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Long-term declines in disability among older men : medical care, public health, and occupational change

Author: Dora L Costa; National Bureau of Economic Research.
Publisher: Cambridge, MA : National Bureau of Economic Research, ©2000.
Series: Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research), working paper no. 7605.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
Abstract: Functional disability (difficulty in walking, difficulty in bending, paralysis, blindness in at least one eye, and deafness in at least one ear) in the United States has fallen at an average annual rate of 0.6 percent among men age 50 to 74 from the early twentieth century to the early 1990s. Twenty-four to 41 percent of this decline is attributable to innovations in medical care, 37 percent to reduced  Read more...
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Genre/Form: History
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Dora L Costa; National Bureau of Economic Research.
OCLC Number: 70123414
Notes: "March 2000."
Description: 1 online resource (44 pages).
Series Title: Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research), working paper no. 7605.
Responsibility: Dora L. Costa.

Abstract:

Abstract: Functional disability (difficulty in walking, difficulty in bending, paralysis, blindness in at least one eye, and deafness in at least one ear) in the United States has fallen at an average annual rate of 0.6 percent among men age 50 to 74 from the early twentieth century to the early 1990s. Twenty-four to 41 percent of this decline is attributable to innovations in medical care, 37 percent to reduced chronic disease rates, and the remainder is unexplained. The portion due to reduced chronic disease rates can be subdivided into the 9 percent accounted for by reduced infectious disease rates (particularly rheumatic fever, malaria, typhoid, and acute respiratory infections), the 7 percent accounted for by occupational shifts away from manual labor and to white collar jobs, and the 21 percent that is unexplained.

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