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Mechanical microsensors

Author: M Elwenspoek; R Wiegerink
Publisher: Berlin [u.a.] : Springer, 2001.
Series: Microtechnology and MEMS.; Physics and astronomy online library.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Database:WorldCat
Summary:

Presents a microtechnology important for manufacturing, design and application of microdevices. This book is aimed at engineers and advanced students.

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Material Type: Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: M Elwenspoek; R Wiegerink
ISBN: 3540675825 9783540675822
OCLC Number: 248008142
Description: x, 295 S : Ill., graph. Darst ; 24 cm.
Contents: 1. Introduction.- 2. MEMS.- 2.1 Miniaturisation and Systems.- 2.2 Examples for MEMS.- 2.2.1 Bubble Jet.- 2.2.2 Actuators.- 2.2.3 Micropumps.- 2.3 Small and Large: Scaling.- 2.3.1 Electromagnetic Forces.- 2.3.2 Coulomb Friction.- 2.3.3 Mechanical Strength.- 2.3.4 Dynamic Properties.- 2.4 Available Fabrication Technology.- 2.4.1 Technologies Based on Lithography.- 2.4.1.1 Silicon Micromachining.- 2.4.1.2 LIGA.- 2.4.2 Miniaturisation of Conventional Technologies.- 3. Introduction into Silicon Micromachining.- 3.1 Photolithography.- 3.2 Thin Film Deposition and Doping.- 3.2.1 Silicon Dioxide.- 3.2.2 Chemical Vapour Deposition.- 3.2.3 Evaporation.- 3.2.4 Sputterdeposition.- 3.2.5 Doping.- 3.3 Wet Chemical Etching.- 3.3.1 Isotropic Etching.- 3.3.2 Anisotropic Etching.- 3.3.3 Etch Stop.- 3.4 Waferbonding.- 3.4.1 Anodic Bonding.- 3.4.2 Silicon Fusion Bonding.- 3.5 Plasma Etching.- 3.5.1 Plasma.- 3.5.2 Anisotropic Plasma Etching Modes.- 3.5.3 Configurations.- 3.5.4 Black Silicon Method.- 3.6 Surface Micromachining.- 3.6.1 Thin Film Stress.- 3.6.2 Sticking.- 4. Mechanics of Membranes and Beams.- 4.1 Dynamics of the Mass Spring System.- 4.2 Strings.- 4.3 Beams.- 4.3.1 Stress and Strain.- 4.3.2 Bending Energy.- 4.3.3 Radius of Curvature.- 4.3.4 Lagrange Function of a Flexible Beam.- 4.3.5 Differential Equation for Beams.- 4.3.6 Boundary Conditions for Beams.- 4.3.7 Examples.- 4.3.8 Mechanical Stability.- 4.3.9 Transversal Vibration of Beams.- 4.4 Diaphragms and Membranes.- 4.4.1 Circular Diaphragms.- 4.4.2 Square Membranes.- Appendix 4.1: Buckling of Bridges.- 5. Principles of Measuring Mechanical Quantities: Transduction of Deformation.- 5.1 Metal Strain Gauges.- 5.2 Semiconductor Strain Gauges.- 5.2.1 Piezoresistive Effect in Single Crystalline Silicon.- 5.2.2 Piezoresistive Effect in Polysilicon Thin Films.- 5.2.3 Transduction from Deformation to Resistance.- 5.3 Capacitive Transducers.- 5.3.1 Electromechanics.- 5.3.2 Diaphragm Pressure Sensors.- 6. Force and Pressure Sensors.- 6.1 Force Sensors.- 6.1.1 Load Cells.- 6.2 Pressure Sensors.- 6.2.1 Piezoresistive Pressure Sensors.- 6.2.2 Capacitive Pressure Sensors.- 6.2.3 Force Compensation Pressure Sensors.- 6.2.4 Resonant Pressure Sensors.- 6.2.5 Miniature Microphones.- 6.2.6 Tactile Imaging Arrays.- 7. Acceleration and Angular Rate Sensors.- 7.1 Acceleration Sensors.- 7.1.1 Introduction.- 7.1.2 Bulk Micromachined Accelerometers.- 7.1.3 Surface Micromachined Accelerometers.- 7.1.4 Force Feedback.- 7.2 Angular Rate Sensors.- 8. Flow sensors.- 8.1 The Laminar Boundary Layer.- 8.1.1 The Navier-Stokes Equations.- 8.1.2 Heat Transport.- 8.1.3 Hydrodynamic Boundary Layer.- 8.1.4 Thermal Boundary Layer.- 8.1.5 Skin Friction and Heat Transfer.- 8.2 Heat Transport in the Limit of Very Small Reynolds Numbers.- 8.3 Thermal Flow Sensors.- 8.3.1 Anemometer Type Flow Sensors.- 8.3.2 Two-Wire Anemometers.- 8.3.3 Calorimetric Type Flow Sensors.- 8.3.4 Sound Intensity Sensors - The Microflown.- 8.3.5 Time of Flight Sensors.- 8.4 Skin Friction Sensors.- 8.5 "Dry Fluid Flow" Sensors.- 8.6 "Wet Fluid Flow" Sensors.- 9. Resonant Sensors.- 9.1 Basic Principles and Physics.- 9.1.1 Introduction.- 9.1.2 The Differential Equation of a Prismatic Microbridge.- 9.1.3 Solving the Homogeneous, Undamped Problem using Laplace Transforms.- 9.1.4 Solving the Inhomogeneous Problem by Modal Analysis.- 9.1.5 Response to Axial Loads.- 9.1.6 Quality Factor.- 9.1.7 Nonlinear Large-Amplitude Effects.- 9.2 Excitation and Detection Mechanisms.- 9.2.1 Electrostatic Excitation and Capacitive Detection.- 9.2.2 Magnetic Excitation and Detection.- 9.2.3 Piezoelectric Excitation and Detection.- 9.2.4 Electrothermal Excitation and Piezoresistive Detection.- 9.2.5 Optothermal Excitation and Optical Detection.- 9.2.6 Dielectric Excitation and Detection.- 9.3 Examples and Applications.- 10. Electronic Interfacing.- 10.1 Piezoresistive Sensors.- 10.1.1 Wheatstone Bridge Configurations.- 10.1.2 Amplification of the Bridge Output Voltage.- 10.1.3 Noise and Offset.- 10.1.4 Feedback Control Loops.- 10.1.5 Interfacing with Digital Systems.- 10.1.5.1 Analog-to-Digital Conversion.- 10.1.5.2 Voltage to Frequency Converters.- 10.2 Capacitive Sensors.- 10.2.1 Impedance Bridges.- 10.2.2 Capacitance Controlled Oscillators.- 10.3 Resonant Sensors.- 10.3.1 Frequency Dependent Behavior of Resonant Sensors.- 10.3.2 Realizing an Oscillator.- 10.3.3 One-Port Versus Two-Port Resonators.- 10.3.4 Oscillator Based on One-Port Electrostatically Driven Beam Resonator.- 10.3.5 Oscillator Based on Two-Port Electrodynamically Driven H-shaped Resonator.- 11. Packaging.- 11.1 Packaging Techniques.- 11.1.1 Standard Packages.- 11.1.2 Chip Mounting Methods.- 11.1.2 Wafer Level Packaging.- 11.1.3 Interconnection Techniques.- 11.1.4 Multichip Modules.- 11.1.5 Encapsulation Processes.- 11.2 Stress Reduction.- 11.3 Pressure Sensors.- 11.4 Inertial Sensors.- 11.5 Thermal Flow Sensors.- References.
Series Title: Microtechnology and MEMS.; Physics and astronomy online library.
Responsibility: M. Elwenspoek ; R. Wiegerink.
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"Mechanical Microsensors provides a comprehensive description of the various design techniques required for silicon micromachining of sensors. This is a very well written book which has a pleasant Read more...

 
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