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MARO : mass atrocity response operations : a military planning handbook

Author: Sarah B SewallDwight RaymondSally ChinJohn KardosCarr Center for Human Rights Policy.All authors
Publisher: [Cambridge, Mass.?] : Carr Center for Human Rights Policy, Harvard Kennedy School : US Army Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute, ©2010.
Edition/Format:   Book : National government publication : EnglishView all editions and formats
Database:WorldCat
Summary:
"The Mass Atrocity Response Operations (MARO) Project focus is to enable the United States and the international community to stop genocide and mass atrocity as part of a broader integrated strategy by explaining key relevant military concepts and planning considerations. Failure to act in the face of mass killings of civilians is not simply a function of political will or legal authority; the failure also reflects  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Handbooks, manuals, etc
Material Type: Government publication, National government publication, Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Sarah B Sewall; Dwight Raymond; Sally Chin; John Kardos; Carr Center for Human Rights Policy.; Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute.
OCLC Number: 617692092
Notes: "A collaborative effort between the Carr Center for Human Rights Policy, Harvard Kennedy School and the US Army Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute"--P. [1] of cover.
Description: 128 p. : col. ill. ; 23 cm.
Contents: Foreword / Sarah Sewall and John Kardos --
Executive summary --
The MARO concept --
MARO planning considerations --
Future research areas and ways forward.
Responsibility: primary authors: Sarah Sewall, Dwight Raymond, Sally Chin.

Abstract:

"The Mass Atrocity Response Operations (MARO) Project focus is to enable the United States and the international community to stop genocide and mass atrocity as part of a broader integrated strategy by explaining key relevant military concepts and planning considerations. Failure to act in the face of mass killings of civilians is not simply a function of political will or legal authority; the failure also reflects a lack of thinking about how military forces might respond. States and regional and international organizations must better understand and prepare for the unique operational and moral challenges that military forces would face in a MARO. Such an effort offers several benefits, including the creation of a wider range of potentially effective military responses. Advance planning with possible partners would greatly facilitate coalition operations. Developing more effective intervention options may help strengthen deterrence of would-be perpetrators. By highlighting the complexities of responding militarily after violence against civilians has already become widespread, MARO planning should increase policymakers' appreciation of the value and economy of preventive efforts. Since prevention will not succeed every time, some states may nonetheless find themselves conducting a MARO. They may initiate intervention or adjust the mission of forces that deployed for other purposes, where mass violence against civilians becomes a primary challenge. The concrete and practical challenges of using military forces to halt ongoing mass atrocities through a MARO are addressed. The Project developed operational concepts, a tailored planning guide, tabletop exercises, and other tools for military institutions and political actors. While military force will not always be required to halt mass atrocity, the MARO Project helps make credible, effective options more likely and better prepares intervening forces in the event that they are directed to act in this respect. The Project can help shift the policy debate from 'whether' to 'how' to intervene to stop widespread violence against civilians"-- Foreword.

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