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Long-term unemployment and the Great Recession : the role of composition, duration dependence, and non-participation

Author: Kory Kroft; Fabian Lange; Matt Notowidigdo; Lawrence F Katz; National Bureau of Economic Research,
Publisher: Cambridge, Mass. : National Bureau of Economic Research, 2014.
Series: Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research), no. 20273.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Database:WorldCat
Summary:
We explore the extent to which composition, duration dependence, and labor force non-participation can account for the sharp increase in the incidence of long-term unemployment (LTU) during the Great Recession. We first show that compositional shifts in demographics, occupation, industry, region, and the reason for unemployment jointly account for very little of the observed increase in LTU. Next, using panel data  Read more...
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Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Kory Kroft; Fabian Lange; Matt Notowidigdo; Lawrence F Katz; National Bureau of Economic Research,
OCLC Number: 884809878
Notes: "June 2014"
Description: 1 online resource (44 pages) : illustrations.
Series Title: Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research), no. 20273.
Responsibility: Kory Kroft, Fabian Lange, Matthew J. Notowidigdo, Lawrence F. Katz.

Abstract:

We explore the extent to which composition, duration dependence, and labor force non-participation can account for the sharp increase in the incidence of long-term unemployment (LTU) during the Great Recession. We first show that compositional shifts in demographics, occupation, industry, region, and the reason for unemployment jointly account for very little of the observed increase in LTU. Next, using panel data from the Current Population Survey for 2002-2007, we calibrate a matching model that allows for duration dependence in the exit rate from unemployment and for transitions between employment (E), unemployment (U), and non-participation (N). We model the job-finding rates for the unemployed and non-participants, and we use observed vacancy rates and the transition rates from E-to-U, E-to-N, N-to-U, and U-to-N as the exogenous "forcing variables" of the model. The calibrated model can account for almost all of the increase in the incidence of LTU and much of the observed outward shift in the Beveridge curve between 2008 and 2013. Both negative duration dependence in the job-finding rate for the unemployed and transitions to and from non-participation contribute significantly to the ability of the model to match the data after 2008.

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