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Making a machine that sees like us

Author: Zygmunt Pizlo; et al
Publisher: Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2014.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:

Making a Machine That Sees Like Us explains why and how our visual perceptions can provide us with an accurate representation of the world 'out there.' Along the way, it tells the story of a machine  Read more...

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Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Zygmunt Pizlo; et al
ISBN: 9780199922543 0199922543
OCLC Number: 981601891
Description: XI, 244 p. : ill. ; 24 cm
Contents: Making a Machine That Sees Like Us ; 1. How the Stage Was Set When We Began ; 1.1 Introduction ; 1.2 What is this book about? ; 1.3 Analytical and Operational definitions of shape ; 1.4 Shape constancy as a phenomenon (something you can observe) ; 1.5 Complexity makes shape unique ; 1.6 How would the world look if we are wrong? ; 1.7 What had happened in the real world while we were away ; 1.8 Perception viewed as an Inverse Problem ; 1.9 How Bayesian inference can be used for modeling perception ; 1.10 What it means to have a model of vision, and why we need to have one ; 1.11 End of the beginning. ; 2. How This All Got Started ; 2.1 Controversy about shape constancy: 1980 - 1995 ; 2.2 Events surrounding the 29th European Conference on Visual Perception (ECVP), St. Petersburg, Russia, August 20 - 25, 2006 where we first announced our paradigm shift ; 2.3 The role of constraints in recovering the 3D shapes of polyhedral objects from line-drawings ; 2.4 Events surrounding the 31st European Conference on Visual Perception (ECVP) Utrecht, NL, August 24 - 28, 2008, where we had our first big public confrontation ; 2.5 Monocular 3D shape recovery of both synthetic and real objects ; 3. Symmetry in Vision, Inside and Outside of the Laboratory ; 3.1 Why and how approximate computations make visual analyses fast and perfect: the perception of slanted 2D mirror-symmetrical figures ; 3.2 How human beings perceive 2D mirror-symmetry from perspective images ; 3.3 Why 3D mirror-symmetry is more difficult than 2D symmetry ; 3.4 Updating the Ideal Observer: how human beings perceive 3D mirror-symmetry from perspective images ; 3.5 Important role of Generalized Cones in 3D shape perception: how human beings perceive 3D translational-symmetry from perspective images ; 3.6 Michael Layton's contribution to symmetry in shape perception ; 3.7 Leeuwenberg's attempt to develop a "Structural" explanation of Gestalt phenomena ; 4. Using Symmetry Is Not Simple ; 4.1 What is really going on? Examining the relationship between simplicity and likelihood ; 4.2 Clearly, simplicity is better than likelihood - excluding degenerate views does not eliminate spurious 3D symmetrical interpretations ; 4.3 What goes with what? A new kind of Correspondence Problem ; 4.4 Everything becomes easier once symmetry is viewed as self-similarity: the first working solution of the Symmetry Correspondence Problem ; 5. A Second View Makes 3D Shape Perception Perfect ; 5.1 What we know about binocular vision and how we came to know it ; 5.2 How we worked out the binocular perception of symmetrical 3D shapes ; 5.3 How our new theory of shape perception, based on stereoacuity, accounts for old results ; 5.4 3D movies: what they are, what they want to be, and what it costs ; 5.5 Bayesian model of binocular shape perception ; 5.6 Why we could claim that our model is complete ; 6. Figure-Ground Organization, which Breaks Camouflage in Everyday Life, Permits the Veridical Recovery of a 3D Scene ; 6.1 Estimating the orientation of the ground-plane ; 6.2 How a coarse analysis of the positions and sizes of objects can be made ; 6.3 How a useful top-view representation was produced ; 6.4 Finding objects in the 2D image ; 6.5 Extracting relevant edges, grouping them and establishing symmetry correspondence ; 6.6 What can be done with a spatially-global map of a 3D scene? ; 7. What Made This Possible and What Comes Next? ; 7.1 Five Important conceptual contributions ; 7.2 Three of our technical contributions ; 7.3 Making our machine perceive and predict in dynamical environments ; 7.4 Solving the Figure-Ground Organization Problem with only a single 2D image ; 7.5 Recognizing individual objects by using a fast search of memory.
Responsibility: Zygmunt Pizlo ... [et al.].

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'Making a Machine That Sees Like Us is an important book for anyone with an interest in machine vision for it offers a bottom-up approach to object perception that incorporates a priori contraints Read more...

 
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