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Made in Hanford : the bomb that changed the world

Author: Hill Williams
Publisher: Pullman, Wash. : Washington State University Press, ©2011.
Edition/Format:   Print book : Biography : State or province government publication : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
On the eve of World War II, news of an astonishing breakthrough filtered out of Germany. Scientists there had split uranium atoms. Physicists in the United States scrambled to verify results and further investigate this new science. Ominously, they soon recognized its potential to fuel the ultimate weapon, one able to release the energy of an uncontrolled chain reaction. With growing fears that the Nazis were on the  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Biography
History
Additional Physical Format: Online version:
Williams, Hill, 1926-
Made in Hanford.
Pullman, Wash. : Washington State University Press, ©2011
(OCoLC)1013744791
Named Person: Hill Williams; Hill Williams
Material Type: Biography, Government publication, State or province government publication
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Hill Williams
ISBN: 9780874223071 0874223075
OCLC Number: 698912191
Description: xvi, 190 pages : illustrations, maps ; 21 cm
Contents: The Arrival. Secrecy ; The neutron : a new tool ; Minds that shaped history --
The Science. Developing fission ; Element 94 ; Chain reaction ; Continuing secrecy --
The Engineering. B reactor ; Consequences of nuclear reactions ; The bomb --
The Aftermath. From Japan to Bikini and Enewetak ; Lasting effects --
After the bomb --
Concerned scientists, the Franck Report.
Responsibility: Hill Williams.

Abstract:

On the eve of World War II, news of an astonishing breakthrough filtered out of Germany. Scientists there had split uranium atoms. Physicists in the United States scrambled to verify results and further investigate this new science. Ominously, they soon recognized its potential to fuel the ultimate weapon, one able to release the energy of an uncontrolled chain reaction. With growing fears that the Nazis were on the verge of harnessing nuclear power, President Franklin D. Roosevelt gambled on a project to research and produce uranium for military use. By 1941, experiments led to the identification of plutonium, but laboratory work generated the new element in amounts far too small to be useful. Large-scale manufacture would be required. In 1942, a small plane carrying Lt. Col. Franklin T. Matthias and two DuPont engineers flew over three farming communities in eastern Washington. The passengers agreed. Isolated and near the powerful Columbia River, the region was the ideal site for the world's first plutonium factory. Two years later, built with a speed and secrecy unheard of today, the facility was operational. The plutonium it produced fueled the bomb dropped on Nagasaki, Japan, in 1945, and others tested on the Bikini and Enewetak Atolls, profoundly altering many lives. Through clear scientific explanations and personal reminiscences, the author traces the amazing but also tragic story of the plutonium bomb from the dawn of nuclear science through World War II and Cold War testing in the Marshall Islands.

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