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Mastering physics

Author: H J P Keighley
Publisher: Basingstoke : Macmillan, 1986.
Series: Macmillan master series
Edition/Format:   Print book : English : 3rd edView all editions and formats
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Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: H J P Keighley
ISBN: 0333420527 9780333420522 0333420535 9780333420539
OCLC Number: 17231559
Notes: Previous edition: 1984.
Includes index.
Description: xvi, 334 pages : illustrations ; 22 cm.
Contents: Fundamental concepts. Length. Metric prefixes. Force. Measurement of force. Load-extension graphs. Mass. Weight. Measuring time. Volume. Measuring volume. Density. Air density. Pressure. The concept of pressure. Pressure in liquids. The pressure due to a column of liquid. Upthrust. Measuring pressure. Atmospheric pressure. A simple barometer. The aneroid barometer. Airliners and spacesuits. Vectors. Addition of physical quantities. An experiment on addition of forces. Motion. Definition of terms. Newton's first law of motion. Newton's second law of motion. The unit of force, the newton. Newton's third law of motion. Momentum and impulse. Conservation of momentum. Rocket and jet motors. Acceleration in free fall. Frictional forces in solids. The importance of friction. Uniformly accelerated motion. Motion graphs. Levers and centres of gravity. Levers in everyday life. An experiment to investigate the turning effect of a force. Centre of gravity. Determining the position of the centre of gravity. Stability. Couples. Work, energy and power. Some definitions. Various forms of energy. Electrical energy. Kinetic energy. Potential energy. Conservation of energy. Heat energy. Energy conversion in a power station. Power. The energy crisis. Machines. Introduction. An experiment with pulleys. The inclined plane. Levers. Heat and molecular structure. Heat energy. Introduction. Frictional heating. Specific heat capacity. Specific heat capacity by an electrical method. A basic equation. Different specific heat capacities. Expansion. Demonstration of expansion. Large forces involved in the expansion of a solid. Expansion --
friend or foe? Linear expansivity. Bimetallic strip. Calibration of a mercury thermometer. Molecular explanation of expansion. Properties of gases and molecular structure. The molecular theory of matter. Molecules in solids. Molecules in liquids. The size of a molecule. Molecules in gases. Diffusion. Brownian movement. Boyle's law for a gas at constant temperature. Gas pressure law at constant volume. Charles' law for a gas at constant pressure. The kinetic theory of gases. The transfer of heat energy. Introduction. Conduction. An explanation of conduction. Convection. Radiation. Reflection and refraction of radiation. Emitters and absorbers of radiation. The vacuum flask. Heat problems in supersonic aircraft and satellites. The greenhouse effect. Hot water and central heating. Change of state. Latent heat. Measuring specific latent heat. When a liquid evaporates, it cools. Distinction between evaporation and boiling. The body's cooling system and refrigerators. An increase in pressure lowers the melting point. The binding of snowballs. A decrease in pressure lowers the boiling point. Pressure cookers. Wave motion, light and sound. Waves. Introduction. Descibing waves. Transverse waves. Longitudinal waves. Observing and measuring travelling waves. The wave equation. Wave velocity. Energy in waves. Properties of travelling waves. Standing waves. Reflections and shadows. Rays of light. Laws of regular reflection. The image in a plane mirror. Uses of plane mirrors. Diffuse reflection. Shadows. Refraction. Introduction. Refraction at an air-glass interface. Refractive indices. The reversibility of a ray of light. Internal reflections. Some applications of total internal reflection. Real and apparent depths. Thin lenses and curved mirrors. Action of a lens. Optical centre and focal point. The power of a lens. Measuring the focal length of a converging lens. Images produced by lenses. The action of a curved mirror. The principal focus and focal length. Uses of lenses and mirrors. Optical instruments. The pinhole camera. The camera with a lens. The slide projector. A radio telescope. The electromagnetic spectrum. Visible light. Detectors of light. The extended spectrum. Colour addition. Colour subtraction. Coloured objects seen in coloured lights. Sound. Introduction. Measurement of the frequency of sound waves. Measuring the velocity of sound in air by an echo method. Diffraction and interference of sound waves. The pitch, the loudness and quality of a musical note. Absorption of sound waves. Resonance. Electricity, Atomic and nuclear physics. Magnetism. Properties of magnets. The test for magnetism. Making a magnet. Induced magnetism. Properties of soft iron and steel. Magnetic fields. Electrons and electron beams. Charging by friction. Positive and negative charge. Protons and electrons. Charging by induction. Ionisation. Lightning and lightning conductors. The cathode ray oscilloscope. Electric circuits. Electric current. Electric potential difference (voltage). Series and parallel circuits. Current in series and parallel circuits. Potential difference in series and parallel circuits. Electrical resistance. Combination of resistors. The potential divider circuit. Capacitors. Magnetic effects of an electric current. The magnetic field produced by an electric current. The magnetic field produced by a solenoid. Force on a current-carrying conductor in a magnetic field. The electric motor. The moving-coil loudspeaker. Energy and power from electrical sources. Electrical power and energy. The mains supply. Domestic wiring. Electrical connection to the mains supply. The earth lead. The kilowatt-hour. Electromagnetic induction. Introduction. The size of the induced e.m.f. The direction of the induced current. The alternating-current generator. The direct-current generator. An induced e.m.f. due to a changing current. The transformer. Step-up and step-down transformers. The efficiency of a transformer. The distribution of electrical energy. Radioactivity and the atom. The spark counter. The Geiger-Müller tube. The diffusion cloud chamber. The properties of the ionising radiations emitted from radioactive substances. Radiation. The mechanism of radioactive emissions. Radioactive sources. Radioactive decay. Safety precautions and uses. Nuclear fission. Electronics. Introduction. The diode. Bridge rectifier circuit. Smoothing the output from a bridge rectifier. A low voltage power supply. LED's, LDR's and thermistors. The transistor. Using transistors. Logic gates. Combining logic gates. The bistable. An operational amplifier. Operational amplifier as a switch.
Series Title: Macmillan master series
Responsibility: H.J.P. Keighley [and others].

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