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Mechanics of aeronautical solids, materials and structures

Author: Christophe Bouvet
Publisher: Hoboken, NJ : Wiley-ISTE, 2017.
Series: Mechanical engineering and solid mechanics series.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
The objective of this work on the mechanics of aeronautical solids, materials and structures is to give an overview of the principles necessary for sizing of structures in the aeronautical field. It begins by introducing the classical notions of mechanics: stress, strain, behavior law, and sizing criteria, with an emphasis on the criteria specific to aeronautics, such as limit loads and ultimate loads. Methods of  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Christophe Bouvet
ISBN: 9781119413714 1119413710 9781119413684 1119413680
OCLC Number: 976166588
Description: 1 online resource.
Contents: Foreword ix Preface xi Introduction xiii Chapter 1. Stress 1 1.1. Notion of stress 1 1.1.1. External forces 1 1.1.2. Internal cohesive forces 2 1.1.3. Normal stress, shear stress 2 1.2. Properties of the stress vector 3 1.2.1. Boundary conditions 3 1.2.2. Torsor of internal forces 5 1.2.3. Reciprocal actions 8 1.2.4. Cauchy reciprocal theorem 9 1.3. Stress matrix 11 1.3.1. Notation 11 1.3.2. Invariants of the stress tensor 13 1.3.3. Relation between the stress matrix and the stress vector 15 1.3.4. Principal stresses and principal directions 18 1.4. Equilibrium equation 21 1.5. Mohr's circle 23 Chapter 2. Strain 27 2.1. Notion of strain 27 2.1.1. Displacement vector 27 2.1.2. Unit strain 28 2.1.3. Angular distortion 30 2.2. Strain matrix 33 2.2.1. Definition of the strain matrix 33 2.2.2. Principal strains and principal directions 37 2.2.3. Volume expansion 39 2.2.4. Invariants of strain tensor 40 2.2.5. Compatibility condition 40 2.3. Strain measurement: strain gage 41 Chapter 3. Behavior Law 43 3.1. A few definitions 43 3.2. Tension test 43 3.2.1. Brittle materials 44 3.2.2. Ductile materials 45 3.2.3. Particular cases 46 3.3. Shear test 46 3.3.1. Brittle materials 47 3.3.2. Ductile materials 48 3.4. General rule 48 3.4.1. Linear elasticity 48 3.5. Anisotropic materials: example of a composite 53 3.5.1. Elasticity 53 3.6. Thermoelasticity 54 Chapter 4. Resolution Methods 59 4.1. Assessment 59 4.2. Displacement method 61 4.3. Stress method 61 4.4. Finite element method 62 Chapter 5. Work-energy Theorem: Principle of Finite Element Method 63 5.1. Work-energy theorem 63 5.1.1. Hypotheses 63 5.1.2. Strain energy 64 5.1.3. Work of external forces 65 5.1.4. Strain energy 66 5.1.5. Energy minimization: Ritz method 68 5.2. Finite element method 69 5.2.1. General principle of finite element method 69 5.2.2. Example of the three-node triangular element 74 5.3. Application: triangle with plate finite element using Catia 80 Chapter 6. Sizing Criteria of an Aeronautical Structure 83 6.1. Introduction 83 6.2. Experimental determination of a sizing criterion 85 6.3. Normal stress or principal stress criterion: brittle material 87 6.4. Stress or maximum shear energy criterion: ductile material 91 6.4.1. Tresca criterion 91 6.4.2. Von Mises criterion 93 6.4.3. Rupture of a ductile material 96 6.5. Maximum shear criterion with friction: compression of brittle materials 99 6.6. Anisotropic criterion: example of the composite 105 Chapter 7. Plasticity 109 7.1. Introduction 109 7.2. Plastic instability: necking, true stress and true strain 111 7.3. Plastic behavior law: Ramberg-Osgood law 116 7.4. Example of an elastic-plastic calculation: plate with open hole in tension 118 Chapter 8. Physics of Aeronautical Structure Materials 127 8.1. Introduction 127 8.2. Aluminum 2024 130 8.3. Carbon/epoxy composite T300/914 135 8.4. Polymers 140 Chapter 9. Exercises 151 9.1. Rosette analysis 151 9.2. Pure shear 154 9.3. Compression of an elastic solid 154 9.4. Gravity dam 155 9.5. Shear modulus 156 9.6. Modulus of a composite 157 9.7. Torsional cylinder 158 9.8. Plastic compression 160 9.9. Bi-material beam tension 162 9.10. Beam thermal expansion 164 9.11. Cube under shear stress 165 9.12. Spherical reservoir under pressure 166 9.13. Plastic bending 169 9.14. Disc under radial tension 171 9.15. Bending beam: resolution by the Ritz method 173 9.16. Stress concentration in open hole 174 9.17. Bending beam 178 Chapter 10. Solutions to Exercises 183 10.1. Rosette analysis 183 10.2. Pure shear 191 10.3. Compression of an elastic solid 192 10.4. Gravity dam 196 10.5. Shear modulus 201 10.6. Modulus of a composite 203 10.7. Torsional cylinder 206 10.8. Plastic compression 212 10.9. Bi-material beam tension 215 10.10. Beam thermal expansion 225 10.11. Cube under shear stress 231 10.12. Spherical reservoir under pressure 235 10.13. Plastic bending 240 10.14. Disc under radial tension 245 10.15. Bending beam: resolution by the Ritz method 252 10.16. Stress concentration in open hole 256 10.17. Bending beam 259 Appendix 273 Bibliography 279 Index 281
Series Title: Mechanical engineering and solid mechanics series.
Responsibility: Christophe Bouvet.

Abstract:

The objective of this work on the mechanics of aeronautical solids, materials and structures is to give an overview of the principles necessary for sizing of structures in the aeronautical field.  Read more...

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