidth control --
Cause and effect --
Independent variables --
Exposure dose --
Resist thickness --
Focus --
Bake temperatures --
Resist development --
Humidity --
DUV resists--special considerations --
Contributions from reticles --
Maximizing the process window --
5. Overlay --
Overlay models --
Matching --
Contributions from processing and alignment mark optimization --
Addressing the problem of non-normal distributions --
Outliers --
6. Yield --
Yield monitor strategy --
Yield models --
Parameters which affect yield --
7. Process drift and automatic process control --
Adjusting for process drift --
The exponentially-weighted moving average --
Automatic process control --
8. Metrology --
The need for understanding the measurement process: defect detection --
Linewidth measurement using scanning electron microscopes --
Electrical linewidth measurement --
Measurement error budgets --
Measurement of overlay --
9. Control of operations --
Self-control --
Documentation --
ISO 9000.
Series Title: Tutorial texts in optical engineering, v. TT 28.
Responsibility: Harry J. Levinson.

Abstract:

This text is intended to be a self-contained tutorial on lithography process control. It works as an introduction to those entering the field, and as a reference for the experienced lithography  Read more...

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