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Microbiology : an introduction

Autor Gerard J Tortora; Berdell R Funke; Christine L Case
Vydavatel: Boston : Pearson, ©2013.
Vydání/formát:   Kniha : English : 11th edZobrazit všechny vydání a formáty
Databáze:WorldCat
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Microbiology: An Introduction helps you see the connection between human health and microbiology.
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Žánr/forma: Textbooks
Typ dokumentu: Book
Všichni autoři/tvůrci: Gerard J Tortora; Berdell R Funke; Christine L Case
ISBN: 9780321733603 0321733606 9780321793102 0321793102 9780321767387 0321767381 9780321798541 0321798546
OCLC číslo: 757838397
Popis: xviii, 818, [121] pages : illustrations ; 29 cm
Obsahy: pt. 1. Fundamentals of microbiology --
1. The microbial world and you --
Naming and classifying microorganisms --
History of microbiology --
Microbes and human welfare --
Recycling vital elements --
Sewage treatment --
Bioremediation --
Insect pest control by microorganisms --
Modern biotechnology and recombinant DNA technology --
Microbes and human disease --
Normal microbiota --
Biofilms --
Infectious diseases --
2. Chemical principles --
Structure of atoms --
Chemical bonds --
Chemical reactions --
Important biological molecules --
Inorganic compounds --
Water --
Acids, bases, and salts --
Acid-base balance : pH --
Organic compounds --
Carbohydrates --
Lipids --
Proteins --
Nucleic acids --
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) --
3. Observing microorganisms through a microscope --
Units of measurement --
Microscopy : the instruments --
Preparation of specimens for light microscopy --
Stains --
4. Functional anatomy of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells --
Cytoplasm --
Ribosomes --
Organelles --
5. Microbial metabolism --
Catabolic and anabolic reactions --
Enzymes --
Energy production --
Carbohydrate catabolism --
Lipid and protein catabolism --
Biochemical tests and bacterial identification --
Photosynthesis --
Energy production mechanisms --
Metabolic diversity among organisms --
Metabolic pathways of energy use --
The integration of metabolism --
6. Microbial growth --
Requirements for growth --
Biofilms --
Culture media --
Obtaining pure cultures --
Preserving bacterial cultures --
Growth of bacterial cultures --
7. The control of microbial growth --
Terminology of microbial control --
Rate of microbial death --
Actions of microbial control agents --
Physical methods of microbial control --
Chemical methods of microbial control --
Microbial characteristics and microbial control --
8. Microbial genetics --
Structure and function of the genetic material --
Genotype and phenotype --
DNA and chromosomes --
DNA replication --
RNA and protein synthesis --
The regulation of bacterial gene expression --
Mutation : change in the genetic material --
Mutations --
Mutagens --
Identifying chemical carcinogens --
Genetic transfer and recombination in bacteria --
Genes and evolution --
9. Biotechnology and DNA technology --
Recombinant DNA --
Tools of biotechnology --
Selection --
Mutation --
Restriction enzymes --
Vectors --
Polymerase chain reaction --
Techniques of genetic modification --
Applications of DNA technology --
Safety issues and the ethics of using DNA technology. pt. 2. A survey of the microbial world --
10. Classification of microorganisms --
Study of phylogenetic relationships --
Classification of organisms --
Classification of prokaryotes --
Classification of eukaryotes --
Classification of viruses --
11. The prokaryotes : domains bacteria and archaea --
The prokaryotic groups --
Domain bacteria --
The proteobacteria --
The gram-positive bacteria --
Firmicutes --
Actinobacteria --
The nonproteobacteria gram-negative bacteria --
Cyanobacteria --
Chlamydiae --
Planctomycetes --
Bacteroidetes --
Fusobacteria --
Domain archaea --
Microbial diversity --
12. The eukaryotes : fungi, algae, protozoa, and helminths --
Lichens --
Slime molds --
Platyhelminths --
Nematodes --
Arthropods as vectors --
13. Viruses, viroids, and prions --
General characteristics of viruses --
Viral structure --
Taxonomy of viruses --
Isolation, cultivation, and identification of viruses --
Bacteriophages --
Viral multiplication --
Viruses and cancer --
DNA oncogenic viruses --
RNA oncogenic viruses --
Latent viral infections --
Persistent viral infections --
Prions --
Plant viruses and viroids. pt. 3. Interaction between microbe and host --
14. Principles of disease and epidemiology --
Pathology, infection, and disease --
Etiology of infectious diseases --
Koch's postulates --
Classifying infectious diseases --
Patterns of disease --
Spread of infection --
Nosocomial (hospital-acquired) infections --
Emerging infectious diseases --
Epidemiology --
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) --
15. Microbial mechanisms of pathogenicity --
Pathogenic properties of fungi, protozoa, helminths, and algae --
16. Innate immunity : nonspecific defenses of the host --
Normal microbiota and immunity --
The lymphatic system --
Phagocytes --
Inflammation --
Vasodilation --
Phagocyte migration and phagocytosis --
Fever --
Antimicrobial substances --
Interferons --
Iron-binding proteins --
Peptides --
17. Adaptive immunity : specific defenses of the host --
Humoral immunity --
Cellular immunity --
Antigens and antibodies --
B cells and humoral immunity --
Diversity of antibodies --
Antigen-antibody binding --
T cells and cellular immunity --
Antigen-presenting cells --(APCs) --
Dendritic cells --
Macrophages --
Extracellular killing by the immune system --
Antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity --
Cytokines --
18. Practical applications of immunology --
Vaccines --
Adjuvants --
Safety of vaccines --
Immunologic-based diagnostic tests --
Monoclonal antibodies --
Precipitation reactions --
Agglutination reactions --
Neutralization reactions --
Complement-fixation reactions --
Fluorescent-antibody techniques --
Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) --
Immunoblotting --
19. Disorders associated with the immune system --
Hypersensitivity --
Autoimmune diseases --
Reactions related to the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) --
The immune system and cancer --
Immunodeficiencies --
Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) --
Origin of AIDS --
HIV infection --
20. Antimicrobial drugs --
History of chemotherapy --
Spectrum of antimicrobial activity --
Action of antimicrobial drugs --
Antibacterial antibiotics --
Antimycobacterial antibiotics --
Antifungal drugs --
Antiviral drugs --
Antiprotozoan and antihelminthic drugs --
Tests to guide chemotherapy --
Resistance to antimicrobial drugs --
Antibiotic safety --
Effects of combinations of drugs --
Future of chemotherapeutic agents. pt . 4. Microorganisms and human disease --
21. Microbial diseases of the skin and eyes --
Structure and function of the skin --
Normal microbiota of the skin --
Bacterial diseases of the skin --
Viral diseases of the skin --
Fungal diseases of the skin --
Parasitic infestation of the skin --
Inflammation of the eye membranes : conjunctivitis --
Bacterial diseases of the eye --
22. Microbial diseases of the nervous system --
Structure and function of the nervous system --
Bacterial diseases of the nervous system --
Bacterial meningitis --
Tetanus --
Botulism --
Leprosy --
Viral diseases of the nervous system --
Poliomyelitis --
Rabies --
Arboviral encephalitis --
Fungal disease of the nervous system --
Cryptococcosis --
Protozoan diseases of the nervous system --
African trypanosomiasis --
Amebic meningoencephalitis ---
Nervous system diseases caused by prions --
bovine spongiform encephalopathy and variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease --
Chronic fatigue syndrome --
23. Microbial diseases of the cardiovascular and lymphatic systems --
Structure and function of the cardiovascular and lymphatic systems --
Bacterial diseases of the cardiovascular and lymphatic systems --
Sepsis and septic shock --
Rheumatic fever --
Tularemia --
Undulant fever --
Anthrax --
Gangrene --
Viral diseases --
Burkitt's lymphoma --
Infectious mononucleosis --
Epstein-Barr virus --
Cytomegalovirus infections --
Chikungunya fever --
Viral hemorrhagic fevers --
Protozoan disease --
Chagas' disease (American trypanosomiasis) --
Toxoplasmosis --
Malaria --
Leishmaniasis --
Babesiosis --
Helminthic diseases --
Schistosomiasis --
Swimmer's itch --
24. Microbial diseases of the respiratory system --
Structure and function of the respiratory system --
Normal microbiota of the respiratory system --
Bacterial diseases --
Streptococcal pharyngitis (strep throat) --
Scarlet fever --
Diphtheria --
Otitis media --
The common cold --
Pertussis (Whooping cough) --
Tuberculosis --
Bacterial pneumonias --
Melioidosis --
Viral pneumonia --
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) --
Influenza)(flu) --
Histoplasmosis --
Coccidioidomycosis --
Pneumocystis pneumonia --
Balstomycosis --
25. Microbial diseases of the digestive system --
Structure and function of the digestive system --
Normal microbiota of the digestive system --
Bacterial diseases of the mouth --
Dental caries (tooth decay) --
Periodontal disease --
Bacterial disease of the lower digestive system --
Staphylococcal food poisoning (staphylococcal enterotoxicosis) --
Shigellosis (bacillary dysentery) --
Salmonellosis (salmonella gastroenteritis) --
Typhoid fever --
Cholera --
Noncholera vibrios --
Gastroenteritis --
Helicobacter peptic ulcer disease --
Mumps --
Hepatitis --
Viral gastroenteritis --
Ergot poisoning --
Aflatoxin poisoning --
Protozoan diseases --
Giardiasis --
Cryptosporidiosis --
Cyclospora diarrheal infection --
Amebic dysentery --
Helminthic diseases --
Tapeworms --
Hydatid disease --
Nematodes --
26. Microbial diseases of the urinary and reproductive systems --
Structure and function --
Normal microbiota --
Diseases of the urinary system --
Cystitis --
Pyelonephritis --
Leptospirosis --
Diseases of the reproductive systems --
Gonorrhea --
Nongonococcal urethritis (NGU) --
Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) --
Syphilis --
Lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) --
Chancroid --
Bacterial vaginosis --
Genital herpes --
Genital warts --
AIDS --
Candidiasis --
Trichomoniasis --
The TORCH panel of tests. pt . 5. Environmental and applied microbiology --
27. Environmental microbiology --
Microbial diversity and habitats --
Soil microbiology and biogeochemical cycles --
The carbon cycle --
The nitrogen cycle --
The sulfur cycle --The phosphorus cycle --
Aquatic microbiology and sewage treatment --
Aquatic microorganisms --
Water treatment --
Wastewater --
28. Applied and industrial microbiology --
Food microbiology --
Foods and disease --
Industrial food canning --
Aseptic packaging --
Radiation and industrial food preservation --
Fermentation technology --
Alternative energy sources using microorganisms --
Biofuels --
Appendix A. Metabolic pathways --
Appendix B. Exponents, exponential notation, logarithms, and generation time --
Appendix C. Methods for taking clinical samples --
Appendix D. Pronunciation of scientific names --
Appendix E. Word roots used in microbiology --
Appendix F. Classification of prokaryotes according to Bergey's Manual.
Odpovědnost: Gerard J. Tortora, Berdell R. Funke, Christine L. Case.

Anotace:

Reflecting the constantly evolving field of microbiology and its research environment, this tenth edition provides the most up-to-date coverage of technology and applications using straightforward  Přečíst více...

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schema:description"pt . 5. Environmental and applied microbiology -- 27. Environmental microbiology -- Microbial diversity and habitats -- Soil microbiology and biogeochemical cycles -- The carbon cycle -- The nitrogen cycle -- The sulfur cycle --The phosphorus cycle -- Aquatic microbiology and sewage treatment -- Aquatic microorganisms -- Water treatment -- Wastewater -- 28. Applied and industrial microbiology -- Food microbiology -- Foods and disease -- Industrial food canning -- Aseptic packaging -- Radiation and industrial food preservation -- Fermentation technology -- Alternative energy sources using microorganisms -- Biofuels -- Appendix A. Metabolic pathways -- Appendix B. Exponents, exponential notation, logarithms, and generation time -- Appendix C. Methods for taking clinical samples -- Appendix D. Pronunciation of scientific names -- Appendix E. Word roots used in microbiology -- Appendix F. Classification of prokaryotes according to Bergey's Manual."@en
schema:description"pt. 1. Fundamentals of microbiology -- 1. The microbial world and you -- Naming and classifying microorganisms -- History of microbiology -- Microbes and human welfare -- Recycling vital elements -- Sewage treatment -- Bioremediation -- Insect pest control by microorganisms -- Modern biotechnology and recombinant DNA technology -- Microbes and human disease -- Normal microbiota -- Biofilms -- Infectious diseases -- 2. Chemical principles -- Structure of atoms -- Chemical bonds -- Chemical reactions -- Important biological molecules -- Inorganic compounds -- Water -- Acids, bases, and salts -- Acid-base balance : pH -- Organic compounds -- Carbohydrates -- Lipids -- Proteins -- Nucleic acids -- Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) -- 3. Observing microorganisms through a microscope -- Units of measurement -- Microscopy : the instruments -- Preparation of specimens for light microscopy -- Stains -- 4. Functional anatomy of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells -- Cytoplasm -- Ribosomes -- Organelles -- 5. Microbial metabolism -- Catabolic and anabolic reactions -- Enzymes -- Energy production -- Carbohydrate catabolism -- Lipid and protein catabolism -- Biochemical tests and bacterial identification -- Photosynthesis -- Energy production mechanisms -- Metabolic diversity among organisms -- Metabolic pathways of energy use -- The integration of metabolism -- 6. Microbial growth -- Requirements for growth -- Biofilms -- Culture media -- Obtaining pure cultures -- Preserving bacterial cultures -- Growth of bacterial cultures -- 7. The control of microbial growth -- Terminology of microbial control -- Rate of microbial death -- Actions of microbial control agents -- Physical methods of microbial control -- Chemical methods of microbial control -- Microbial characteristics and microbial control -- 8. Microbial genetics -- Structure and function of the genetic material -- Genotype and phenotype -- DNA and chromosomes -- DNA replication -- RNA and protein synthesis -- The regulation of bacterial gene expression -- Mutation : change in the genetic material -- Mutations -- Mutagens -- Identifying chemical carcinogens -- Genetic transfer and recombination in bacteria -- Genes and evolution -- 9. Biotechnology and DNA technology -- Recombinant DNA -- Tools of biotechnology -- Selection -- Mutation -- Restriction enzymes -- Vectors -- Polymerase chain reaction -- Techniques of genetic modification -- Applications of DNA technology -- Safety issues and the ethics of using DNA technology."@en
schema:description"pt. 3. Interaction between microbe and host -- 14. Principles of disease and epidemiology -- Pathology, infection, and disease -- Etiology of infectious diseases -- Koch's postulates -- Classifying infectious diseases -- Patterns of disease -- Spread of infection -- Nosocomial (hospital-acquired) infections -- Emerging infectious diseases -- Epidemiology -- The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) -- 15. Microbial mechanisms of pathogenicity -- Pathogenic properties of fungi, protozoa, helminths, and algae -- 16. Innate immunity : nonspecific defenses of the host -- Normal microbiota and immunity -- The lymphatic system -- Phagocytes -- Inflammation -- Vasodilation -- Phagocyte migration and phagocytosis -- Fever -- Antimicrobial substances -- Interferons -- Iron-binding proteins -- Peptides -- 17. Adaptive immunity : specific defenses of the host -- Humoral immunity -- Cellular immunity -- Antigens and antibodies -- B cells and humoral immunity -- Diversity of antibodies -- Antigen-antibody binding -- T cells and cellular immunity -- Antigen-presenting cells --(APCs) -- Dendritic cells -- Macrophages -- Extracellular killing by the immune system -- Antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity -- Cytokines -- 18. Practical applications of immunology -- Vaccines -- Adjuvants -- Safety of vaccines -- Immunologic-based diagnostic tests -- Monoclonal antibodies -- Precipitation reactions -- Agglutination reactions -- Neutralization reactions -- Complement-fixation reactions -- Fluorescent-antibody techniques -- Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) -- Immunoblotting -- 19. Disorders associated with the immune system -- Hypersensitivity -- Autoimmune diseases -- Reactions related to the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) -- The immune system and cancer -- Immunodeficiencies -- Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) -- Origin of AIDS -- HIV infection -- 20. Antimicrobial drugs -- History of chemotherapy -- Spectrum of antimicrobial activity -- Action of antimicrobial drugs -- Antibacterial antibiotics -- Antimycobacterial antibiotics -- Antifungal drugs -- Antiviral drugs -- Antiprotozoan and antihelminthic drugs -- Tests to guide chemotherapy -- Resistance to antimicrobial drugs -- Antibiotic safety -- Effects of combinations of drugs -- Future of chemotherapeutic agents."@en
schema:description"pt . 4. Microorganisms and human disease -- 21. Microbial diseases of the skin and eyes -- Structure and function of the skin -- Normal microbiota of the skin -- Bacterial diseases of the skin -- Viral diseases of the skin -- Fungal diseases of the skin -- Parasitic infestation of the skin -- Inflammation of the eye membranes : conjunctivitis -- Bacterial diseases of the eye -- 22. Microbial diseases of the nervous system -- Structure and function of the nervous system -- Bacterial diseases of the nervous system -- Bacterial meningitis -- Tetanus -- Botulism -- Leprosy -- Viral diseases of the nervous system -- Poliomyelitis -- Rabies -- Arboviral encephalitis -- Fungal disease of the nervous system -- Cryptococcosis -- Protozoan diseases of the nervous system -- African trypanosomiasis -- Amebic meningoencephalitis --- Nervous system diseases caused by prions -- bovine spongiform encephalopathy and variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease -- Chronic fatigue syndrome -- 23. Microbial diseases of the cardiovascular and lymphatic systems -- Structure and function of the cardiovascular and lymphatic systems -- Bacterial diseases of the cardiovascular and lymphatic systems -- Sepsis and septic shock -- Rheumatic fever -- Tularemia -- Undulant fever -- Anthrax -- Gangrene -- Viral diseases -- Burkitt's lymphoma -- Infectious mononucleosis -- Epstein-Barr virus -- Cytomegalovirus infections -- Chikungunya fever -- Viral hemorrhagic fevers -- Protozoan disease -- Chagas' disease (American trypanosomiasis) -- Toxoplasmosis -- Malaria -- Leishmaniasis -- Babesiosis -- Helminthic diseases -- Schistosomiasis -- Swimmer's itch -- 24. Microbial diseases of the respiratory system -- Structure and function of the respiratory system -- Normal microbiota of the respiratory system -- Bacterial diseases -- Streptococcal pharyngitis (strep throat) -- Scarlet fever -- Diphtheria -- Otitis media -- The common cold -- Pertussis (Whooping cough) -- Tuberculosis -- Bacterial pneumonias -- Melioidosis -- Viral pneumonia -- Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) -- Influenza)(flu) -- Histoplasmosis -- Coccidioidomycosis -- Pneumocystis pneumonia -- Balstomycosis -- 25. Microbial diseases of the digestive system -- Structure and function of the digestive system -- Normal microbiota of the digestive system -- Bacterial diseases of the mouth -- Dental caries (tooth decay) -- Periodontal disease -- Bacterial disease of the lower digestive system -- Staphylococcal food poisoning (staphylococcal enterotoxicosis) -- Shigellosis (bacillary dysentery) -- Salmonellosis (salmonella gastroenteritis) -- Typhoid fever -- Cholera -- Noncholera vibrios -- Gastroenteritis -- Helicobacter peptic ulcer disease -- Mumps -- Hepatitis -- Viral gastroenteritis -- Ergot poisoning -- Aflatoxin poisoning -- Protozoan diseases -- Giardiasis -- Cryptosporidiosis -- Cyclospora diarrheal infection -- Amebic dysentery -- Helminthic diseases -- Tapeworms -- Hydatid disease -- Nematodes -- 26. Microbial diseases of the urinary and reproductive systems -- Structure and function -- Normal microbiota -- Diseases of the urinary system -- Cystitis -- Pyelonephritis -- Leptospirosis -- Diseases of the reproductive systems -- Gonorrhea -- Nongonococcal urethritis (NGU) -- Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) -- Syphilis -- Lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) -- Chancroid -- Bacterial vaginosis -- Genital herpes -- Genital warts -- AIDS -- Candidiasis -- Trichomoniasis -- The TORCH panel of tests."@en
schema:description"pt. 2. A survey of the microbial world -- 10. Classification of microorganisms -- Study of phylogenetic relationships -- Classification of organisms -- Classification of prokaryotes -- Classification of eukaryotes -- Classification of viruses -- 11. The prokaryotes : domains bacteria and archaea -- The prokaryotic groups -- Domain bacteria -- The proteobacteria -- The gram-positive bacteria -- Firmicutes -- Actinobacteria -- The nonproteobacteria gram-negative bacteria -- Cyanobacteria -- Chlamydiae -- Planctomycetes -- Bacteroidetes -- Fusobacteria -- Domain archaea -- Microbial diversity -- 12. The eukaryotes : fungi, algae, protozoa, and helminths -- Lichens -- Slime molds -- Platyhelminths -- Nematodes -- Arthropods as vectors -- 13. Viruses, viroids, and prions -- General characteristics of viruses -- Viral structure -- Taxonomy of viruses -- Isolation, cultivation, and identification of viruses -- Bacteriophages -- Viral multiplication -- Viruses and cancer -- DNA oncogenic viruses -- RNA oncogenic viruses -- Latent viral infections -- Persistent viral infections -- Prions -- Plant viruses and viroids."@en
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