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The Lumière autochrome : history, technology, and preservation

Author: Bertrand Lavédrine; Jean-Paul Gandolfo; Christine Capderou; Ronan Guinée; John P McElhone
Publisher: Los Angeles : Getty Conservation Institute, ©2013.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
Louis Lumière is perhaps best known for his seminal role in the invention of cinema, but his most important contribution to the history of photography was the autochrome. Engagingly written and superbly illustrated with over 300 images, The Lumière Autochrome tells the fascinating story of the first industrially produced form of colour photography. Initial chapters present the Lumière family enterprise, set out  Read more...
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Genre/Form: History
Named Person: Auguste Lumière; Louis Lumière; Auguste Lumière; Louis Lumière; Auguste Lumière; Louis Lumière; Louis Lumière; Auguste Lumière
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Bertrand Lavédrine; Jean-Paul Gandolfo; Christine Capderou; Ronan Guinée; John P McElhone
ISBN: 9781606061251 1606061259
OCLC Number: 793572725
Description: xiv, 386 pages : color illustrations ; 26 cm
Contents: Foreword / Timothy P. Whalen --
1. The Lumière family enterprise : Antoine Lumière: the launch of a photographic enterprise --
Louis and Auguste Lumière: from craft to industry --
Historical testimony : Manufacture of photographic plates in the Lumière factory --
A slowdown in growth : Negotiations with the Eastman Kodak Company ; A trans-European industry --
Historical testimony : A chemist in the employ of Louis Lumière --
Archives of the Planet Portfolio I: Auguste Léon, Paris. 2. Solutions to the problem of color in photography : Color photography in the nineteenth century : Direct color photographs : Pioneers; Gabriel Lippmann's interference process of color photography; Making Lippmann photography work ; Indirect color photographs : The first attempts; The three-color photographs of Charles Cros and Louis Ducos du Hauron --
The Lumière brothers' first efforts to commercialize a color photographic process : 1891-1894: the Lippmann process ; 1894-1900: the three-color transparency process ; 1900-1907: the invention of the autochrome : Perfecting the process; Competition in the market of additive screen processes --
Color screen plates: technical aspects : Scale of the screen ; Spectral parameters ; The photosensitive emulsion --
Industrial protection of the autochrome : Patents for color screen plates ; Patents on the autochrome --
Archives of the Planet Portfolio II: Marguerite Mespoulet, Ireland. 3. Technical challenges in the manufacture of autochrome plates : First challenge: choosing a material for the microparticles : Why potato starch? Granule size --
Historical testimony : Producing starch microgranules at Juré --
Sorting the starch granules to isolate the 12- to 16-micron particles --
Second challenge: dyeing the starch granules : The autochrome dyes ; Mixing the three lots of colored starch granules ; Adhering the starch granules to the plate --
Third challenge: compressing the screen elements : The autochrome press --
Fourth challenge: the varnish and photosensitive layers : Protection for the screen layer ; The photosensitive layer --
Historical testimony : A social chronicle of autochrome plate manufacture. The manufacture of autochrome plates, 1907-1930 : Selection of starch granules in the correct size range ; Dyeing the starch granules ; Mixing the dyed granules ; Applying the first varnish ; Dusting-on of the starch granules ; Compressing the screen ; Applying the second varnish ; Applying the emulsion ; Exposing the plate ; Hypersensitization applied to autochrome plates ; Processing ; Applying the final varnish and mounting --
Historical testimony : Autochrome processing away from home --
Archives of the Planet Portfolio III: Paul Castelnau, Arabia. 4. The preservation of autochromes : The stability of autochromes --
The conservation of autochromes : Environment ; Physical protection ; Display and projection ; The conservation treatment of autochromes --
A guide to autochrome plate characteristics: condition, inherent Flaws, deterioration --
Reprography of autochromes --
Viewing autochrome images ; Reproducing the rendition of autochrome images using modern materials ; Digitization of autochromes at the Musée départemental Albert-Kahn --
Experiments in industrial archaeology: making autochromes a century later --
Archives of the Planet Portfolio IV: Stéphane Passet, Mongolia --
5. The rise and fall of the autochrome : Color for everyone --
An inevitable decline --
World War II: a decisive turning point --
Homage to Louis and Auguste Lumière --
Archives of the Planet Portfolio V: Léon Busy, Indochina. Appendix I. The Lumière notebooks : Louis Lumière's notes from the early years of autochrome plate manufacture --
Workshop notebook describing autochrome plate manufacture, ca. 1910 --
Workshop notebook describing autochrome plate manufacture, 1929 --
Appendix II. Patent documents : French Patent No. 245,948. 22 March 1895: a photographic process using bichromated colloids that gives, without transfer, continuous tone images, and its application to color photography --
French Patent No. 305,784. 27 November 1900: a new type of color --
French Patent No. 339,223. 17 December 1903: color photography process : First addition, No. 3,891. 13 January 1904 ; Second addition, No. 4,290. 9 November 1904 ; Third addition, No. 7,230. 5 April 1906 --
U.S. Patent No. 822,532. 5 June 1906: photographic plate for color photography.
Other Titles: Autochrome Lumière.
Responsibility: Bertrand Lavédrine and Jean-Paul Gandolfo ; with the collaboration of Christine Capderou and Ronan Guinée ; translated by John McElhone.

Abstract:

Louis Lumiere is perhaps best known for his seminal role in the invention of cinema, but his most important contribution to the history of photography was the autochrome. This book treats the  Read more...

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"A kind of Swiss Army knife of a book, covering not only the Lumi re family's pioneering photographic inventions, dating to the mid-1880s, but also the history of color photography and technical Read more...

 
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