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Materials under extreme conditions : molecular crystals at high pressure

Author: Vincenzo Schettino; Roberto Bini, (Chemist)
Publisher: [London] : Imperial College Press, 2014. ©2014
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Database:WorldCat
Summary:
High-pressure materials research has been revolutionized in the past few years due to technological breakthroughs in the diamond anvil cell (DAC), shock wave compression and molecular dynamic simulation (MD) methods. The application of high pressure, especially together with high temperature, has revealed exciting modifications of physical and chemical properties even in the simplest molecular materials. Besides the  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Schettino, Vincenzo.
Materials under extreme conditions
(DLC) 2013038985
(OCoLC)859253240
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Vincenzo Schettino; Roberto Bini, (Chemist)
ISBN: 9781848163065 1848163061
OCLC Number: 864899470
Description: 1 online resource (xvii, 354 pages) : illustrations
Contents: 1. Introduction --
2. Historical survey --
3. Elasticity and equation of state. 3.1. Stress and strain. 3.2. Elasticity and anisotropy in molecular crystals. 3.3. Parametric equations of state --
4. High-pressure technical survey. 4.1. The piston-cylinder device. 4.2. The opposed anvil devices. 4.3. Multi-anvil devices. 4.4. The diamond anvil cell. 4.5. High- and low-temperature techniques. 4.6. Pressure measurement. 4.7. Probing techniques based on electromagnetic radiation --
5. Principles of chemical reactivity under pressure. 5.1. Pressure effects on chemical equilibria. 5.2. Pressure effects on reaction rates. 5.3. Environmental effects at high pressure. 5.4. Effects of high pressure on the electronic structure --
6. Chemical reactions in molecular crystals. 6.1. Reversible reactions. 6.2. Irreversible reactions.
Responsibility: Vincenzo Schettino, Roberto Bini, University of Florence, Italy.

Abstract:

High-pressure materials research has been revolutionized in the past few years due to technological breakthroughs in the diamond anvil cell (DAC), shock wave compression and molecular dynamic simulation (MD) methods. The application of high pressure, especially together with high temperature, has revealed exciting modifications of physical and chemical properties even in the simplest molecular materials. Besides the fundamental importance of these studies to understand the composition and the dynamics of heart and planets' interior, new materials possessing peculiar characteristics of hardness and composition have been synthesized at very high pressure, while unexpected chemical reactions of simple molecules to polymers and amorphous compounds have been found at milder conditions. The variety of the phenomena observed in these extreme conditions and of the materials involved provides a common ground bridging scientific communities with different cultural and experimental backgrounds. This monograph will provide a timely opportunity to report on recent progress in the field.

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