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Location of study and the labour market success of immigrants to Canada

Author: Jacques Ewoudou; Statistics Canada. Culture, Tourism and the Centre for Education Statistics.
Publisher: Ottawa, Ont. : Statistics Canada, Culture, Tourism and the Centre for Education Statistics Division, ©2011.
Series: Culture, Tourism and the Centre for Education Statistics, research papers, no. 093.; Research paper (Statistics Canada)
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : National government publication : EnglishView all editions and formats
Database:WorldCat
Summary:
This report uses data from the 2006 Census of Population to examine the extent to which the location completion of highest postsecondary diploma/degree completion affects the relative labour market success of immigrants to in Canada. Using descriptive and multivariate techniques, different immigrant cohorts are compared to the Canadian-born with respect to labour force status, earnings and the match between  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Statistics
Statistiques
Material Type: Document, Government publication, National government publication, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Jacques Ewoudou; Statistics Canada. Culture, Tourism and the Centre for Education Statistics.
ISBN: 9781100192024 1100192026
OCLC Number: 760992887
Notes: "Catalogue no. 81-595-M."
"September 2011."
Chapter 10. Concluding remarks.
Chapter 4. Data.
Chapter 3. Where does this study stand?
Chapter 2. Literature review.
Chapter 1. Introduction.
Description: 1 online resource (106 pages) : color illustrations, digital file.
Contents: Chapter 8. Sensitivity analysis --
8.1. Sensitivity analysis for immigration status bias --
8.2. Sensitivity analysis for the "optimal" base group bias. Chapter 9. Discussion --
9.1. Contribution of the current study --
9.2. Other findings --
9.3. Limitations and caveats. Chapter 6. Empirical strategies --
6.1. Labour force status --
6.2. Employment earnings. Chapter 7. Multivariate analysis --
7.1. Results: Labour force status --
7.1.1. Very-recent immigrants --
7.1.2. Recent immigrants --
7.1.2. Established immigrants --
7.2. Results: Employment earnings --
7.2.1. Very-recent immigrants --
7.2.2. Recent immigrants --
7.2.3. Established immigrants. Chapter 5. Descriptive analysis --
5.1. Education levels by location of postsecondary study and immigration status --
5.2. Fields of study by location of postsecondary study and immigration status --
5.3. Labour force status, by location of study and immigration status --
5.4. Employment earnings differentials between the Canadian-born and immigrants. Acknowledgements --
Acronyms --
Definition of concepts used in this report --
Immigration status --
Labour force status --
Other concepts --
Executive summary --
Background --
The current study --
Findings --
Implications.
Series Title: Culture, Tourism and the Centre for Education Statistics, research papers, no. 093.; Research paper (Statistics Canada)
Other Titles: Lieu des études et succès des immigrants du Canada sur le marché du travail
Responsibility: Jacques Ewoudou.
More information:

Abstract:

This report uses data from the 2006 Census of Population to examine the extent to which the location completion of highest postsecondary diploma/degree completion affects the relative labour market success of immigrants to in Canada. Using descriptive and multivariate techniques, different immigrant cohorts are compared to the Canadian-born with respect to labour force status, earnings and the match between occupation and required schooling. In line with prior Canadian research, we find that in comparison with the Canadian-born, immigrants, especially very-recent immigrants, are more likely to be out of the labour force and less likely to be paid employees, even after accounting for a set of pertinent variables drawn from prior research. When employed, they are much more likely to be overeducated and less likely to be correctly matched or self-employed. They are also more likely to face an earnings disadvantage in Canada's labour markets. Location of study plays a role. Those who completed their postsecondary education in the United Kingdom, France, the United States or, to some extent in Germany, were much more likely to do well on Canada's labour markets in terms of employment ratios and earnings, regardless of immigration cohort, compared to those who completed their postsecondary studies in any other foreign country, especially China, the Russian Federation, Pakistan or South Korea. This finding leads us to conclude that many prospective employers who use education to assess the potential productivity of prospective labour market participants may perceive the 'outcomes' of the British, American, French and German postsecondary education systems as having components that are more easily transferable to Canada than the 'outcomes' of the Chinese, Russian Federation, Pakistani and South Korean postsecondary education systems. Our results lend support to the idea that many Canadian employers and several other stakeholders (such as regulatory bodies, assessment agencies, etc.) may not value postsecondary educational qualifications from all source regions equally.

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