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Measuring the "ideas" production function : evidence from international patent output

ผู้แต่ง: Michael E Porter; Scott Stern; National Bureau of Economic Research.
สำนักพิมพ์: Cambridge, MA. : National Bureau of Economic Research, ©2000.
ชุด: Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research), working paper no. 7891.
ครั้งที่พิมพ์/รูปแบบ:   พิมพ์หนังสือ : ภาษาอังกฤษดูครั้งที่พิมพ์และรูปแบบ
ฐานข้อมูล:WorldCat
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This paper estimates the parameters of the ideas production function central to recent models of economic growth. We do so by evaluating the determinants of international patenting rates across the OECD, where an international patent is one granted by the U.S. patent office to a foreign establishment. Taking advantage of variation in the flow of ideas produced by different countries over time, we provide evidence  อ่านมากขึ้น…
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ผู้แต่งทั้งหมด : ผู้แต่งร่วม Michael E Porter; Scott Stern; National Bureau of Economic Research.
OCLC Number: 45107644
หมายเหตุ "September 2000."
คำอธิบาย: 33, [13] pages : illustrations ; 22 cm.
ชื่อชุด: Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research), working paper no. 7891.
ชื่อเรื่องอื่น: "Ideas" production function
ความรับผิดชอบ: Michael E. Porter, Scott Stern.

บทคัดย่อ:

This paper estimates the parameters of the ideas production function central to recent models of economic growth. We do so by evaluating the determinants of international patenting rates across the OECD, where an international patent is one granted by the U.S. patent office to a foreign establishment. Taking advantage of variation in the flow of ideas produced by different countries over time, we provide evidence for three main findings. First, at the level of the production of international patents, country-level R & D productivity increases proportionally with the stock of ideas already discovered, a key parametric restriction associated with the Romer model of ideas-driven growth (Romer, 1990; Jones, 1995). Second, We find that ideas productivity in a given country is constant or declining in the worldwide stock of ideas. Ideas production by other countries raises the bar for producing new-to-the-world technology domestically, outweighing the positive effects of international knowledge spillovers. Finally, ideas productivity is concave in the size of the R & D workforce and the linkage between ideas production and overall productivity growth is small. These results suggest that while the parametric restrictions required to generate endogenous technological change may be satisfied for individual economies, the growth rate associated with such effects may be modest. There seems to be a gap between the sustained production of ideas by advanced economies and the ability to translate ideas into measured productivity growth."

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