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Meteorology today : an introduction to weather, climate, and the environment

Author: C Donald Ahrens
Publisher: [Place of publication not identified] : Brooks/Cole, 2013.
Edition/Format:   Print book : English : Tenth edition [international edition]View all editions and formats
Database:WorldCat
Summary:
Cengage Learning's "Meteorology Today, 10th edition, International Edition" brings course concepts to life with interactive learning, study, and exam preparation tools along with market leading text content for introductory meteorology courses. Whether you use a traditional printed text or the all digital "Meteorology Today, 10th edition, International Edition's" Course Mate alternative, it's never been easier to  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Textbooks
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: C Donald Ahrens
ISBN: 9780840058157 0840058152 9780840054999 0840054998
OCLC Number: 808337874
Description: xvii, 569, 18, 16, 2, 16 pages, 1 folded leaf : color illustrations, color maps ; 28 cm
Contents: Earth And Its Atmosphere: --
Overview of the earth's atmosphere: --
Composition of the atmosphere --
Focus On A Special Topic: --
Breath of fresh air --
Early atmosphere --
Vertical structure of the atmosphere: --
Brief look at air pressure and air density --
Layers of the atmosphere --
Focus On A Special Topic: --
Atmospheres of other planets --
Focus On An Observation: --
Radiosonde --
Ionosphere --
Weather and climate: --
Meteorology: a brief history --
Satellite's view of the weather --
Weather and climate in our lives --
Focus On A Special Topic: --
What is a meteorologist? --
Summary --
Key terms --
Questions for review --
Questions for thought --
Problems and exercises --
Energy: Warming The Earth And The Atmosphere: --
Energy, temperature, and heat: --
Temperature scales --
Specific heat --
Latent heat: the hidden warmth --
Heat transfer in the atmosphere --
Conduction --
Convection --
Focus On A Special Topic: --
Fate of a sunbeam --
Focus On A Special Topic: --
Rising air cools and sinking air warms --
Radiant energy: --
Radiation and temperature --
Radiation of the sun and earth --
Focus On An Environmental Issue: --
Wave, energy, sun burning, and UV rays --
Radiation: absorption, emission, and equilibrium: --
Selective absorbers and the atmospheric greenhouse effect --
Enhancement of the greenhouse effect --
Warming the air from below --
Shortwave radiation streaming from the sun --
Focus On An Observation: --
Blue skies, red suns, and white clouds --
Earth's annual energy balance --
Solar particles and the aurora --
Focus On A Topic: --
Characteristics of the sun --
Summary --
Key terms --
Questions for review --
Questions for thought --
Problems and exercises --
Seasonal And Daily Temperatures: --
Why the earth has seasons: --
Seasons in the Northern Hemisphere --
Focus On A Special Topic: --
Is December 21 really the first day of winter? --
Seasons in the Southern Hemisphere --
Local seasonal variations --
Daily warming and cooling air near the surface: --
Daytime warming --
Focus On An Environmental Issue: --
Solar heating and the noonday sun --
Nighttime cooling --
Focus On A Special Topic: --
Record high temperatures --
Focus On A Special Topic: --
Record low temperatures --
Daily temperature variations --
Regional temperature variations --
Focus On A Special Topic: --
When it comes to temperature, what's normal? --
Applications of air temperature --
Focus On An Observation: --
Thousand degrees and freezing to death --
Air temperature and human comfort --
Measuring air temperature --
Focus On A Special Topic: --
Why thermometers should be read in the shade --
Summary --
Key terms --
Questions for review --
Questions for thought --
Problems and exercises --
Atmospheric Humidity: --
Circulation of water in the atmospheres --
Many phases of water --
Evaporation, condensation, and saturation --
Humidity: --
Specific humidity and mixing ratio --
Vapor pressure --
Relative humidity --
Focus On A Special Topic: --
Vapor pressure and boiling: the higher you go, the longer cooking takes --
Relative humidity and dew point --
Comparing humidities --
Relative humidity in the home --
Focus On A Special Topic: --
Computing relative humidity and dew point --
Relative humidity and human discomfort --
Focus On A Special Topic: --
Which is "heavier": humid air or dry air? --
Measuring humidity --
Summary --
Key terms --
Questions for review --
Questions for thought --
Problems and exercises --
Condensation: Dew, Fog, And Clouds: --
Formation of dew and frost --
Condensation nuclei --
Haze --
Fog: --
Radiation fog --
Advection fog --
Focus On An Observation: --
Why are headlands usually foggier than beaches? --
Upslope fog --
Evaporation (mixing) fog --
Foggy weather --
Focus On A Special Topic: --
Fog that forms by mixing --
Focus On An Environmental Issue: --
Fog dispersal --
Clouds: --
Classification of clouds --
Cloud identification --
Some unusual clouds --
Cloud observations --
Focus On An Observation: --
Measuring cloud ceilings --
Focus On A Special Topic: --
Satellites do more than observe clouds --
Summary --
Key terms --
Questions for review --
Questions for thought --
Problems and exercises --
Stability And Cloud Development: --
Atmospheric stability --
Determining stability: --
Stable atmosphere --
Unstable atmosphere --
Conditionally unstable atmosphere --
Focus On A Special Topic: --
Subsidence inversions put a lid on it --
Causes of instability --
Cloud development: --
Convection and clouds --
Focus On A Special Topic: --
Atmospheric stability and windy afternoons: hold on to your hat --
Focus On An Observation: --
Determining convective cloud bases --
Topography and clouds --
Focus On An Advanced Topic: --
Adiabatic charts --
Changing cloud forms --
Summary --
Key terms --
Questions for review --
Questions for thought --
Problems and exercises --
Precipitation: --
Precipitation processes: --
How do cloud droplets grow larger? --
Collision and coalescence process --
Ice-crystal (Bergeron) process --
Focus On A Special Topic: --
Freezing of tiny cloud droplets --
Cloud seeding and precipitation --
Precipitation in clouds --
Focus On An Environmental Issue: --
Does cloud seeding enhance precipitation? --
Precipitation types: --
Rain --
Focus On A Special Topic: --
Are raindrops tear-shaped? --
Snow --
Focus On A Special Topic: --
Snowing when the air temperature is well above freezing --
Sleet and freezing rain --
Focus On A Special Topic: --
Sounds and snowfalls --
Snow grains and snow pellets --
Focus On An Observation: --
Aircraft icing --
Hail --
Measuring precipitation: --
Instruments --
Doppler radar and precipitation --
Measuring precipitation from space --
Summary --
Key terms --
Questions for review --
Questions for thought --
Problems and exercises --
Air Pressure And Winds: --
Atmospheric pressure: --
Horizontal pressure variation: a tale of two cities --
Daily pressure variations --
Focus On A Special Topic: --
Atmosphere obeys the gas law --
Pressure measurements --
Pressure readings --
Surface and upper-level charts --
Newton's laws of motion --
Focus On An Observation: --
Flying on a constant pressure surface: high to low, look out below --
Forces that influence the winds: --
Pressure gradient force --
Coriolis force --
Straight-line flow aloft: geostrophic winds --
Focus On An Advanced Topic: --
Mathematical look at the geostrophic wind --
Curved winds around lows and highs aloft: gradient winds --
Focus On An Observation: --
Estimating wind direction and pressure patterns aloft by watching clouds --
Winds on upper-level charts --
Surface winds --
Focus On An Observation: --
Winds aloft in the Southern Hemisphere --
Winds and vertical air motions --
Focus On An Advanced Topic: --
Hydrostatic equation --
Summary --
Key terms --
Questions for review --
Questions for thought --
Problems and exercises --
Wind: Small Scale And Local Systems: --
Scales of motion --
Small-scale winds interacting with the environment: --
Friction and turbulence in the boundary layer --
Eddies: big and small --
Strong force of the wind --
Wind and soil --
Focus On An Observation: --
Eddies and "air pockets" --
Wind and snow --
Wind and vegetation --
Wind and water --
Local wind systems --
Focus On A Special Topic: --
Pedaling into the wind --
Thermal circulations --
Sea and land breezes --
Mountain and valley breezes --
Katabatic winds --
Chinook (Foehn) winds --
Focus On A Special Topic: --
Snow eaters and rapid temperature changes --
Santa Ana Winds --
Desert Winds --
Seasonally changing winds: the monsoon --
Determining wind direction and speed: --
Influence of prevailing winds --
Wind measurements --
Focus On A Special Topic: --
Wind power --
Focus On An Observation: --
Observing winds from space --
Summary --
Key terms --
Questions for review --
Questions for thought --
Problems and exercises. Wind: Global Systems: --
General circulation of the atmosphere: --
Single-cell model --
Three-cell model --
Average surface winds and pressure: the real world --
General circulation and precipitation patterns --
Average wind flow and pressure patterns aloft --
Focus On An Observation: --
Dishpan experiment --
Jet streams: --
Formation of the jet streams --
Other jet streams --
Atmosphere-ocean interactions: --
Global wind patterns and surface ocean currents --
Upwelling --
El Nino and the southern oscillation --
Pacific decadal oscillation --
Focus On Social And Environmental Impact: --
El Nino and the Winter Olympics of 2010: --
North Atlantic oscillation --
Arctic oscillation --
Summary --
Key terms --
Questions for review --
Questions for thought --
Problems and exercises --
Air Masses And Fronts: --
Air masses: --
Sources regions --
Classification --
Air masses of North America --
Focus On A Special Topic: --
Late-effect (enhanced) snows --
Focus On A Special Topic: --
Return of the Siberian Express --
Fronts: --
Stationary fronts --
Cold fronts --
Warm fronts --
Drylines --
Occluded fronts --
Focus On A Special Topic: --
Wavy warm front --
Upper-air fronts --
Summary --
Key terms --
Questions for review --
Questions for thought --
Problems and exercises --
Middle-Latitude Cyclones: --
Polar front theory --
Where do mid-latitude cyclones tend to form? --
Focus On A Special Topic: --
Northeasters --
Vertical structure of deep dynamic lows --
Upper-level waves and mid-latitude cyclones --
Focus On A Special Topic: --
Closer look at convergence and divergence --
Necessary ingredients for a developing mid-latitude cyclone --
Upper-air support --
Role of the jet stream --
Focus On A Special Topic: --
Jet streaks and storms --
Conveyor belt model of mid-latitude cyclones --
Developing mid-latitude cyclone: the March storm of 1993 --
Vorticity, divergence, and developing mid-latitude cyclones --
Vorticity on a spinning planet --
Focus On A Special Topic: --
Vorticity and longwaves --
Vorticity advection and shortwaves --
Putting it all together: a monstrous snowstorm --
Polar lows --
Summary --
Key terms --
Questions for review --
Questions for thought --
Problems and exercises --
Weather Forecasting: --
Acquisition of weather information --
Focus On A Special Topic: --
Watches, warnings, and advisories --
Weather forecasting tools --
Weather forecasting methods --
Focus On A Special Topic: --
Thickness chart: a forecasting tool --
Computer and weather forecasting: numerical weather prediction --
Why NWS Forecasts go awry and steps to improve them --
Other forecasting methods --
Focus On An Observation: --
TV weathercasters: how do they do it? --
Types of forecasts --
Focus On Social And Economic Impacts: --
Weather prediction and the marketplace --
Accuracy and skill in forecasting --
Predicting the weather from local signs --
Weather forecasting using surface charts: --
Determining the movement of weather systems --
Focus On An Observation: --
Forecasting temperature advection by watching the clouds --
Forecast for six cities --
Meteorologist makes a prediction: --
Help from the 500-mb chart --
Computer provides assistance --
Valid forecast --
Satellite and upper-air assistance --
Day of rain and wind --
Summary --
Key terms --
Questions for review --
Questions for thought --
Problems and exercises --
Thunderstorms And Tornadoes: --
Thunderstorms: --
Ordinary cell thunderstorms --
Multicell thunderstorms --
Supercell thunderstorms --
Thunderstorms and the dryline --
Thunderstorms and flooding --
Focus On A Special Topic: --
Terrifying flash flood in the Big Thompson Canyon --
Distribution of thunderstorms --
Lightning and thunder --
Focus On An Observation: --
ELVES in the atmosphere --
Focus On An Observation: --
Don't sit under the apple tree --
Tornado life cycle --
Tornado occurrence and distribution --
Tornado winds --
Tornado outbreaks --
Tornado formation: --
Supercell tornadoes --
Nonsupercell tornadoes --
Focus On A Special Topic: --
Forecasting severe thunderstorms and tornadoes --
Observing tornadoes and severe weather --
Waterspouts --
Summary --
Key terms --
Questions for review --
Questions for thought --
Problems and exercises --
Hurricanes: --
Tropic weather --
Anatomy of a hurricane --
Hurricane formation and dissipation: --
Right environment --
Developing storm --
Storms dies out --
Hurricane stages of development --
Investigating the storm --
Hurricane movement --
Focus On A Special Topic: --
How do hurricanes compare with middle-latitude storms? --
Naming hurricanes and tropical storms --
Devastating winds, the storm surge, and flooding --
Focus On A Special Topic: --
Devastating tropical storms --
Some notable hurricanes: --
Camille, 1969 --
Hugo --
Andrew --
Ivan --
Katrina --
Focus On An Observation: --
Record-setting Atlantic hurricane seasons of 2004 and 2005 --
Other devastating hurricanes --
Hurricane watches, warnings, and forecasts --
Focus On An Environmental Issue: --
Hurricanes in a warmer world --
Modifying hurricanes --
Summary --
Key terms --
Questions for review --
Questions for thought --
Problems and exercises --
Earth's Changing Climate: --
Reconstructing past climates --
Climate throughout the ages: --
Temperature trends during the past 1000 years --
Temperature trends during the past 100-plus years --
Focus On A Special Topic: --
Ocean's influence on rapid climate change --
Climate change caused by natural events: --
Climate change: feedback mechanisms --
Climate change: plate tectonics and mountain building --
Climate change: variations in the earth's orbit --
Climate change: variations in solar output --
Climate change: atmospheric particles --
Climate change caused by human (anthropogenic) activities --
Climate change: aerosols injected into the lower atmosphere --
Climate change: increasing levels of greenhouse gases --
Climate change: land use changes --
Focus On An Environmental Issue: --
Nuclear winter, cold summers, and dead dinosaurs --
Climate change: global warming: --
Recent global warming: perspective --
Focus On A Special Topic: --
Sahel: an example of climatic variability and human existence --
Future climate change: projections --
Focus On An Environmental Issue: --
Extremes of 2011: did climate change play a role? --
Focus On A Special Topic: --
Climate models: a quick glance --
Consequences of climate change: the possibilities --
Focus On An Environmental Issue: --
Ozone and the ozone hole: their influence on climate change --
Climate change: efforts to curb --
Climate change: a final note --
Summary --
Key terms --
Questions for review --
Questions for thought --
Problems and exercises. Global Climate: --
World with many climates: --
Global temperatures --
Global precipitation --
Focus On A Special Topic: --
Precipitation extremes --
Climatic classification: --
Ancient Greeks --
Koppen System --
Thornthwaite's System --
Global pattern of climate: --
Tropical moist climates (group A) --
Dry climates (group B) --
Moist subtropical mid-latitude climates (group C) --
Focus On An Observation: --
Desert with clouds and drizzle --
Focus On A Special Topic: --
When does a dry spell become a drought? --
Moist continental climates (group D) --
Polar climates (group E) --
Highland climates (group H) --
Summary --
Key terms --
Questions for review --
Questions for thought --
Problems and exercises --
Air Pollution: --
Brief history of air pollution --
Types and sources of air pollutants --
Focus On An Environmental Issue: --
Indoor air pollution --
Principal air pollutants --
Ozone in the troposphere --
Ozone in the stratosphere --
Air pollution: trends and patterns --
Focus On An Environmental Issue: --
Ozone hole --
Factors that affect air pollution: --
Role of the wind --
Role of stability and inversions --
Focus On A Special Topic: --
Smokestack plumes --
Role of topography --
Severe air pollution potential --
Focus On An Observation: --
Five days in Donora: an air pollution episode --
Air pollution and the urban environment --
Acid deposition --
Focus On Social And Economic Impact:--
Heat waves and air pollution: a deadly team --
Summary --
Key terms --
Questions for review --
Questions for thought --
Problems and exercises --
Light, Color, And Atmospheric Optics: --
White and colors --
White clouds and scattered light --
Blue skies and hazy days --
Red suns and blue moons --
Twinkling, twilight, and the green flash --
Mirage: seeing is not believing --
Focus On An Observation: --
Fata Morgana --
Halos, sundogs, and sun pillars --
Rainbows --
Coronas, glories, and heiligenschein --
Focus On An Observation: --
Can it be a rainbow if it not raining? --
Summary --
Key terms --
Questions for review --
Questions for thought --
Problems and exercises --
Appendix A: Unites, conversions, abbreviations, and equations --
Appendix B: Weather symbols and the station model --
Appendix C: Beaufort wind scale (over land) --
Appendix D: Humidity and dew-point tables --
Appendix E: Instant weather forecast chart --
Appendix F: Changing GMT and UTC to local time --
Appendix G: Global average annual precipitation --
Appendix H: Standard atmosphere --
Appendix I: Hurricane tracking chart --
Appendix J: Adiabatic chart --
Glossary --
Additional reading material --
Index.
Other Titles: Introduction to weather, climate, and the environment
Responsibility: C. Donald Ahrens.

Abstract:

Brings course concepts to life with interactive learning, study, and exam preparation tools along with market leading text content for introductory meteorology courses. This title offers an  Read more...

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    schema:about <http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/47449#Topic/weather_forecasting_methodology> ; # Weather forecasting--Methodology
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    schema:bookEdition "Tenth edition [international edition]." ;
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    schema:description "Earth And Its Atmosphere: -- Overview of the earth's atmosphere: -- Composition of the atmosphere -- Focus On A Special Topic: -- Breath of fresh air -- Early atmosphere -- Vertical structure of the atmosphere: -- Brief look at air pressure and air density -- Layers of the atmosphere -- Focus On A Special Topic: -- Atmospheres of other planets -- Focus On An Observation: -- Radiosonde -- Ionosphere -- Weather and climate: -- Meteorology: a brief history -- Satellite's view of the weather -- Weather and climate in our lives -- Focus On A Special Topic: -- What is a meteorologist? -- Summary -- Key terms -- Questions for review -- Questions for thought -- Problems and exercises -- Energy: Warming The Earth And The Atmosphere: -- Energy, temperature, and heat: -- Temperature scales -- Specific heat -- Latent heat: the hidden warmth -- Heat transfer in the atmosphere -- Conduction -- Convection -- Focus On A Special Topic: -- Fate of a sunbeam -- Focus On A Special Topic: -- Rising air cools and sinking air warms -- Radiant energy: -- Radiation and temperature -- Radiation of the sun and earth -- Focus On An Environmental Issue: -- Wave, energy, sun burning, and UV rays -- Radiation: absorption, emission, and equilibrium: -- Selective absorbers and the atmospheric greenhouse effect -- Enhancement of the greenhouse effect -- Warming the air from below -- Shortwave radiation streaming from the sun -- Focus On An Observation: -- Blue skies, red suns, and white clouds -- Earth's annual energy balance -- Solar particles and the aurora -- Focus On A Topic: -- Characteristics of the sun -- Summary -- Key terms -- Questions for review -- Questions for thought -- Problems and exercises -- Seasonal And Daily Temperatures: -- Why the earth has seasons: -- Seasons in the Northern Hemisphere -- Focus On A Special Topic: -- Is December 21 really the first day of winter? -- Seasons in the Southern Hemisphere -- Local seasonal variations -- Daily warming and cooling air near the surface: -- Daytime warming -- Focus On An Environmental Issue: -- Solar heating and the noonday sun -- Nighttime cooling -- Focus On A Special Topic: -- Record high temperatures -- Focus On A Special Topic: -- Record low temperatures -- Daily temperature variations -- Regional temperature variations -- Focus On A Special Topic: -- When it comes to temperature, what's normal? -- Applications of air temperature -- Focus On An Observation: -- Thousand degrees and freezing to death -- Air temperature and human comfort -- Measuring air temperature -- Focus On A Special Topic: -- Why thermometers should be read in the shade -- Summary -- Key terms -- Questions for review -- Questions for thought -- Problems and exercises -- Atmospheric Humidity: -- Circulation of water in the atmospheres -- Many phases of water -- Evaporation, condensation, and saturation -- Humidity: -- Specific humidity and mixing ratio -- Vapor pressure -- Relative humidity -- Focus On A Special Topic: -- Vapor pressure and boiling: the higher you go, the longer cooking takes -- Relative humidity and dew point -- Comparing humidities -- Relative humidity in the home -- Focus On A Special Topic: -- Computing relative humidity and dew point -- Relative humidity and human discomfort -- Focus On A Special Topic: -- Which is "heavier": humid air or dry air? -- Measuring humidity -- Summary -- Key terms -- Questions for review -- Questions for thought -- Problems and exercises -- Condensation: Dew, Fog, And Clouds: -- Formation of dew and frost -- Condensation nuclei -- Haze -- Fog: -- Radiation fog -- Advection fog -- Focus On An Observation: -- Why are headlands usually foggier than beaches? -- Upslope fog -- Evaporation (mixing) fog -- Foggy weather -- Focus On A Special Topic: -- Fog that forms by mixing -- Focus On An Environmental Issue: -- Fog dispersal -- Clouds: -- Classification of clouds -- Cloud identification -- Some unusual clouds -- Cloud observations -- Focus On An Observation: -- Measuring cloud ceilings -- Focus On A Special Topic: -- Satellites do more than observe clouds -- Summary -- Key terms -- Questions for review -- Questions for thought -- Problems and exercises -- Stability And Cloud Development: -- Atmospheric stability -- Determining stability: -- Stable atmosphere -- Unstable atmosphere -- Conditionally unstable atmosphere -- Focus On A Special Topic: -- Subsidence inversions put a lid on it -- Causes of instability -- Cloud development: -- Convection and clouds -- Focus On A Special Topic: -- Atmospheric stability and windy afternoons: hold on to your hat -- Focus On An Observation: -- Determining convective cloud bases -- Topography and clouds -- Focus On An Advanced Topic: -- Adiabatic charts -- Changing cloud forms -- Summary -- Key terms -- Questions for review -- Questions for thought -- Problems and exercises -- Precipitation: -- Precipitation processes: -- How do cloud droplets grow larger? -- Collision and coalescence process -- Ice-crystal (Bergeron) process -- Focus On A Special Topic: -- Freezing of tiny cloud droplets -- Cloud seeding and precipitation -- Precipitation in clouds -- Focus On An Environmental Issue: -- Does cloud seeding enhance precipitation? -- Precipitation types: -- Rain -- Focus On A Special Topic: -- Are raindrops tear-shaped? -- Snow -- Focus On A Special Topic: -- Snowing when the air temperature is well above freezing -- Sleet and freezing rain -- Focus On A Special Topic: -- Sounds and snowfalls -- Snow grains and snow pellets -- Focus On An Observation: -- Aircraft icing -- Hail -- Measuring precipitation: -- Instruments -- Doppler radar and precipitation -- Measuring precipitation from space -- Summary -- Key terms -- Questions for review -- Questions for thought -- Problems and exercises -- Air Pressure And Winds: -- Atmospheric pressure: -- Horizontal pressure variation: a tale of two cities -- Daily pressure variations -- Focus On A Special Topic: -- Atmosphere obeys the gas law -- Pressure measurements -- Pressure readings -- Surface and upper-level charts -- Newton's laws of motion -- Focus On An Observation: -- Flying on a constant pressure surface: high to low, look out below -- Forces that influence the winds: -- Pressure gradient force -- Coriolis force -- Straight-line flow aloft: geostrophic winds -- Focus On An Advanced Topic: -- Mathematical look at the geostrophic wind -- Curved winds around lows and highs aloft: gradient winds -- Focus On An Observation: -- Estimating wind direction and pressure patterns aloft by watching clouds -- Winds on upper-level charts -- Surface winds -- Focus On An Observation: -- Winds aloft in the Southern Hemisphere -- Winds and vertical air motions -- Focus On An Advanced Topic: -- Hydrostatic equation -- Summary -- Key terms -- Questions for review -- Questions for thought -- Problems and exercises -- Wind: Small Scale And Local Systems: -- Scales of motion -- Small-scale winds interacting with the environment: -- Friction and turbulence in the boundary layer -- Eddies: big and small -- Strong force of the wind -- Wind and soil -- Focus On An Observation: -- Eddies and "air pockets" -- Wind and snow -- Wind and vegetation -- Wind and water -- Local wind systems -- Focus On A Special Topic: -- Pedaling into the wind -- Thermal circulations -- Sea and land breezes -- Mountain and valley breezes -- Katabatic winds -- Chinook (Foehn) winds -- Focus On A Special Topic: -- Snow eaters and rapid temperature changes -- Santa Ana Winds -- Desert Winds -- Seasonally changing winds: the monsoon -- Determining wind direction and speed: -- Influence of prevailing winds -- Wind measurements -- Focus On A Special Topic: -- Wind power -- Focus On An Observation: -- Observing winds from space -- Summary -- Key terms -- Questions for review -- Questions for thought -- Problems and exercises."@en ;
    schema:description "Cengage Learning's "Meteorology Today, 10th edition, International Edition" brings course concepts to life with interactive learning, study, and exam preparation tools along with market leading text content for introductory meteorology courses. Whether you use a traditional printed text or the all digital "Meteorology Today, 10th edition, International Edition's" Course Mate alternative, it's never been easier to better understand the underlying principles of meteorology and appreciate the dynamic nature of the inevitable weather phenomena that continually influence our lives."@en ;
    schema:description "Global Climate: -- World with many climates: -- Global temperatures -- Global precipitation -- Focus On A Special Topic: -- Precipitation extremes -- Climatic classification: -- Ancient Greeks -- Koppen System -- Thornthwaite's System -- Global pattern of climate: -- Tropical moist climates (group A) -- Dry climates (group B) -- Moist subtropical mid-latitude climates (group C) -- Focus On An Observation: -- Desert with clouds and drizzle -- Focus On A Special Topic: -- When does a dry spell become a drought? -- Moist continental climates (group D) -- Polar climates (group E) -- Highland climates (group H) -- Summary -- Key terms -- Questions for review -- Questions for thought -- Problems and exercises -- Air Pollution: -- Brief history of air pollution -- Types and sources of air pollutants -- Focus On An Environmental Issue: -- Indoor air pollution -- Principal air pollutants -- Ozone in the troposphere -- Ozone in the stratosphere -- Air pollution: trends and patterns -- Focus On An Environmental Issue: -- Ozone hole -- Factors that affect air pollution: -- Role of the wind -- Role of stability and inversions -- Focus On A Special Topic: -- Smokestack plumes -- Role of topography -- Severe air pollution potential -- Focus On An Observation: -- Five days in Donora: an air pollution episode -- Air pollution and the urban environment -- Acid deposition -- Focus On Social And Economic Impact:-- Heat waves and air pollution: a deadly team -- Summary -- Key terms -- Questions for review -- Questions for thought -- Problems and exercises -- Light, Color, And Atmospheric Optics: -- White and colors -- White clouds and scattered light -- Blue skies and hazy days -- Red suns and blue moons -- Twinkling, twilight, and the green flash -- Mirage: seeing is not believing -- Focus On An Observation: -- Fata Morgana -- Halos, sundogs, and sun pillars -- Rainbows -- Coronas, glories, and heiligenschein -- Focus On An Observation: -- Can it be a rainbow if it not raining? -- Summary -- Key terms -- Questions for review -- Questions for thought -- Problems and exercises -- Appendix A: Unites, conversions, abbreviations, and equations -- Appendix B: Weather symbols and the station model -- Appendix C: Beaufort wind scale (over land) -- Appendix D: Humidity and dew-point tables -- Appendix E: Instant weather forecast chart -- Appendix F: Changing GMT and UTC to local time -- Appendix G: Global average annual precipitation -- Appendix H: Standard atmosphere -- Appendix I: Hurricane tracking chart -- Appendix J: Adiabatic chart -- Glossary -- Additional reading material -- Index."@en ;
    schema:description "Wind: Global Systems: -- General circulation of the atmosphere: -- Single-cell model -- Three-cell model -- Average surface winds and pressure: the real world -- General circulation and precipitation patterns -- Average wind flow and pressure patterns aloft -- Focus On An Observation: -- Dishpan experiment -- Jet streams: -- Formation of the jet streams -- Other jet streams -- Atmosphere-ocean interactions: -- Global wind patterns and surface ocean currents -- Upwelling -- El Nino and the southern oscillation -- Pacific decadal oscillation -- Focus On Social And Environmental Impact: -- El Nino and the Winter Olympics of 2010: -- North Atlantic oscillation -- Arctic oscillation -- Summary -- Key terms -- Questions for review -- Questions for thought -- Problems and exercises -- Air Masses And Fronts: -- Air masses: -- Sources regions -- Classification -- Air masses of North America -- Focus On A Special Topic: -- Late-effect (enhanced) snows -- Focus On A Special Topic: -- Return of the Siberian Express -- Fronts: -- Stationary fronts -- Cold fronts -- Warm fronts -- Drylines -- Occluded fronts -- Focus On A Special Topic: -- Wavy warm front -- Upper-air fronts -- Summary -- Key terms -- Questions for review -- Questions for thought -- Problems and exercises -- Middle-Latitude Cyclones: -- Polar front theory -- Where do mid-latitude cyclones tend to form? -- Focus On A Special Topic: -- Northeasters -- Vertical structure of deep dynamic lows -- Upper-level waves and mid-latitude cyclones -- Focus On A Special Topic: -- Closer look at convergence and divergence -- Necessary ingredients for a developing mid-latitude cyclone -- Upper-air support -- Role of the jet stream -- Focus On A Special Topic: -- Jet streaks and storms -- Conveyor belt model of mid-latitude cyclones -- Developing mid-latitude cyclone: the March storm of 1993 -- Vorticity, divergence, and developing mid-latitude cyclones -- Vorticity on a spinning planet -- Focus On A Special Topic: -- Vorticity and longwaves -- Vorticity advection and shortwaves -- Putting it all together: a monstrous snowstorm -- Polar lows -- Summary -- Key terms -- Questions for review -- Questions for thought -- Problems and exercises -- Weather Forecasting: -- Acquisition of weather information -- Focus On A Special Topic: -- Watches, warnings, and advisories -- Weather forecasting tools -- Weather forecasting methods -- Focus On A Special Topic: -- Thickness chart: a forecasting tool -- Computer and weather forecasting: numerical weather prediction -- Why NWS Forecasts go awry and steps to improve them -- Other forecasting methods -- Focus On An Observation: -- TV weathercasters: how do they do it? -- Types of forecasts -- Focus On Social And Economic Impacts: -- Weather prediction and the marketplace -- Accuracy and skill in forecasting -- Predicting the weather from local signs -- Weather forecasting using surface charts: -- Determining the movement of weather systems -- Focus On An Observation: -- Forecasting temperature advection by watching the clouds -- Forecast for six cities -- Meteorologist makes a prediction: -- Help from the 500-mb chart -- Computer provides assistance -- Valid forecast -- Satellite and upper-air assistance -- Day of rain and wind -- Summary -- Key terms -- Questions for review -- Questions for thought -- Problems and exercises -- Thunderstorms And Tornadoes: -- Thunderstorms: -- Ordinary cell thunderstorms -- Multicell thunderstorms -- Supercell thunderstorms -- Thunderstorms and the dryline -- Thunderstorms and flooding -- Focus On A Special Topic: -- Terrifying flash flood in the Big Thompson Canyon -- Distribution of thunderstorms -- Lightning and thunder -- Focus On An Observation: -- ELVES in the atmosphere -- Focus On An Observation: -- Don't sit under the apple tree -- Tornado life cycle -- Tornado occurrence and distribution -- Tornado winds -- Tornado outbreaks -- Tornado formation: -- Supercell tornadoes -- Nonsupercell tornadoes -- Focus On A Special Topic: -- Forecasting severe thunderstorms and tornadoes -- Observing tornadoes and severe weather -- Waterspouts -- Summary -- Key terms -- Questions for review -- Questions for thought -- Problems and exercises -- Hurricanes: -- Tropic weather -- Anatomy of a hurricane -- Hurricane formation and dissipation: -- Right environment -- Developing storm -- Storms dies out -- Hurricane stages of development -- Investigating the storm -- Hurricane movement -- Focus On A Special Topic: -- How do hurricanes compare with middle-latitude storms? -- Naming hurricanes and tropical storms -- Devastating winds, the storm surge, and flooding -- Focus On A Special Topic: -- Devastating tropical storms -- Some notable hurricanes: -- Camille, 1969 -- Hugo -- Andrew -- Ivan -- Katrina -- Focus On An Observation: -- Record-setting Atlantic hurricane seasons of 2004 and 2005 -- Other devastating hurricanes -- Hurricane watches, warnings, and forecasts -- Focus On An Environmental Issue: -- Hurricanes in a warmer world -- Modifying hurricanes -- Summary -- Key terms -- Questions for review -- Questions for thought -- Problems and exercises -- Earth's Changing Climate: -- Reconstructing past climates -- Climate throughout the ages: -- Temperature trends during the past 1000 years -- Temperature trends during the past 100-plus years -- Focus On A Special Topic: -- Ocean's influence on rapid climate change -- Climate change caused by natural events: -- Climate change: feedback mechanisms -- Climate change: plate tectonics and mountain building -- Climate change: variations in the earth's orbit -- Climate change: variations in solar output -- Climate change: atmospheric particles -- Climate change caused by human (anthropogenic) activities -- Climate change: aerosols injected into the lower atmosphere -- Climate change: increasing levels of greenhouse gases -- Climate change: land use changes -- Focus On An Environmental Issue: -- Nuclear winter, cold summers, and dead dinosaurs -- Climate change: global warming: -- Recent global warming: perspective -- Focus On A Special Topic: -- Sahel: an example of climatic variability and human existence -- Future climate change: projections -- Focus On An Environmental Issue: -- Extremes of 2011: did climate change play a role? -- Focus On A Special Topic: -- Climate models: a quick glance -- Consequences of climate change: the possibilities -- Focus On An Environmental Issue: -- Ozone and the ozone hole: their influence on climate change -- Climate change: efforts to curb -- Climate change: a final note -- Summary -- Key terms -- Questions for review -- Questions for thought -- Problems and exercises."@en ;
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