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Military Operations Research : Quantitative Decision Making

Author: N K Jaiswal
Publisher: Boston, MA : Springer US, 1997.
Series: International series in operations research & management science, 5.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
The field of Operations Research (OR) grew out of World War II operations to improve the effectiveness of newly introduced weapons and equipment, and to solve logistical problems for the war effort. Since its beginnings, OR has rapidly become a robust set of decision-making methodologies widely used in business, engineering, and governmental sectors. Nevertheless, many of OR's military and defense contributions have  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: N K Jaiswal
ISBN: 9781461562757 1461562759
OCLC Number: 851766217
Description: 1 online resource (xi, 388 pages).
Contents: 1 Operations Research in Defense --
1.1 The Need for Operations Research in Defense --
1.2 The Birth of OR --
1.3 Military OR --
1.4 Methodology of OR Analysis --
1.5 Success of a Military OR Study --
2 Search, Detection and Damage Assessment --
2.1 Target Acquisition, Engagement and Damage Assessment --
2.2 Detection Theory --
2.3 Search Models --
2.4 Hit Probability --
2.5 Damage Assessment --
2.6 Salvo and Pattern Firing --
2.7 Single Vs. Multiple Aiming Point --
2.9 Shooting Tactics Based on Damage Information --
3 Simulation of Military Systems --
3.1 System, Model and Simulation --
3.2 Monte Carlo Sampling Procedure --
3.3 Continuous System Simulation --
3.4 Discrete System Simulation --
3.5 Weapon System Simulation Vs. Combat Simulation --
3.6 Simulation Packages --
4 War Games --
4.1 Combat Simulations, War Games and Theory of Games --
4.2 History of War Games --
4.3 Classification of War Games --
4.4 Development of War Games --
4.5 Land War Games --
4.6 Naval War Games --
4.7 Air War Games --
4.8 Other War Games --
5 Cost Effectiveness Analysis --
5.1 Effectiveness and System Cost --
5.2 Cost Effectiveness Using Fixed Effectiveness Approach --
5.3 Cost Effectiveness Using Figure of Merit --
5.4 Fallacies of Cost Effectiveness Analysis --
5.5 Cost and Operational Effectiveness Analysis (COEA) --
6 Optimization Problems --
6.1 Resource Allocation Problems --
6.2 Linear Programming --
6.3 The Transportation Problem --
6.4 The Assignment Problem --
6.5 Integer Programming --
6.6 Multiobjective Programming --
6.7 Dynamic Programming --
6.8 Nonlinear Programming --
6.9 Applications of Optimization Techniques in Gulf War --
7 Heuristic Optimization --
7.1 Heuristic Optimization Algorithms --
7.2 Weapon Target Allocation Problem in Multiple Layer Defense --
7.3 Simulated Annealing --
7.4 Genetic Algorithm --
7.5 Artificial Neural Networks --
7.6 Salient Features of the Three Heuristic Optimization Techniques --
8 The Analytic Hierarchy Process --
8.1 Multicriteria Decision Making --
8.2 Delphi Method --
8.3 Decision Matrix Approach --
8.4 Forced Decision Matrix Approach --
8.5 Analytic Hierarchy Process --
8.6 Problems and Modifications of AHP --
9 Homogeneous Combat Models --
9.1 Lanchester Equations of Warfare --
9.2 Other Attrition Laws --
9.3 Combat Termination Rules --
9.4 Measure of Combat Success --
9.5 Combat Modeling with Spatial Effects --
9.6 Stochastic Duels --
9.7 Stochastic Combat Models --
9.8 Combat Models with Nonlinear Effects --
9.9 Air and Naval Combat Models --
10 Heterogeneous Combat Models --
10.1 The (m, n) model --
10.2 Aggregation --
10.3 Scaling Methods --
10.4 An Alternative Approach to Aggregation --
10.5 Variable Resolution Models --
10.6 Optimization Models --
11 Threat Assessment: Static and Dynamic Analyses --
11.1 Threat Assessment --
11.2 Static Analysis --
11.3 Dynamic Analysis --
12 Analysis of Strategic Stability Issues --
12.1 Concept of Stability --
12.2 Measure of Military Stability --
12.3 Linear Defense Models of Stability --
12.4 Stable Regional Force Ratio Model --
12.5 Methods for Enhancing Stability in the Region --
Author Index.
Series Title: International series in operations research & management science, 5.
Responsibility: by N.K. Jaiswal.

Abstract:

The field of Operations Research (OR) grew out of World War II operations to improve the effectiveness of newly introduced weapons and equipment, and to solve logistical problems for the war effort. Since its beginnings, OR has rapidly become a robust set of decision-making methodologies widely used in business, engineering, and governmental sectors. Nevertheless, many of OR's military and defense contributions have remained confined to classified reports. This book is a systematic, state-of-the-art treatment of military operations research (MOR). It has been written for those interested in learning about the applications of OR techniques to military problems, and within these discussions theoretical concepts needed for analysis of military issues are presented. The book examines issues that relate to both tactical and strategic levels. Several examples have been solved in each chapter to illustrate the application of the techniques of MOR to military systems. The data used in these examples are hypothetical. They do not correspond to any existing weapon or military situations. They are used strictly to illustrate an application of MOR in defense decision-making.

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