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Local justice in America

Author: Jon Elster
Publisher: New York : Russell Sage Foundation, ©1995.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
Notions of justice and fairness are central to the American belief that the pursuit of a healthy and productive life is the right of all citizens. Yet in the real world there are seldom sufficient resources to meet the needs of everyone, and institutions are routinely forced to make difficult decisions regarding who will be favored and who will not. Local Justice in America is an insightful look into how selections
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Genre/Form: Case studies
Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Local justice in America
(DLC) 94039623
(OCoLC)31375062
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Jon Elster
ISBN: 9781610441858 1610441850
OCLC Number: 907642587
Description: 1 online resource (xi, 328 pages)
Contents: Introduction: the idea of local justice / Jon Elster --
The allocation of college admissions / Patricia Conley --
Scarce medical resources: hemodialysis and kidney transplantation / J. Michael Dennis --
Layoffs: principles and practices / Stuart Romm --
U.S. immigration policy and local justice / Gerry Mackie --
Conclusion: local justice and American values / Jon Elster.
Responsibility: Jon Elster, editor.

Abstract:

Notions of justice and fairness are central to the American belief that the pursuit of a healthy and productive life is the right of all citizens. Yet in the real world there are seldom sufficient resources to meet the needs of everyone, and institutions are routinely forced to make difficult decisions regarding who will be favored and who will not. Local Justice in America is an insightful look into how selections are made in four critical areas: college admissions, kidney transplants, employee layoffs, and legalized immigration. This volume's case studies survey the history and modern rationale behind seemingly enigmatic allocation systems, chronicling the political and ethical debates, occasional scandals, and judicial battles that have shaped them. Though these selection processes differ significantly, each reflects a bitter struggle between opposing - and equally intense - principles of local justice.

In framing chapters, editor Jon Elster draws upon these studies to speculate on the unique nature of the American value system. Arguing that race matters deeply in all considerations of local justice, he discusses how our society's assessment of neediness balances on the often uneasy compromises between the desire to reward deserving individuals and the call to strengthen opportunities for disadvantaged groups. Well informed and stimulating, Local Justice in America speaks directly to policy debates in the fields of health, education, work, and immigration, and makes an important contribution to our understanding of the fundamental social issues that affect our daily welfare.

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