RT Journal DB /z-wcorg/ DS http://worldcat.org ID 438624741 LA English T1 Melanchthon's rhetoric and the practical origins of Reformation human science A1 Gross, Daniel M, PB Sage Publications YR 2000 SN 0952-6951 JF History of the Human Sciences VO 13 IS 3 SP 5 OP 22 AB At the beginning of the 16th century in Germany, religious ends and human art joined forces to produce a sacred rhetoric: a rhetoric that could transform human nature, and explain at the same time how such transformation was possible according to both science and scripture. No longer was it enough to ask in Scholastic fashion 'What is man?' - his essence and unique faculties, his special place in God's world. A new question took on urgency in the wake of religious reformation, namely 'What could man become?' But theology alone could not provide a practical response to this question. Rhetoric, in its various adopted forms, could. Consequently rhetoric emerged as architectonic of the human sciences in Reformation Germany, shaping pedagogy as a practical art. Whereas scholars have paid a good deal of attention to the way in which the exact sciences such as mathematics influenced Enlightenment human science, the history of human science as practical art has received little attention. This article contributes to such a history by showing how rhetoric as a practical protreptic art structured human scientific initiatives in the wake of Philipp Melanchthon's Reformation pedagogy.