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Modeling, design, construction, and operation of power generators with solid oxide fuel cells : from single cell to complete power system

Author: Jakub Kupecki
Publisher: Cham, Switzerland : Springer, 2018.
Series: Green energy and technology.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
The book summarizes the current state of the solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) technology in power generation applications. It describes the single cells, SOFC stacks, micro-combined heat and power systems, large-scale stationary power generators and polygeneration units. The principles of modeling, simulation and controls of power systems with solid oxide fuel cells are presented and discussed. Authors provide  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Printed edition:
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Jakub Kupecki
ISBN: 9783319756028 3319756028 331975601X 9783319756011
OCLC Number: 1031214420
Description: 1 online resource (xvii, 261 pages) : illustrations.
Contents: Intro; Preface; Contents; Editor and Contributors; Abbreviations and Symbols; 1. Introduction; Abstract; 1.1. Energy Generation; 1.2. Conventional Energy Generation Technologies; 1.3. Fuel Cells in Energy Applications; 1.3.1. Historic Background and Types of Fuel Cells; 1.3.2. Solid Oxide Fuel Cells; 1.3.3. Principles of Operation; 1.3.4. Governing Equations; References; 2. Types, Fabrication, and Characterization of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells; Abstract; 2.1. Introduction; 2.2. Characteristic of Fuel Cells; 2.3. Designs and Materials for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells 2.3.1. Electrolyte-Supported Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (ES-SOFC); 2.3.2. Anode-Supported Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (AS-SOFC); 2.3.3. Metal-Supported Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (MS-SOFC); 2.3.4. SOFC Anode Materials; 2.3.5. SOFC Electrolyte Materials; 2.3.6. SOFC Cathode Materials; 2.4. Fabrication of Anode-Supported Solid Oxide Fuel Cells; 2.5. Characterization of SOFC; References; 3. Contemporary Approaches to Planar SOFC Stack Design and Performance Characterization; Abstract; 3.1. Introduction; 3.2. Latest SOFC Stack Designs; 3.3. New Design of SOFC Repeating Unit; 3.3.1. Interconnects; 3.3.2. Chromium Barrier 3.3.3. Cathode Contact Materials; 3.4. Seals; 3.4.1. Requirements for Sealants; 3.4.2. Types of Seals; 3.4.3. Glass-Based Seals; 3.5. Characterization of Stack Performance; References; 4. Fuel Processing for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells; Abstract; 4.1. Use of Alternative Fuels in High-Temperature SOFCs; 4.2. Fuel Reforming; 4.3. Fuel Reforming Configuration; 4.3.1. External Reforming Configuration (ER-SOFC); 4.3.2. Internal Reforming Configuration (IR-SOFC); 4.3.3. Internal Partial Oxidation Mode (IPO-SOFC); 4.3.4. Direct Fuel Oxidation Mode (DFO-SOFC); 4.3.5. Anode Gas Recycle System (AGR) 4.4. Thermodynamic Consideration on Carbon Formation; 4.5. Kinetic Considerations on Carbon Formation; 4.6. Standard Ni-YSZ Anodes; 4.7. Materials Design Strategies Aimed at Improving Carbon Tolerance in SOFC Anodes; 4.7.1. Ni-Based Cermets; 4.7.2. Alloying Ni with Transition Metals; 4.7.3. Use of Oxygen Storage Materials (OSM); 4.7.4. Bulk Perovskite Oxides; 4.7.5. Metal-Perovskite Anodes; 4.8. Reforming Catalysts Used in Reformers for SOFCs Fed with Alternative Fuels; 4.8.1. Ensemble Size Control; 4.8.2. Sulfur; 4.8.3. Hexaaluminates (HA); 4.8.4. Basic Promoters 4.8.5. Cerium Oxide and Ceria-Containing Mixed Oxides; 4.8.6. Bimetallic Catalysts; 4.9. Fuel and Gas Cleaning; References; 5. Modeling of SOFC-Based Power Systems; Abstract; 5.1. Multi-level Modeling of SOFC-Based Systems; 5.2. Zero-Dimensional Modeling; 5.3. One- and Two-Dimensional Modeling; 5.4. Three-Dimensional Modeling and Computational Fluid Dynamics Codes; 5.5. Model of the Solid Oxide Fuel Cells; References; 6. System Dynamics and Control; Abstract; 6.1. Introduction; 6.1.1. Key Simplifications-Geometric Resolution and Timescales; 6.2. Dynamic Model Description; 6.2.1. SOFC Model 6.2.2. Spatially Resolved Variable Flow Direction Heat Exchanger and Reformer; 6.2.3. Fuel Cell Manifolding and Flow Geometry; 6.3. Model Verification and Data-Model Comparison; 6.3.1. Example Dynamic Model Verification--Stand-Alone SOFC System; 6.3.2. Example Model Verification--Hybrid SOFC-GT System; 6.4. Control System Development and Evaluation; 6.4.1. Control System Development for Stand-Alone SOFC Systems; 6.4.2. Siemens 220 kW SOFC-GT System Control; 6.4.3. Response and Control of Ambient Temperature Perturbations; 6.4.4. Response and Control of Fuel Composition Perturbations; 6.4.5. Load Following with Large-Scale Synchronous Generator Systems; References 7. Selected Aspects of Design, Construction, and Operation of SOFC-Based Micro-Combined Heat and Power Systems; 8. Large Stationary Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) Power Plants.
Series Title: Green energy and technology.
Responsibility: Jakub Kupecki, editor.

Abstract:

The book summarizes the current state of the solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) technology in power generation applications. It describes the single cells, SOFC stacks, micro-combined heat and power systems, large-scale stationary power generators and polygeneration units. The principles of modeling, simulation and controls of power systems with solid oxide fuel cells are presented and discussed. Authors provide theoretical background of the technology followed by the essential insights into the integrated power systems. Selected aspects of the design, construction and operation of power units in range from single kilowatts to hundreds of kilowatts are presented. Finally, the book reports the selected studies on prototype systems which have been constructed in Europe. The book discusses the theoretical and practical aspects of operation of power generators with solid oxide fuel cells including fabrication of cells, design of stacks, system modeling, simulation of stationary and non-stationary operation of systems, fuel preparation and controls.

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