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Lost letters of medieval life : English society, 1200-1250

Verfasser/in: Martha Carlin; David Crouch
Verlag: Philadelphia : University of Pennsylvania Press, ©2013.
Serien: Middle Ages series.
Ausgabe/Format   Buch : Englisch : 1st edAlle Ausgaben und Formate anzeigen
Datenbank:WorldCat
Zusammenfassung:

Drawn from two medieval collections of form letters for all manner of business and personal affairs, Lost Letters of Medieval Life depicts early thirteenth-century England through the everyday  Weiterlesen…

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Gattung/Form: Quelle
Early works to 1800
Sources
Dokumenttyp: Buch
Alle Autoren: Martha Carlin; David Crouch
ISBN: 9780812244595 0812244591
OCLC-Nummer: 795175110
Beschreibung: xxvi, 334 pages : illustrations, map ; 24 cm.
Inhalt: Machine generated contents note: The Lost Letters --
Early Formularies --
British Library, Additional MS 8167 --
Bodleian Library, Fairfax MS 27 --
Other Related Formularies --
England, 1199-1250 --
Oxford, c. 1200-1250 --
Literacy in Early Thirteenth-Century England --
Language and Structure of the Letters --
Editorial Principles --
ch. 1 Money --
Credit, Debt, and Commerce --
1. Legal Agreement for Pledging a Rural Estate --
2. An Earl Orders Wine from His Vintner --
3. How the Vintner Should Respond if the Earl Has a Good Credit Rating --
4. How the Vintner Should Respond if the Earl Does Not Repay His Debts --
5. An Earl Orders Cloth from His Draper, to Whom He Owes Money --
6. An Earl Orders Furs from His Skinner, to Whom He Owes Money --
7. The Manner in Which One Should Write a Positive or Negative Response to a Request --
8. Letter of Refusal from a Skinner Ruined by a Fire --
9.A Friend Requests Five Marks to Buy Wool --
10.A Friend Requests a Loan to Buy Wool and Cloth at the Fair --
11.A Man Sends Pledges That His Neighbor Can Use to Secure a Loan --
The Jews --
12.A Friend Begs for Money to Repay a Loan --
13.A Letter of Response: Buying a Horse for One's Lord --
14.A Letter of Refusal: Rejecting a Subordinate's Request for a Second Loan --
Household Provisioning and Hospitality --
15. Instructions for Writing Orders or Prohibitions: An Earl Orders His Steward to Send Him a Supply of Wine and Ale --
16.A Friend Warns Another to Buy Grain Against a Coming Dearth --
17. An Archdeacon Sends Word to a Dean About an Impending Visitation by the Bishop --
18.A Rural Dean Warns a Priest of an Imminent Visit from the Bishop and Advises Him to Obtain an Appropriate Variety of Foods --
19. The King Orders a Sheriff to Commandeer Wine for His Use and Transport for It, and to Deal Sharply with Any Resistance --
Accounts --
20. The Manner of Keeping Accounts --
21. Model Manorial Account for a Six-Year Period [September 29, 1222-September 29, 1228] --
22. Instructions for Keeping a Travel Account, Followed by a Daily Household Account --
23. Further Instructions for Keeping Travel Accounts, Followed by Another Daily Household Account --
ch. 2 War And Politics --
War --
24. An Earl Summons His Knights to Military Service Overseas --
25.A Knight Responds to a Summons for Military Service by Asking for a Cash Loan to Meet His Expenses --
26.A Man Asks a Friend to Make His Excuses to the King for Being Unable to Respond to a Summons --
27.A Man Cautions a Friend That He Should Provide for the Knights Committed to His Custody or His Fortune Might Suffer at Court --
28.A Man Advises His Friend to Guard Well the Imprisoned Knights in His Charge --
29. The Sheriff of Cambridge Orders the Serjeants of a Hundred to Summon Those Who Owe the King Military Service to Assemble at Portsmouth to Go Overseas --
30. The King Writes to the Earl of Chester Requesting Aid Against the Welsh Under Prince Llywelyn --
31. The King Summons an Army to the Defense of His Interests in Wales --
32. The King's Liege Men Warn Him About Secret Confederacies Between Some of His Own Men and the Welsh, Which Threaten the Success of His Campaign --
33.A Warning to a Friend to Get His Grain off the Road, Because the King Is About to Go to Wales and Will Seize All Provisions That He Finds Along the Way --
Politics --
34. King Henry III of England Requests an Aid for the Marriage of His Sister --
35.A Magnate Replies to the King Acknowledging the King's Right but Reminding Him Not to Overburden His Subjects When He Has Income of His Own --
36. The Bishops and Church Dignitaries Recommend to the Magnates and Knights of England that They Take Counsel over the King's Position on Taxation --
37.A Knight Seeks Advice Concerning the King's Supposed Willingness to Marry Noble Young Women to Men Below Their Social Station --
38. His Colleague Reassures the Knight that Disparagement Is Against the Articles of Magna Carta, and Assures Him of His Assistance --
ch. 3 Lordship And Administration --
Law and Order --
39.A Constable Orders His Bailiffs to Discover Who Are the Robbers Plaguing Their Jurisdictions and to Stop Them --
40. The King Orders a Sheriff to Find and Hang the Thieves Who Have Been Burgling Village Homes by Night --
41. The Sheriff Informs the King of the Result of His Pursuit of the Robbers --
42.A Landowner in the King's Service Complains to a Sheriff that His Men Are Being Harassed by the Sheriff's Officers for Suit of County and Hundred Despite His Exemption --
43.A Man Asks a Sheriff to Release Goods Seized for an Unpaid Fine Owed to the King --
44.A Man Asks a Friend to Come to London with Him to Act for Him in a Canon Law Suit --
45.A Letter to a Friend Requesting Legal Assistance on Another's Behalf --
46.A Man Asks a Friend for the Services of His Attorney to Appear in His Place at the Royal Court --
Lordship and Manorial Administration --
47. An Earl Asks an Agent to Get Him Money for a Replacement Mount --
48.A Lord Responds with Threats to an Attack on His Dependents --
49.A Villein Refuses a Request for the Loan of a Plow and Oxen Because He Needs Them Himself --
50.A Tenant Informs on a Landowner's Corrupt Bailiff --
51. The Same Bailiff Sends His Rebuttal to His Lord --
52.A Knight Orders a Bailiff Accused of Fraud to Present His Accounts for Inspection --
53.A Landowner Sends a List of Instructions to His Bailiff --
Ecclesiastical Administration --
54. Bishop H[ugh] of Lincoln Orders His Official to Prohibit Two Men from Leaving a Town Until a Major Lawsuit Between Them Has Been Settled by a Forthcoming Diocesan Assembly --
55. An Archdeacon Writes to a Rural Dean to Charge Him with the Collection of a Clerical Tax, and to Order Him to Correct the Misbehavior of Chaplains in His Deanery --
56.A Bishop's Official Writes to an Archdeacon's Official to Certify the Credentials of a Chaplain Who Wishes to Move to the Latter's District --
57.A Chaplain Who Is Worried About Losing His Job Writes to a Fellow-Chaplain for Advice and Help --
Forests and Hunting --
58. The King Orders a Sheriff to Inquire into the Poaching of Game in a Royal Forest --
59. The King Orders a Sheriff to Arrest the Corrupt Foresters Under His Command Who Have Been Selling Oak Trees from the Royal Forest --
60.A Sheriff Tells the King that He Cannot Comply with a Command to Provide Venison, Because the Adjoining Forests Belong to the King of Scots, Whose Foresters Refuse to Allow Him to Take Game There --
61.A Baron Asks Another Baron to Send Him Game and Fish to Stock His New Park and Fishpond, and in Return He Sends Hunting Dogs, Hawks, and Falcons --
62.A Baron Asks a Baron to Have the Latter's Son Train His Goshawk, Which He Sends --
Tournaments --
63. An Earl Invites a Baron to Join His Tournament Retinue --
64.A Knight Orders His Bailiff to Provide for His Arrival with Edmund de Lacy, Constable of Chester, and Twenty Knights, Who Are on Their Way to a Tournament at Blyth --
65. The Earl of Warenne Beseeches the Count of Aumale to Come to a Tournament that He Has Sponsored, Because He and His Knights Are Rusty from Lack of Practice and Need His Help --
66. An Earl Writes to Another Earl to Request a Brief Pause Between Tournaments, to Enable Everyone to Take a Little Break Before Resuming Combat --
67. An Earl Asks a Baron to Send Him a Destrier Equipped for a Tournament --
68. The Baron Agrees to Lend His Destrier to the Earl, Because His Legal Affairs Will Prevent Him from Attending the Tournament Himself --
ch. 4 Family And Community --
News, Gossip, and Family --
69.A Serjeant Writes to His Master, a Knight, to Justify His Refusal to Obey the Orders of the Knight's Wife --
70.A Man Warns His Friend that He Has Seen the Latter's Wife Naked in Bed with Another Man, and Sends Her Girdle as Evidence --
71. Bishop H[ugh] of C[arlisle] Orders His Archdeacon to Inquire About Adulterers in His Archdeaconry --
72. An Archdeacon Orders a Dean to Investigate the Alleged Bribing of a Chaplain by an Adulterer to Conceal His Affair --
73.A Rural Dean Offers to Cover Up an Allegation Against a Chaplain of Adultery with the Wife of One of His Parishioners --
74.A Steward Writes to His Lord About a Gravely Ill Knight Whose Wife and Daughter Have Gone Elsewhere --
75.A Man of Property Writes Home to His Wife, Niece, and Servants --
76.A Wife Writes to Her Absent Husband --
77.A Knight in the Queen's Service Asks His Wife to Send Him Linen Cloth and Sheets --
78.A Man Asks a Friend to Take His Son into His Service --
Student Life --
79.A Student Tells His Friends that He Is Going to Become a Monk --
80.A Student at Paris Writes to His Father for Money --
81.A Student at Oxford Writes to His Father for Money --
82.A Student at Oxford Writes to His Mother for Money --
83.A Son Responds to a Letter from His Father --
84.A Master Tells His Student to Stop Wasting Time --
Neighborliness and Community --
85. An Angry Letter of Refusal --
86.A Friend Requests Assistance for a Kinsman --
87.A Man Who Assisted His Friend's Kinsman Requests Reimbursement for His Expenses --
88.A Man Refuses to Aid His Friend's Shiftless Kinsman and Warns Against Lending Him Further Funds --
89.A Man Thanks His Friend for a Loan and Promises to Repay It with Grain After the Harvest --
90.A Neighbor Requests the Loan of a Plow and Plowshare Until He Can Get Some Iron to Have a Plowshare Made for His Own Plow --
91.A Neighbor Requests Financial Assistance Following a Burglary --
92. The Burglary Victim's Neighbor Agrees to Assist Him --
93.A Peasant Writes to Another About His Adversities --
ch. 5 A Knight's Correspondence: Building A Barn And A Windmill --
94.A Knight Informs His Friend, a Royal Forester, that the King Has Granted Him Four Oak Trees with Which to Build a Windmill --
95. The Royal Forester Responds with an Offer of Assistance --
96. The Royal Forester Orders His Serjeants to Assist the Knight --
97. The Knight Hires a Carpenter to Finish the Windmill and Build a Barn. Note continued: 98. The Knight Orders the Bailiff of His Manor to Attend to Various Tasks, to Organize the Delivery of the Timber for the New Windmill and Barn, and to Prepare Provisions for the Forthcoming Visit of the Knight and His Household --
99. The Bailiff Reports to the Knight that He Has Taken Care of Everything, and that He Has Borrowed Money on the Knight's Behalf to Cover the Expenses --
100. The Knight Asks His Wife to Join Him at the Manor Where the Mill and Barn Are Under Construction, and to Stay on After His Return to Court.
Serientitel: Middle Ages series.
Verfasserangabe: edited and translated by Martha Carlin and David Crouch.

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schema:description"Machine generated contents note: The Lost Letters -- Early Formularies -- British Library, Additional MS 8167 -- Bodleian Library, Fairfax MS 27 -- Other Related Formularies -- England, 1199-1250 -- Oxford, c. 1200-1250 -- Literacy in Early Thirteenth-Century England -- Language and Structure of the Letters -- Editorial Principles -- ch. 1 Money -- Credit, Debt, and Commerce -- 1. Legal Agreement for Pledging a Rural Estate -- 2. An Earl Orders Wine from His Vintner -- 3. How the Vintner Should Respond if the Earl Has a Good Credit Rating -- 4. How the Vintner Should Respond if the Earl Does Not Repay His Debts -- 5. An Earl Orders Cloth from His Draper, to Whom He Owes Money -- 6. An Earl Orders Furs from His Skinner, to Whom He Owes Money -- 7. The Manner in Which One Should Write a Positive or Negative Response to a Request -- 8. Letter of Refusal from a Skinner Ruined by a Fire -- 9.A Friend Requests Five Marks to Buy Wool -- 10.A Friend Requests a Loan to Buy Wool and Cloth at the Fair -- 11.A Man Sends Pledges That His Neighbor Can Use to Secure a Loan -- The Jews -- 12.A Friend Begs for Money to Repay a Loan -- 13.A Letter of Response: Buying a Horse for One's Lord -- 14.A Letter of Refusal: Rejecting a Subordinate's Request for a Second Loan -- Household Provisioning and Hospitality -- 15. Instructions for Writing Orders or Prohibitions: An Earl Orders His Steward to Send Him a Supply of Wine and Ale -- 16.A Friend Warns Another to Buy Grain Against a Coming Dearth -- 17. An Archdeacon Sends Word to a Dean About an Impending Visitation by the Bishop -- 18.A Rural Dean Warns a Priest of an Imminent Visit from the Bishop and Advises Him to Obtain an Appropriate Variety of Foods -- 19. The King Orders a Sheriff to Commandeer Wine for His Use and Transport for It, and to Deal Sharply with Any Resistance -- Accounts -- 20. The Manner of Keeping Accounts -- 21. Model Manorial Account for a Six-Year Period [September 29, 1222-September 29, 1228] -- 22. Instructions for Keeping a Travel Account, Followed by a Daily Household Account -- 23. Further Instructions for Keeping Travel Accounts, Followed by Another Daily Household Account -- ch. 2 War And Politics -- War -- 24. An Earl Summons His Knights to Military Service Overseas -- 25.A Knight Responds to a Summons for Military Service by Asking for a Cash Loan to Meet His Expenses -- 26.A Man Asks a Friend to Make His Excuses to the King for Being Unable to Respond to a Summons -- 27.A Man Cautions a Friend That He Should Provide for the Knights Committed to His Custody or His Fortune Might Suffer at Court -- 28.A Man Advises His Friend to Guard Well the Imprisoned Knights in His Charge -- 29. The Sheriff of Cambridge Orders the Serjeants of a Hundred to Summon Those Who Owe the King Military Service to Assemble at Portsmouth to Go Overseas -- 30. The King Writes to the Earl of Chester Requesting Aid Against the Welsh Under Prince Llywelyn -- 31. The King Summons an Army to the Defense of His Interests in Wales -- 32. The King's Liege Men Warn Him About Secret Confederacies Between Some of His Own Men and the Welsh, Which Threaten the Success of His Campaign -- 33.A Warning to a Friend to Get His Grain off the Road, Because the King Is About to Go to Wales and Will Seize All Provisions That He Finds Along the Way -- Politics -- 34. King Henry III of England Requests an Aid for the Marriage of His Sister -- 35.A Magnate Replies to the King Acknowledging the King's Right but Reminding Him Not to Overburden His Subjects When He Has Income of His Own -- 36. The Bishops and Church Dignitaries Recommend to the Magnates and Knights of England that They Take Counsel over the King's Position on Taxation -- 37.A Knight Seeks Advice Concerning the King's Supposed Willingness to Marry Noble Young Women to Men Below Their Social Station -- 38. His Colleague Reassures the Knight that Disparagement Is Against the Articles of Magna Carta, and Assures Him of His Assistance -- ch. 3 Lordship And Administration -- Law and Order -- 39.A Constable Orders His Bailiffs to Discover Who Are the Robbers Plaguing Their Jurisdictions and to Stop Them -- 40. The King Orders a Sheriff to Find and Hang the Thieves Who Have Been Burgling Village Homes by Night -- 41. The Sheriff Informs the King of the Result of His Pursuit of the Robbers -- 42.A Landowner in the King's Service Complains to a Sheriff that His Men Are Being Harassed by the Sheriff's Officers for Suit of County and Hundred Despite His Exemption -- 43.A Man Asks a Sheriff to Release Goods Seized for an Unpaid Fine Owed to the King -- 44.A Man Asks a Friend to Come to London with Him to Act for Him in a Canon Law Suit -- 45.A Letter to a Friend Requesting Legal Assistance on Another's Behalf -- 46.A Man Asks a Friend for the Services of His Attorney to Appear in His Place at the Royal Court -- Lordship and Manorial Administration -- 47. An Earl Asks an Agent to Get Him Money for a Replacement Mount -- 48.A Lord Responds with Threats to an Attack on His Dependents -- 49.A Villein Refuses a Request for the Loan of a Plow and Oxen Because He Needs Them Himself -- 50.A Tenant Informs on a Landowner's Corrupt Bailiff -- 51. The Same Bailiff Sends His Rebuttal to His Lord -- 52.A Knight Orders a Bailiff Accused of Fraud to Present His Accounts for Inspection -- 53.A Landowner Sends a List of Instructions to His Bailiff -- Ecclesiastical Administration -- 54. Bishop H[ugh] of Lincoln Orders His Official to Prohibit Two Men from Leaving a Town Until a Major Lawsuit Between Them Has Been Settled by a Forthcoming Diocesan Assembly -- 55. An Archdeacon Writes to a Rural Dean to Charge Him with the Collection of a Clerical Tax, and to Order Him to Correct the Misbehavior of Chaplains in His Deanery -- 56.A Bishop's Official Writes to an Archdeacon's Official to Certify the Credentials of a Chaplain Who Wishes to Move to the Latter's District -- 57.A Chaplain Who Is Worried About Losing His Job Writes to a Fellow-Chaplain for Advice and Help -- Forests and Hunting -- 58. The King Orders a Sheriff to Inquire into the Poaching of Game in a Royal Forest -- 59. The King Orders a Sheriff to Arrest the Corrupt Foresters Under His Command Who Have Been Selling Oak Trees from the Royal Forest -- 60.A Sheriff Tells the King that He Cannot Comply with a Command to Provide Venison, Because the Adjoining Forests Belong to the King of Scots, Whose Foresters Refuse to Allow Him to Take Game There -- 61.A Baron Asks Another Baron to Send Him Game and Fish to Stock His New Park and Fishpond, and in Return He Sends Hunting Dogs, Hawks, and Falcons -- 62.A Baron Asks a Baron to Have the Latter's Son Train His Goshawk, Which He Sends -- Tournaments -- 63. An Earl Invites a Baron to Join His Tournament Retinue -- 64.A Knight Orders His Bailiff to Provide for His Arrival with Edmund de Lacy, Constable of Chester, and Twenty Knights, Who Are on Their Way to a Tournament at Blyth -- 65. The Earl of Warenne Beseeches the Count of Aumale to Come to a Tournament that He Has Sponsored, Because He and His Knights Are Rusty from Lack of Practice and Need His Help -- 66. An Earl Writes to Another Earl to Request a Brief Pause Between Tournaments, to Enable Everyone to Take a Little Break Before Resuming Combat -- 67. An Earl Asks a Baron to Send Him a Destrier Equipped for a Tournament -- 68. The Baron Agrees to Lend His Destrier to the Earl, Because His Legal Affairs Will Prevent Him from Attending the Tournament Himself -- ch. 4 Family And Community -- News, Gossip, and Family -- 69.A Serjeant Writes to His Master, a Knight, to Justify His Refusal to Obey the Orders of the Knight's Wife -- 70.A Man Warns His Friend that He Has Seen the Latter's Wife Naked in Bed with Another Man, and Sends Her Girdle as Evidence -- 71. Bishop H[ugh] of C[arlisle] Orders His Archdeacon to Inquire About Adulterers in His Archdeaconry -- 72. An Archdeacon Orders a Dean to Investigate the Alleged Bribing of a Chaplain by an Adulterer to Conceal His Affair -- 73.A Rural Dean Offers to Cover Up an Allegation Against a Chaplain of Adultery with the Wife of One of His Parishioners -- 74.A Steward Writes to His Lord About a Gravely Ill Knight Whose Wife and Daughter Have Gone Elsewhere -- 75.A Man of Property Writes Home to His Wife, Niece, and Servants -- 76.A Wife Writes to Her Absent Husband -- 77.A Knight in the Queen's Service Asks His Wife to Send Him Linen Cloth and Sheets -- 78.A Man Asks a Friend to Take His Son into His Service -- Student Life -- 79.A Student Tells His Friends that He Is Going to Become a Monk -- 80.A Student at Paris Writes to His Father for Money -- 81.A Student at Oxford Writes to His Father for Money -- 82.A Student at Oxford Writes to His Mother for Money -- 83.A Son Responds to a Letter from His Father -- 84.A Master Tells His Student to Stop Wasting Time -- Neighborliness and Community -- 85. An Angry Letter of Refusal -- 86.A Friend Requests Assistance for a Kinsman -- 87.A Man Who Assisted His Friend's Kinsman Requests Reimbursement for His Expenses -- 88.A Man Refuses to Aid His Friend's Shiftless Kinsman and Warns Against Lending Him Further Funds -- 89.A Man Thanks His Friend for a Loan and Promises to Repay It with Grain After the Harvest -- 90.A Neighbor Requests the Loan of a Plow and Plowshare Until He Can Get Some Iron to Have a Plowshare Made for His Own Plow -- 91.A Neighbor Requests Financial Assistance Following a Burglary -- 92. The Burglary Victim's Neighbor Agrees to Assist Him -- 93.A Peasant Writes to Another About His Adversities -- ch. 5 A Knight's Correspondence: Building A Barn And A Windmill -- 94.A Knight Informs His Friend, a Royal Forester, that the King Has Granted Him Four Oak Trees with Which to Build a Windmill -- 95. The Royal Forester Responds with an Offer of Assistance -- 96. 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